Presentation on theme: "D4 Science World User Meeting. FAO Rome November 2009"— Presentation transcript:
1 D4 Science World User Meeting. FAO Rome 25-26 November 2009 Fishery science and policy Connecting information and decisionSerge M. GarciaI have been asked to present the views of the fishery science community as a user and producer of information. This community informs fishery governance and society about the state of the system and the options available for its development and management. It collects and manages data, generates knowledge and organizes the supply of information to decision-makers.The community it is not homogenous. Its members work for governments, Universities, NGOs or industry, in the developed or developing world. In reality, the “fishery science community” does not exist yet, broken as it is in disciplines, specializations, and socio-economic conditions. I will use the term, nonetheless, for convenience and will focus my presentation on the marine capture fisheries that I know best.I take full responsibility for the views I will express but wish to acknowledge the thoughts I collected through enquiry from many of my colleagues whom I dared to bother as representatives of the fishery science community and whom I wish to thank wholeheartedlyD4 Science World User Meeting. FAO Rome November 2009
2 Outline The fishery system The advice & decision process Current situationConclusionsRespondentsBaran, Eric; Brenton, Bob; Chavance, Pierre; Farmer, Tina;Fulton, Beth; Grainger, Richard; Guitton Jérome; Hall, Martin;Le Fur, Jean; Laloé, Francis; Maguire, Jean-Jacques; Mahon, Robin;O’Boyle, Bob; O’Dor, Ron; Rice, Jake; Sainsbury, Keith; Sibert, John;Sinclair, Michael; Taconet, Marc; Vanden Berghe, Edward;Williams, Meryl; Ye, YeminFirst, I will describe the complexity of the fishery system as a means to illustrate the diversity of information required; Second, I will describe the integrated assessment-to-decision process in which the information is used. Third, I will give some examples illustrating where the community information systems stands at the moment before offering some conclusions.what are the expectations of the community for the future.
3 Outline The fishery system The advice & decision process Current situationConclusionsThe fishery system is one of the most complex social-ecological systems.
4 The fishery system Demography Global economy Global market ShipyardsAgricultureAquacultureDemographyMaritimetransportDefenceIndustrialfleetGovernmentArtisanalFleetFishprocessorsGlobal economyOil & GasCablesPipesResourcesEcosystemPortsMarinasGlobal marketFishtradersFisheryagencyBanksFisheryresearchInt. InstrumentsChemicalindustriesTourismIt consists of a complex set of components interacting between them and with the broader environment. At the centre, the productive ecosystem and its resources Exploited by a segmented sector The exploitation is controlled by a fishery agency supported by fishery research. The sector interacts strongly with consumers, NGOs and the media. It interacts also with many other sectors which support it and, sometimes also compete with it. It is in open conflict with many sectors which constrain its activities or affect its resources It is financed by the Banks and must comply with government policies And conditioned by powerful external drivers.ConsumersMediaClimate changeNGOs
5 Complex processesThe system is crisscrossed by a web of non-linear and often fuzzy cause-effect and feedback relationships (illustrated here by this food web in California) resulting in a large number of potential pathways which reduce predictability and controllability.Figure from: Kaplan, I,; Harvey, C,; Levin, P,; Link, J.; Townsend, H. and Fulton, B. The Atlantis Ecosystem Modeling Framework. Californian ecosystem food web.
6 Nested scalesIts natural and human sub-systems have multiple relevant nested scales, representing different perspectives of the system, different interacting components, with different characteristics. Information is needed at each level and conclusions at a given level may be misleading at another.
