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EFC standardisation - background

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Presentation on theme: "EFC standardisation - background"— Presentation transcript:

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Developments in Standardisation for Road Pricing GINA Workshop - 9 June 2011 Jesper Engdahl Convenor of CEN/TC278/WG1 on Electronic Fee Collection projectnumber / date / initials / filename

1 EFC standardisation - background
presentation / project / client ... EFC standardisation - background What is a standard? A document approved by recognized body (CEN, ISO etc) Voluntary in application Intended for repeated use Benefits – support for agreements Interoperability of products and services Open and competitive market development Standards are more stable and enjoy broader market acceptance than project / industry specifications GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

2 What support do EFC standards bring?
presentation / project / client ... What support do EFC standards bring? Technical tool-box standards Necessary but not sufficient basis for compatibility Why? Changing requirements, evolving or changing technology, lack of experiences, lack of common view Interoperable application profile (“IAP”) standards Coherent selection of choices in underlying base standards – sufficient basis for compatibility Based on common policies and services agreed/defined by stakeholders Test standards Assessment of conformity to specification Maintenance of standards Technical tool-box standards Necessary but not sufficient basis for compatibility Why? Changing requirements, evolving or changing technology, lack of experiences, lack of common view Ex. ”AID for DSRC 14906” and ”AID for satellite systems /4” Interoperable application profile (“IAP”) standards Coherent selection of choices in underlying base standards – sufficient basis for compatibility Based on common policies and services agreed/defined by stakeholders Ex. ”IAP for DSRC 15509” Test standards Support for assessment of conformity to specification ex. for “IAP DSRC testing /2” GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

3 Overview – EFC related standards
presentation / project / client ... Overview – EFC related standards Architecture & technology independent System architecture, information exchange, security guidelines, charging performance, non-metallised windscreen aperture Dedicated short-range communication (DSRC)-based EFC DSRC, application data, functions, security and tests Autonomous EFC Charging, communication, update, roaming, compliance checking and localisation support GPS Tech independent: architecture, terminology, data definitions, security guidelines, charging performance metrics and examination framework, pre-payment, personalisation and mounting of first mount OBE, value added services based on EFC OBE DSRC: data and protocols, test standards, interoperability application profile concept (for DSRC-based Electronic Fee Collection applications). Autonomous: data and protocols, test standards, interoperability application profile concept for autonomous Electronic Fee Collection applications, compliance checking augmentation,localisation augmentation. Integrated circuit cards Options within contact card standards suite; performance & platform for compatibility GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

4 Architecture & technology independent - status
presentation / project / client ... Architecture & technology independent - status 7 standards ISO 17573, FprEN ISO FDIS 12855, TR 16092, TR 16152, TR 16040, TR 16219, TS 17574 Need for more work on technical standards? Security Framework - ongoing Test standards for Information exchange (12855)? Profiles for Information exchange? Other needs? Consensus processes between stakeholders Contractual agreements, experiences GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

5 DSRC-based EFC - status
presentation / project / client ... DSRC-based EFC - status 6 standards EN ISO 14906, TS /2, EN 15509, EN /2 Need for more work on technical standards? Security Framework – ongoing Charging performance – started Overall Most standardisation work is done Other needs? Integration of the Italian DSRC (not a task for CEN) Back-office exchange GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

6 Autonomous EFC - status
presentation / project / client ... Autonomous EFC - status 18 standards TS /2/3/4, TS /2, TS /2, TS /2, TS /2, TS 12813, TS /2, TS 13141, TS /2 Need for more work on technical standards? Interoperability application profiles - ongoing Security Framework - ongoing Charging performance – started Other needs? Consensus processes between stakeholders Overall Set of base standards finalised Need to update the first editions based on experiences from the field GPS toll domain statements, GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

7 EFC application standards overview
presentation / project / client ... EFC application standards overview Autonomous-EFC Tests DSRC-based EFC Requirements EFC-tech. independent Requirements Tests Frameworks Test Procedures 17573 EFC Architecture 17574 Security Profiles Security framework Toolboxes DSRC-OBU Tests 14906 AID for DSRC-EFC 12855 Info Exchange /2/3/4 AID Auto.-EFC XXXXX 17575-Test 25110 AID, IC-cards Charging performance Secure monitoring / Trusted recorder Profiles /2 IAP Test 15509 IAP for DSRC-EFC IAP for Auto-EFC 12813 CCC for Auto-EFC (/2) CCC Test 13141 LAC for Auto-EFC (/2) LAC Test Technical Reports TR 16040 Urban DSRC systems TR First Mount OBE TR 16092 Pre-Paid Req. TR Value Added Serv. GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

