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1 Fishery science and policy Connecting information and decision Serge M. Garcia D4 Science World User Meeting. FAO Rome 25-26 November 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Fishery science and policy Connecting information and decision Serge M. Garcia D4 Science World User Meeting. FAO Rome 25-26 November 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Fishery science and policy Connecting information and decision Serge M. Garcia D4 Science World User Meeting. FAO Rome November 2009

2 2 Outline 1. The fishery system 2. The advice & decision process 3. Current situation 4. Conclusions Respondents Baran, Eric; Brenton, Bob; Chavance, Pierre; Farmer, Tina; Fulton, Beth; Grainger, Richard; Guitton Jérome; Hall, Martin; Le Fur, Jean; Laloé, Francis; Maguire, Jean-Jacques; Mahon, Robin; OBoyle, Bob; ODor, Ron; Rice, Jake; Sainsbury, Keith; Sibert, John; Sinclair, Michael; Taconet, Marc; Vanden Berghe, Edward; Williams, Meryl; Ye, Yemin

3 3 Outline 1. The fishery system 2. The advice & decision process 3. Current situation 4. Conclusions

4 4 The fishery system Resources Ecosystem Industrial fleet Artisanal Fleet Fish processors Fish traders Fishery research Fishery agency Shipyards Maritime transport Ports Marinas Aquaculture Agriculture Tourism Defence Oil & Gas Cables Pipes Chemical industries Media Banks NGOs Consumers Government Demography Global economy Climate change Int. Instruments Global market

5 5 Complex processes

6 6 Nested scales

7 7 12 coastal ecological realms 19 FAO Main Fishing Areas Overlapping systems of boundaries Longhurst, A.R Ecological geography of the sea2nd Edition. Academic Press 57 open ocean provinces 62 coastal provinces 64 Large Marine Ecosystems SAUP: 160 Exclusive Economic Zones 232 Ecoregions 1km 2km O° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° 60° Latitude Depth Equatorial Epipelagic Central Epipelagic Transitional Epipelagic Subpolar Epipelagic Equatorial- Central mesopelagic Subpolar Mesopalegic Bathypelagic Longhurst, A.R Ecological geography of the sea2nd Edition. Academic Press Equator Poles

8 8 Multiple time units Century: the evolutionary scale of the sector Decade: the scale of natural oscillations Year: base of formal fishery statistics and quota regulations Season: basic biological, fishery & management pattern Trip: often the base of fishery reporting Day: fishery reporting, log books Haul: fishery reporting < hour: VMS recording Continuous: Plankton recorder. Bioborne sensors

9 9 Administration Regulation Lobbying Functions Arenas Public Private A complex governance Regional Councils Fishery Associations Parliament Management Agency Government Fishery Committees Statistics Enterprises Households Fishery Research Traditional rules Taboos Fishing operations Constitution Fisheries Authority Legislation Fishery Chambers NGOs Other stakeholders Other citizens Courts Média Garcia, S.M. & Cochrane, K.L. 2009

10 10 Environmental policy Socio-economic policy Maritime policy Foreign policy Cross-sectoral connections Fishery policy

11 11 Fisheries Market Civil society Science State Global Fisheries Market Civil society Science State Regional Market Civil society Science State Cross-scale connections National Fisheries

12 12 Information requirements INSTITUTIONS Conventions Regulations Financing Organization Process OTHER ACTIVITIES VALUES CLIMATE OTHER ECOSYSTEMS MARKETS FISHING Capture Processing Competition POLICY ABIOTIC Weather Physical habitat Water Contaminants BIOTIC Target species Other species Interactions Living habitat Predators Preys Global change Impacts Fluctuations Survival Working conditions Protection Rehabilitation Protection Restoration Demand Supply Management Development Information Lobbying Behavior Votes Removals Depletion Gear impact Pollution Clues Risks Attraction Habitat Change Source: Garcia et al. 2003