7 Overlapping systems of boundaries 232 Ecoregions1km2kmO° ° ° ° ° ° °LatitudeDepthEquatorial EpipelagicCentral EpipelagicTransitionalEpipelagicSubpolar EpipelagicEquatorial-Central mesopelagicSubpolar MesopalegicBathypelagicLonghurst, A.R Ecological geography of the sea2nd Edition. Academic PressEquatorPoles64 Large Marine Ecosystems62 coastal provinces19 FAO Main Fishing Areas12 coastal ecological realmsLonghurst, A.R Ecological geography of the sea2nd Edition. Academic Press57 open ocean provincesSAUP:160 Exclusive Economic ZonesIts relevant geographical structure changes with the points of view. For example, the information is collected and may need to be represented according to: 12 coastal ecological realms or biomes 19 FAO Fishing Areas 57 open ocean provinces and 62 coastal provinces 64 large marine ecosystems 160 exclusive economic zones and the high seas; 232 ecoregions.In addition, UNEP and IOC as well as all Regional Fishery Commissions have their own mandated regions. At a lower level, we have legally designated areas such as marine parks, sanctuaries, protected areas, closed areas. We also have productive ecosystems such as upwelling areas, deltas, estuaries, lagoons, coral reefs, mangroves, kelp forests, etc. Finally, it should be stressed that the ocean is more explicitly tri-dimensional than continental ecosystems. To make things even more exciting, ecological limits are often fuzzy, change seasonally, from year to year and with climate change.All these spatial classifications have a degree of relevance and one of the requirements of global fishery information systems is to be able to redistribute the data accordingly.
8 Multiple time units Century: the evolutionary scale of the sector Decade: the scale of natural oscillationsYear: base of formal fishery statistics and quota regulationsSeason: basic biological, fishery & management patternTrip: often the base of fishery reportingDay: fishery reporting, log booksHaul: fishery reporting< hour: VMS recordingContinuous: Plankton recorder. Bioborne sensorsThe relevant time unit of the information is also highly nested: the century for fisheries history; the decade for natural oscillations, vessels’ life span and development planning; the year for catch regulations, economic analysis and simulation models; the season (and the month) for management, biology and simulation of tropical fisheries; the day and the haul for log books. Finally, Vessel Monitoring Systems track vessels’ position and speed many times per day and some recording systems are continuous.
9 Traditional rules Taboos A complex governanceRegionalCouncilsFishery AssociationsParliamentManagement AgencyGovernmentFisheryCommitteesStatisticsEnterprisesHouseholdsFishery ResearchTraditional rules TaboosFishing operationsConstitutionFisheries AuthorityLegislationFishery ChambersNGOsOther stakeholdersOther citizensCourtsMédiaGarcia, S.M. & Cochrane, K.L. 2009ArenasPublicPrivateThe structural and functional complexity of fishery governance is often ignored or neglected. It is a network of components from the public sector (in blue), the private sector (in yellow) and some hybrid institutions that jointly administer and control the sector.Each of these institutions may in turn be complex networks of smaller components and relations with their own lower-level governance. The flow of adequate information through this multiscale web of institutions is crucial to the performance of the sector and the information gets slowed down and modified in the process.AdministrationRegulationLobbyingFunctions
10 Cross-sectoral connections Socio-economic policyEnvironmental policyFishery policyForeign policyMaritime policyIn addition the fishery sector is only a small player in the national economic and political arenas and its sector policy stands at the intersection of many national policies such as the national socio-economic, environmental, foreign and maritime policies which constrain it.
11 Cross-scale connections FisheriesMarketCivil societyScienceStateGlobalFisheriesMarketCivil societyScienceStateRegionalMarketNationalScienceStateCivil societyFisheriesOn a different plane, fisheries governance stands at the intersection between other governances: that of the State the role of which is decreasing rapidly; that of the market and of civil society which are growing in importance and that of the scientific community which maintains an important mandate. All of these have their own structures, objectives, rules and processes and act at national, local and global level.