8 EFC standards and the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS)
presentation / project / client ... EFC standards and the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) Not the same scope EETS is a single service EFC standards support broader technical needs EFC standardisation supports the EETS by providing technical building blocks… … but does not have the task to deliver ”turn key” standards for the EETS ... this is up to the owner of the EETS non-technical aspects are outside the scope of CEN Legislators decide on the legal status of standards; EN “IAP for DSRC” is part of the EETS EC’s Application Guide refers to the EFC standards - not legally binding The EETS is a single service, whereas CEN covers all possible EFC services CEN provides EFC standards for its stakeholders – many different EFC services EETS owner is in charge of the policies and operational issues, which form a basis for standards development EFC standards support for the EETS EETS : “IAP for DSRC” (EN 15509) Relevant reqs standards : Autonomous EFC /4, CCC, LAC .. Conformity assessment : use CEN and ETSI test standards? EETS maintenance by “Coordination Group” : support from CEN? Future standards under preparation GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

9 EFC standards - Summary
presentation / project / client ... EFC standards - Summary Comprehensive set of EFC standards 21 published 9 subject to final approval Broad market acceptance DSRC-based EFC: used in more than 40 countries, 140 systems, 50 mio vehicles… Autonomous EFC: market under development Systematic review of published standards Incorporation of lessons learnt and technology advancement ...relevant in particular for the autonomous EFC standards GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

10 Want to know more or participate?
presentation / project / client ... Want to know more or participate? Coordination of EFC standardisation : CEN/TC278/WG1 Jesper Engdahl, WG1 Convenor Rapp Trans AG Phone Johan Hedin, WG1 Secretary Hybris Konsult AB Phone: GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

11 Is there a need for additional EFC standardisation?
presentation / project / client ... Is there a need for additional EFC standardisation? CEN continues to support the European Electronic Toll Service Under preparation IAP for autonomous systems (H2/2011) Charging performance metrics (H2/2012) Security framework (ditto) Loose ideas for future standardisation Secure monitoring and trusted recorder Suitability for use testing support EFC application on a cooperative ITS station platform ... but also broader stakeholder needs – what are your needs? Miscellaneous test standards for IAP for autonomous systems, security framework ... GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

12 EETS and EFC standards EC co-financed work programme largely delivered
14 published 10 subject to formal vote – “Info exchange” and 9 test standards – publication expected by H2 / 2011 3 on-going – publication expected by H2/2012 27 CEN standards support the interface definitions of the EETS DSRC-based (6 standards) Autonomous systems (18 standards) Technology independent (3 standards) EETS SP EETS TC Interface 1 DSRC charging data (EN /2) Compliance checking (TS /2) Localisation augmentation (TS /2) Interface 3 Toll declaration data, invoicing, exception handling, black lists and toll context data (prEN ISO 12855) GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011

13 Reflections on challenges for the EETS
presentation / project / client ... Reflections on challenges for the EETS Governance : ownership and management of the service Business case (EETS Service providers ...) Scalability and complexity Toll domain statements & Toll Chargers’ requirements Service level agreements ... Conformity to specifications and suitability for use Conformity to specifications : harmonization between Member States? Suitability for use : harmonization between Toll Chargers? A golden common test bench could accelerate this process? Incl change request and control procedures EETS Mid-term review report Work Work plan for establishing an EETS Specification being discussed in the Stockholm group GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

14 Overall programme of PTs
presentation / project / client ... Overall programme of PTs 12 PTs – 26 main deliverables 3 European standards (ENs) 19 Technical specifications (TS) 4 Technical reports (TRs) 4 PTs finished their tasks 8 PTs active, 4 PTs recently launched - awaited progress on the autonomous reqs suite Main deliverables – achievements to date DSRC : 1 EN approved Autonomous : 4 TS published/approved Submitted for formal vote : 4 TS, 2 TR All works started, some are in an advanced stage GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

15 Recent progress highlights (1)
presentation / project / client ... Recent progress highlights (1) Interoperable application profile (IAP) for CEN DSRC Testing standards ( /2): Support for conformity evaluation and notified bodies Part 1 Test suite structure and test purposes – “human readable part”: approved Part 2 Abstract test suite – “machine readable part”: 5 months enquiry completed Application interface definition for autonomous systems (17575) Part 1 “Charging” & Part 2 “Communication” : approved Part 3 “Update” & Part 4 “Roaming” : submitted for formal vote Testing – 2 WIs approved, 2 NWI proposals subject to approval; 4 draft NWI proposals GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

16 Recent progress highlights (2)
presentation / project / client ... Recent progress highlights (2) OBE localization augmentation ( /2) Means to improve accuracy and availability Requirements (13141) – approved Testing Part 1 ( ) – submitted for formal vote Information exchange between Service provision and Toll charging (12855) Charging data, black / hot list, report billing details, claim for service usage, enforcement related data Subject to 5 months CEN enquiry Compliance checking communication ( /2) Use : OBE in correct vehicle, vehicle data and OBE operational status Scope: DSRC compliance initialization and interrogation model; functions, data and security Requirements (12813) published Testing Part 1 ( ) – submitted for formal vote Testing Part 2 ( ) – TC review completed GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