13 13 Policy- makers SCIENTISTS Stakeholders NGOs Advice Data Compliance Regulations Information Objectives Media Public NGOs Courts Pressure Communication Query Info Complaints Evidence Sentences Evidence Participation Modified from Garcia (2005) Communication channels Conventional New Integration Negotiation Coordination

14 14 Outline 1. The fishery system 2. The advice & decision process 3. Current situation 4. Conclusions

15 15 Demand Arena Co-assessment Options Advicel Co-implementation Performances assesmt. Decision Monitoring New policyCrisis Good practices Stakeholder participation Sci. Disciplines Trad. knowledge Extended knowledge Integrated decision process

16 16 Integrating: Relevant disciplines Science and other knowledge Facts, values and perceptions Quantitative and qualitative analyses Science and negotiation processes Knowledge and sectoral policies Development and management Sectoral policies in a given area Sectoral policies and societal demand Integrating information Environment Development Societal demand ScienceOther knowledge Facts Perceptions Values Quantitative & quantitative analyses Fishing Coastal zones Sectoral policies

17 17 Outline 1. The fishery system 2. The advice & decision process 3. Current situation 4. Conclusions

18 18 Catalogues of expertise ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

19 19 Bibliographic records ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

20 20 Ocean bathymetry WWW. VIRTUALOCEAN.ORG ACCESS

21 21 Hydroclimatic data ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

22 22 Biological information ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

23 23 Biodiversity information ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

24 24 Migration and environmental data ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

25 25 Fishery statistics ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

26 26 Regional fisheries monitoring

27 27 Information on stocks & Fisheries ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

28 28 Processing platforms ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

29 29 Interactive mapping ACCESSProcessingDiffusion IMAPS Caspian Rhincodon typus AQUAMAPS

30 30 Global diffusion ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

31 31 Globefish: Fish Trade Portal ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

32 32 Information portals ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

33 33 Thematic groups ACCESSProcessingDiffusion

34 34 Outline 1. The fishery system 2. The advice & decision process 3. Current situation 4. Conclusions

35 35 Demand Arena Co-assessment Options Advicel Co-implementation Performances assesmt. Decision Monitoring New policyCrisis Good practices Stakeholder participation Sci. Disciplines Trad. knowledge Extended knowledge A complex decision-support system

36 36 Demand Arena Co-assessment Options Advicel Co-implementation Performances assesmt. Decision Monitoring New policyCrisis Good practices Stakeholder participation Sci. Disciplines Trad. knowledge Extended knowledge A complex decision-support system Informal knowledge Best practices Resources data Environment data Communication Legislation Cross sectoral data Catch/Fleet data Economic data Intl. Agreements Policies & Plans Education Training Compliance data Bibliography INPUTSPROCESSINGOUTPUTS Methods Models Stat. software WGs

37 37 Social networks Decision-support system (cont…) Best practices Communication Legislation Intl. Agreements Policies & Plans Education Training Inf. knowledge Resources data Environment data Cross sectoral data Catch/Fleet data Economic data Compliance data Bibliography Methods Models Stat. software WGs Open Libraries Repositories Data bases Wikise-Meetings Contacts Open Source platforms e-Training Knowledge bases Glossaries

38 38 Ideal system properties Nested Evolutive Authoritative Affordable Flexible Building capacity Action-oriented End user-oriented Ethical Multisource Multipurpose Multidisciplinary Multicultural Multilingual Multiple outputs Multiscale Interactive Inter-operable

39 39 TO DO list Improved access to authoritative data systems More systematic geo-referencing 3-D displays Visualisation of uncertainty More dynamic representations Google Oceans applications Platforms for building atlases Standardized publication platforms E-training

40 40 Development of a community of practice Open-source modelling platforms for inter- disciplinary, bioeconomic, behavioural and ecosystem models and role games Pool computing for large model runs D4 Science dream list Fishery Management Knowledge Network

41 Thank you for your attention

42 42


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