12 Information requirements OTHER ACTIVITIESGlobal changeImpactsFluctuationsSurvivalWorking conditionsRehabilitationProtectionRestorationDemandSupplyManagementDevelopmentInformationLobbyingBehaviorVotesRemovalsDepletionGear impactPollutionCluesRisksAttractionHabitatChangeBIOTIC Target species Other speciesInteractionsLiving habitat Predators PreysABIOTIC WeatherPhysical habitat Water ContaminantsCLIMATEOTHER ECOSYSTEMSFISHING Capture ProcessingCompetitionINSTITUTIONS Conventions Regulations Financing Organization ProcessAs a consequence of this complexity, the scientific community and the stakeholders need a wide variety of information on the structure and dynamics of:The abiotic environment of the resources and the fisheryThe resource itself and the ecosystem that sustains it, with its internal bio-ecological interactionsThe fishing system and its techno-economic interactionsThe fishery institutions and their internal functioningThe external drivers, and The main interactions between these components.MARKETSPOLICYVALUESSource: Garcia et al. 2003
13 Communication channels ConventionalNewCoordinationPolicy-makersPressureCommunicationQueryInfoComplaintsEvidenceSentencesParticipationMediaPublicNGOsCourtsRegulationsObjectivesAdviceModified from Garcia (2005)The broadening of issues and stakeholders brought about by the adoption of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries in 2001, created the need for a significant improvement in the communication system, particularly with the intrusion of the media, the NGOs, the public at large and the courtsComplianceSCIENTISTSStakeholdersNGOsDataInformationIntegrationNegotiation
14 Outline The fishery system The advice & decision process Current situationConclusionsLet’s look now at the integrated process of assessment, advice and decision
15 Integrated decision process DemandArenaCo-assessmentOptionsAdvicelCo-implementationPerformances assesmt.DecisionMonitoringNew policyCrisisExtendedknowledgeStakeholder participationGood practicesSci. DisciplinesTrad. knowledgeMaking decisions requires data, methods, and processes. Because of uncertainty, the process of analysis, advice and decision is necessarily adaptive. Because of the multiple dimensions, it is inter-disciplinary. Vertical integration is needed between the steps of the process to ensure coherence and efficiency; Knowledge-building and adaptation are ensured by institutionalized feed-back processes; Horizontal integration combines scientific and traditional knowledge during all phases;The co-elaboration of decisions with stakeholders is considered a sine-qua-non condition of the legitimacy of difficult choices.
16 Integrating information EnvironmentDevelopmentSocietal demandScienceOther knowledgeFactsPerceptionsValuesQuantitative & quantitative analysesFishingCoastal zonesSectoral policiesIntegrating:Relevant disciplinesScience and other knowledgeFacts, values and perceptionsQuantitative and qualitative analysesScience and negotiation processesKnowledge and sectoral policiesDevelopment and managementSectoral policies in a given areaSectoral policies and societal demandThe EAF process calls for integration of information across time and space, disciplines and sources of knowledge. It calls for reconciliation between facts, values and perceptions and blending of quantitative and qualitative information. It also requires distinct but communicating processes of science and negotiation. Finally, it calls for better integration between development and management, between sectoral policies, and between them and societal demand.
17 Outline The fishery system The advice & decision process Current situationConclusionsOutline – 3. Current situationLet us see what is the current situation is in the three key areas of needs: (1) Access to basic or reference data; (2) Availability of tools for data processing and (3) Diffusion of results beyond the strict decision and publication processes.
18 Catalogues of expertise ACCESSProcessingDiffusionCatalogues of expertiseFinding the expertise is a problem. There is a web-based registry of ocean experts that could be used as a useful source of information but the registration of fisheries expertise in this database is still very limited. Fishery experts need to make themselves better known and more easily reachable.
19 Bibliographic records ACCESSProcessingDiffusionBibliographic recordsBibliographic recordsBibliographic information is available in many commercial sites. The Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA) developed with FAO has the advantage to offer good conditions to developing countries.The Aquatic Commons repository covering marine, estuarine and fresh water environments as well as the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments and their resources with their economic, sociological and legal aspects. OceanDocs from the IOC is also a free access library of non-copyrighted material or material the distribution of which has been authorized.Efforts to facilitate access to bibliographic information need to be continued.