17 Team of EFC standardisation experts
presentation / project / client ... Team of EFC standardisation experts GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

18 Different approaches to the solution
presentation / project / client ... Different approaches to the solution The EETS is basically ”top-down”: EFC Directive Commission decision National legislation Defining contracts and procedures Service details How can we meet in the middle for a working solution for the EETS? 4. Profile standards 3. Application/toolbox standards 2. Framework standards 1. Communication standards EFC standardisation is more ”bottom-up”: GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

19 What parts are missing for the EETS?
presentation / project / client ... What parts are missing for the EETS? Well… it depends on what the EETS-specification will look like… Missing parts: A “full” service description Conformity evaluation Security solution (overall, architecture, privacy) Security tools (specific solutions, choices, access rules, etc) Profile for Autonomous EFC Profile for back-office information flows KPI – performance requirements More? GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 projectnumber / date / initials / filename

20 Charging performance metrics and examination framework (1)
Objective Metrics for measuring charging performance in order to define acceptable level of errors for charging Methods to ensure repeatability and comparability of test results Scope Focused on GNSS-EFC methods, but parts are applicable also to DSRC/RFID (NFC-class) -based EFC systems Representative of all potential road charging schemes as identified for EETS in CEN ISO/TS 17575 Charging performance, not positioning performance or interface and other technical properties Independent of system design and internal OBE architecture GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011

21 Charging performance metrics and examination framework (2)
Rationale Address and formalize performance requirements definition and metrics - Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) Reliable and measurable charging is fundamental for Service level agreements System and vendor-independent (blind) evaluation capability Protect and support the interests of stakeholders, specifically road users and toll chargers and by extension toll authorities Policy relevance and market impact EETS providers and acquirers need performance guidelines. Key performance metrics are critical to trade in any market. E.g. vendors will have guidance for performance specifications, product standardization, and a possibility to commercialize the same products for multiple applications. GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011

22 Charging performance metrics and examination framework (3)
Relation to other standards / specs / projects Relates to the charging performance of OBE and PROXY of CEN ISO/TS 17575 EC projects: M/415 CEN BT 202 GSA managed 6th and 7th FP projects (e.g. GIROADS) Expert Group 9 working to support the EC re Directive 2004/52/EC GMAR initiative (www.gmaruc.com) Time table Draft standard one year from inception draft Approved standard within two years Resources required 4-person team with about 120 man days (+ travel allowance) and contributions in kind by WG members GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011

23 EFC Security Framework (1)
presentation / project / client ... presentation / project / client ... EFC Security Framework (1) Objective Security framework required for interoperability between EFC systems, e.g. the EETS Scope Threat analysis for all relevant EFC assets Security measures on different levels to address the identified threats A trust model supporting an effective implementation of the security measures Complements the EFC standards suite where necessary to deliver missing security implementations on the interoperability interfaces. This will be supplemented by cryptographic key management procedures. Supports privacy-enabled implementations of EFC schemes Parallel CD ballot (comments only) completed on Comments received from Japan, Netherlands, Spain and UK GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 2 23 projectnumber / date / initials / filename projectnumber / date / initials / filename

24 presentation / project / client ...
EFC Security Framework (2) Rationale Framework to ensure the trust of all stakeholders in the scheme and to protect the assets (incl data) against external or internal attacks or any intended or unintended non-compliant activity The security framework provides the necessary security elements which allow an effective implementation of the trust model and relevant security measures Privacy-enables EFC solutions rely on the implementation of a proper security framework which provides basic security services like confidentiality, integrity, authenticity and non-repudiation Complement existing standards with an overall framework, including cryptographic key management procedures. Policy relevance and market impact Relevant for defining a security policy for European EFC systems and the European Electronic Toll Service The CESARE IV project identified in its report 3.2 the missing security framework to be a critical item on the road map towards EETS Foster development and deployment of EFC security services suitable for an open multi-operator environment Parallel CD ballot (comments only) completed on Comments received from Japan, Netherlands, Spain and UK GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 2 24 projectnumber / date / initials / filename projectnumber / date / initials / filename

25 presentation / project / client ...
EFC Security Framework (3) Relation to other standards / specs / projects Complements the EFC standards (published and underway) Takes into account the results from EC projects Road Charging Interoperability (RCI) Cesare IV Expert Group 12 of the Toll Committee of the EC Time table Draft for final vote 1 year from inception draft Resources required 4-person team with a total of 120 man days (+ travel allowance) and contributions in kind by WG members prEN ISO “System architecture” CEN ISO/TS “Guidelines for security protection profiles” prEN ISO “Information exchange between service provision and toll charging” CEN ISO/TS “CCC” CEN ISO/TS “LAC” EN “IAP for DSRC“ / EN ISO “AID for DSRC” CEN ISO/TS /4 “AID for autonomous systems” GINA workshop, Lyon, 9 June 2011 2 25 projectnumber / date / initials / filename projectnumber / date / initials / filename


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