20 Ocean bathymetry WWW. VIRTUALOCEAN.ORG ACCESS Bathymetric data is also available at various resolutions, for example at the GEBCO. The virtual ocean platform allows the online generation of maps concerning bathymetry, geology, hydrology, etc. can be obtained and mapped online.As far as I know, other bottom-related information of importance to fisheries, such as bottom types, is not available.These facilities need to be continued, improving the availability of high resolution bathymetry in coastal zones.
21 Hydroclimatic data ACCESS Processing Diffusion Hydroclimatic data The IODE programme of IOC is the centre of a very active global network for the exchange of oceanographic and atmospheric data. The ICOADS database, for instance, contains 220 years of data, easily accessible and constantly updated.This system is an example and needs to be connected to biological information. This might come with the recent entry of the Ocean Biogeographic Information System into IODE.
22 Biological information ACCESSProcessingDiffusionBiological informationA lot of reference data on fishery resources is also available in FIGIS Fact Sheets as well as in Fishbase or Sealife base. The information concerns: images, taxonomy, biology, ecology, distribution, diseases, diet, and life history parameters.Financial support is needed to ensure the survival and updating of these fundamental sources of biological reference data (particularly considering the potential impact of climate change on these parameters)At the moment the life parameters are only accessible by species.The system should be modified to allow transversal access to all parameters to allow meta-analyses.Biodiversity informationAs fisheries management moves towards a more ecosystemic approach, biodiversity data becomes important. OBIS, a project of the Census of Marine Life, has already more than 20 million records (from close to one hundred databases) and is connected to WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species); GBIF (the Global Biodiversity Information Facility), FishBase, Encyclopedia of Life, etc. and offers web mapping facilities. The map shows the distribution of the records already collected.With its network of regional nodes, OBIS is a good example of the types of web infrastructures that would be useful for an enlarged fishery community in the future.The taxonomic records need to be further enriched with more detailed information on species, probably through more connections with dedicated databases as presently done with FishBase and FIGIS.
23 Biodiversity information ACCESSProcessingDiffusionBiodiversity informationAs fisheries management moves towards a more ecosystemic approach, biodiversity data becomes important. OBIS, a project of the Census of Marine Life, has already more than 20 million records (from close to one hundred databases) and is connected to WoRMS (World Register of Marine Species); GBIF (the Global Biodiversity Information Facility), FishBase, Encyclopedia of Life, etc. and offers web mapping facilities. The map shows the distribution of the records already collected.With its network of regional nodes, OBIS is a good example of the types of web infrastructures that would be useful for an enlarged fishery community in the future.The taxonomic records need to be further enriched with more detailed information on species, probably through more connections with dedicated databases as presently done with FishBase and FIGIS.
24 Migration and environmental data ACCESSProcessingDiffusionMigration and environmental dataInformation on migration of fish and on the environment they cross during those migrations is being collected and made available on maps by the Ocean Tracking Network. Fish and marine mammals (from 20 grammes to 20 tonnes) and other marine animals are tagged with acoustic and archival electronic devices through which they collect geolocated information on their oceanic environment (and on other tagged fish they meet). The animals are passively or actively tracked as they travel and the information collected is downloaded either to satellites (when the animal comes to the surface), or to FADs, underwater vehicules, or large-scale telemetry arrays of radio-listening devices installed on the ground in many places around the world. The information allows the analysis of the oceanographic conditions under which migration takes place as well as the mapping of fish movements.This sort of information (accessible on Google Ocean) may soon become a lot more available and usable for management, particularly of high migratory species like tuna, salmon, sharks, marine mammals.
25 Fishery statistics ACCESS Processing Diffusion Fishery statistics FAO statistics are available at national, regional and global levels with different degrees of accessibility and practically no interoperability between systems. Global statistics are available since 1950 and are accessible in FAO through FIGIS and FishStat. The database can be querried and the outputs can be graphed but not mapped. This limitation might be overcome in the future by the D4 Science project to develop the Integrated Capture Information System (ICIS).Access to these data at national and sub-national level remains problematic. A semi-automatic uploading of national statistics into regional and global systems would be a major improvement.
26 Regional fisheries monitoring The regional web platform of the ISTAM project (financed by the EU in West Africa) organizes regional fisheries monitoring. It improves national statistical systems, develops common standards and sharing protocols, validates datasets and provides assessment methods and training with the view to improve stock assessment and management practices (particularly of shared stocks) as well as general diffusion of scientific assessments on internet.Such systems are probably part of the solution to improve national systems and global accessibility to statistics as well as capacity-building.
27 Information on stocks & Fisheries ACCESSProcessingDiffusionInformation on stocks & FisheriesInformation on stocks & fisheriesA global systematic inventory of the world stocks, fisheries and management systems is being undertaken by the FIRMs partnership with FAO support. FIRMS is part of FIGIS, the FAO Fisheries Global Information System, and the information contained in its database is published in the form of fact sheets. This system provides the various data owner with tools to ensure controlled dissemination of high quality and updated information.As in FishBase, the system should be modified to allow transversal access to all parameters to allow meta-analyses on stocks or fisheries.The system could also be completed by a system of reference data on fishing vessels characteristics and performance.
28 Processing platforms ACCESS Processing Diffusion A number of fishery modelers and analysts use this R platform it for analysis and visualization of data and it is a good example of the sort of open source software development platform that is needed in fisheries. The fishery community has already reacted positively to the opportunity that the R platform represented:The FLR library is the result of an open collaborative effort by researchers from a number of laboratories and universities in various countries (under ICES Leadership, I believe) to develop a collection of tools in the R statistical language. Tt is a generic toolbox, but is specifically suited for the construction of simulation models, such as bioeconomic or ecosystem models and other models suited for fisheries management strategies evaluations (MSE). Similarly, the AD Model Builder is a high–level software suite is an environment for non-linear statistical modeling, enabling rapid model development, numerical stability, fast and efficient computation, and high accuracy parameter estimates. The ADMB-Project promotes wider application of ADMB to practical fishery problems and assists ADMB users to become more proficient.More efforts in that direction are needed, particularly to enhance the capacity of the developing world to participate, for instance to test the robustness of the simpler, less demanding models.
29 Interactive mapping AQUAMAPS IMAPS Caspian ACCESS Processing Diffusion Rhincodon typusAQUAMAPSIMAPS CaspianInteractive mappingInteractive mapping is rapidly improving. UNEP-WCMC has developed interactive mapping services and IMAPs is an authoritative source of environmental data that can freely be accessed (downloaded if needed) and mapped online to the user requirements. It can be used for environmental impact assessment. A number of thematic or regional applications exist on the WCMC website. This one refers to the Caspian Sea. Aquamaps is another example of the substantial progress made in interactive mapping on the web developed y FishBase and SealifeBase. The facility has been used to generate model-based probability distributions of species based on their ecological requirements and known distribution.Regional data integration is a crucial level of collaboration for the development of any global system and should be a priority for systems development. Such platforms could very usefully improve the work of regional fishery bodies. Indeed fishery management applications seem to be still hard to find. Kaschner, K., J. S. Ready, E. Agbayani, J. Rius, K. Kesner-Reyes, P. D. Eastwood, A. B. South, S. O. Kullander, T. Rees, C. H. Close, R. Watson, D. Pauly, and R. Froese AquaMaps: Predicted range maps for aquatic species. World wide web electronic publication, Version 10/2008.
30 Global diffusion ACCESS Processing Diffusion Goole Oceans is available as a unique publication platform in which large quantities of data can be made available, in the form of images, videos, sound file, connection to specific sites, etc. OBIS and the Census of Marine Life projects are already in Google Oceans. Another important knowledge-federating output is the emerging Encyclopedia of Life.These global platforms should probably be always used in the future to put selected information at disposal of the public.
31 Globefish: Fish Trade Portal ACCESSProcessingDiffusionGlobefish: Fish Trade PortalGlobefish is an international network of regional institutions established by or with the assistance of FAO and specialized in the centralization, processing analysis and distribution of information on fish trade.It is not yet publicly accessible and could perhaps develop a reference data system on fishery products.
32 Information portals ACCESS Processing Diffusion The UN Atlas of the Oceans is a dynamic portal developed by FAO on behalf of its sister UN agencies. It publishes information from all UN agencies dealing with oceans and their partner institutions. OneFish is another fisheries information portal maintained by FAO. Both OneFish and the UN Atlas offer to users the possibility to establish Virtual Offices, i.e. specific sub-websites that can be used of working platform to organize collaboration, WGs etc.Once established, they are maintained at low cost. More focussed portals are needed to support communities of practice, for example on fisheries assessment and management.
33 Thematic groups ACCESS Processing Diffusion Thematic groups Most regional and global projects use thematic portals focussed on their core business. Some are rather specific like the portal of the Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics project (GLOBEC) dealing with the impact of climate change on abundance, diversity and productivity of marine populations. Others are more diversified, like the FAO FishCode project aiming at supporting nerous aspects of the implementation of the Code of Conduct.Such portals are now routinely offered. They are usually static and one-way, with little or no interaction with the users yet.These sites (particularly the institutional ones) should be upgraded as interactive platforms to mobilize the epistemic communities needed for their progress and success.
34 Outline The fishery system The advice & decision process Current situationConclusionsSome brief conclusions
35 A complex decision-support system DemandArenaCo-assessmentOptionsAdvicelCo-implementationPerformances assesmt.DecisionMonitoringNew policyCrisisGood practicesStakeholder participationSci. DisciplinesTrad. knowledgeExtendedknowledgeIn the preceding part of the presentation, I have already stressed a few things that could be done to improve the support of information systems to the fishery community in terms of facilitating the access to data, the data processing, and the diffusion of the results to a broader audience. I will try to be more synthetic here.
36 A complex decision-support system DemandArenaCo-assessmentOptionsAdvicelCo-implementationPerformances assesmt.DecisionMonitoringNew policyCrisisGood practicesStakeholder participationSci. DisciplinesTrad. knowledgeExtendedknowledgeOUTPUTSPROCESSINGINPUTSResources dataLegislationCatch/Fleet dataIntl. AgreementsEnvironment dataStat. softwarePolicies & PlansEconomic dataModelsBest practicesCompliance dataMethodsTrainingCross sectoral dataWGsIn order to function, the recurrent Assessment & Decision process described before needs to use a wide range of input information regarding the resources, catch, fleet and fisherfolks, environment, economic performance, compliance, sectors competing with fisheries for space or resources, available scientific analyses, and non-conventional knowledge. This primary and reference information is processed using various methods and models, sometimes by the lone scientist but often by Working Groups. The process results in a range of outputs such as new legislation, policies and plans, or catalogue of best practices, as well as material for training, education and communication. Indeed a large part of this output is crosschecked and recycled as knowledge input in the successive assessment and decision loops.EducationBibliographyCommunicationInformal knowledge
37 Decision-support system (cont…) Social networksData basesOpen LibrariesKnowledgebasesGlossariesRepositoriesLegislationStat. softwareResources dataIntl. AgreementsModelsCatch/Fleet dataPolicies & PlansMethodsEnvironment dataBest practicesWGsEconomic dataTrainingCompliance dataEducationCross sectoral dataThe wide range of information needed should ideally be organized in data bases, open bibliographic libraries, knowledgebases, glossaries, and information repositories. The scientists should have access to analytical tools such as statistical and modelling software and other assessment tool boxes, etc. and open- source platforms to develop these tools. Facilities are also necessary to organize the assessment-&-Decision working groups, including e-meeting facilities, wikis, catalogues of contacts and expertise, (for joint reporting) and e-training for on-the-job competence-building.We have seen that many of these facilities existed even if they are far from generalized and many more exist than I could show or I ignore. But they tend to be scattered, non-comprehensive, not inter-operable. Most portals are static and weakly interactive if at all with a few nice exceptions. There is a clear need to make more use of social networks if we are to develop communities of practice or, why not, a common global platform for fisheries assessment, advice and management.CommunicationBibliographyInf. knowledgeOpen Source platformse-MeetingsWikisContactse-Training
38 Ideal system properties MultisourceMultipurposeMultidisciplinaryMulticulturalMultilingualMultiple outputsMultiscaleInteractiveInter-operableNestedEvolutiveAuthoritativeAffordableFlexibleBuilding capacityAction-orientedEnd user-orientedEthicalThe ideal properties of future information systems are rather straightforward and I list them here without commenting: Multisource: harvesting data from multiple providers; Multipurpose: for many different types of users; Multidisciplinary: integrating various types of knowledge; Multicultural: for users with different backgrounds; Multilingual:20 languages in FishBase; Multiple outputs: statistics, maps, graphs, briefs, fact sheets; Multiscale: in space and time. Possibility to scale up & down; Interactive: piloted both by users and providers; Inter-operable: federating efforts and data. Based on common standards; Nested: e.g. connecting national, regional ad global systems; Evolutive: adapting to demands; Authoritative: provide verified information. Data traceability. Pedigree; Affordable: low cost; Flexible: allowing on-line processing as well as downloading for offline work; Building capacity: providing training, best practices, etc.; Action oriented: Connected to decision-making; End user-oriented as opposed to technology- or supply-oriented; Ethical: recognises data providers and system developers
39 TO DO list Improved access to authoritative data systems More systematic geo-referencing3-D displaysVisualisation of uncertaintyMore dynamic representationsGoogle Oceans applicationsPlatforms for building atlasesStandardized publication platformsE-trainingThe specific community expectations range from very basic in the developing world to rather sophisticated in the most developed countries. The following selection may be of particular interest to the D4 Science community: Improved access to authoritative, federated regional data systems; generalization of geo-referencing of fishery data, starting by FAO statistics; access to 3-Dimensional displays as depth is essential in oceans; Visualisation of uncertainty, particularly on maps and charts; More dynamic representations; More Google Oceans applications; Platforms for collaborative development of multidisciplinary atlases; Standardized publication platforms; and availability of e-training, particularly for assessment, modelling and management.
40 Fishery Management Knowledge Network D4 Science dream listFishery Management Knowledge NetworkDevelopment of a community of practiceOpen-source modelling platforms for inter-disciplinary, bioeconomic, behavioural and ecosystem models and role gamesPool computing for large model runsA wish that perhaps encapsulates most of the others would be To use IC technology to foster the development of a community of practice around fishery science and management with perhaps many interconnected smaller and more specialized communities around sub-sectors (e.g. artisanal fisheries) or themes (e.g. roles games) Within such effort, to develop open source platforms to accelerate the collaborative development and diffusion of inter-disciplinary; bioeconomic, behavioural, and ecosystem models as well as participatory role games; To develop pool computing for large model runs In 2006, a multidisciplinary sample of fisheries scientists, practitioners, donors and FAO information systems experts under FAO leadership, developed and agreed with the concept of a Fisheries Management Knowledge Network (FIMNET). Perhaps the ultimate wish could be that this platform be really developed?
41 Thank you for your attention Fishery Management Knowledge NetworkThank you for your attention