4 Cohesion Policy 2007-13 Cohesion Policy 07-13 European Regional (€ 348 billion)European RegionalDevelopment Fund(ERDF)Cohesion FundEuropean Social Fund(ESF)DG REGIODG EMPLOYMENT
5 Investments into 'environment' in 2007-13 Cohesion Policy € 105 billion for the environment over€ 54 B on 'environmental services': waste & water management, nature & biodiversity protection, risk prevention€ 48 B on 'low-carbon': clean transport, energy efficiency & renewables€ 3 B on eco-innovation in SMEs30% of total available funding
6 InvestmentsNature protection & biodiversity seen through the concept of ‘ecosystem services’Direct support to nature/biodiversity (including Natura 2000) :€ 3,9 billion (promotion of biodiversity and natural assets and nature protection)Indirect support to nature/biodiversity:€ billion (waste water treatment, rehabilitation of contaminated sites, natural risk prevention)This amount is leveraged by national contributions!
8 Biodiversity in the proposal for the 2014-2020 cohesion policy
9 Cohesion policy 2014-20: mission & goals Adoption of EC proposal on 06/10/2010 COM(2011) 615Mission:reduce disparities between Europe's regions strengthening economic, social and terrritorial cohesioncontribute to the Union Strategy of smart, sustainable and inclusive growthGoals:Investment for growth and jobsEuropean Territorial cooperation
10 Thematic objectivesAmong the 11 thematic objectives, 3 on sustainable growth:Supporting the shift towards a low-carbon economy in all sectors (Thematic Objective Nr 4)Promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management (Thematic Objective Nr 5)Protecting the environment and promoting resource efficiency (Thematic Objective Nr 6)For every thematic objective there’s a list of investment priorities which set the aims for intervention
11 Thematic concentration Minimum share of ERDF investments on:shift towards a low carbon economyresearch & innovationcompetitiveness of SMEsLess developed regionsMore developed & transition regions80%20%50%6%
12 Proposal for the 2014-2020 CP regulation ERDF Investment Priority on:"protecting biodiversity, soil protection and promoting ecosystem services including NATURA 2000 and green infrastructures;"action to improve the urban environment, including regeneration of brownfield sites and reduction of air pollution";Cohesion Fund Investment Priority on:"protecting and restoring biodiversity, including through green infrastructures""improving the urban environment, including regeneration of brownfield sites and reduction of air pollutionDifferences between scope of ERDF vs. CF on:Natura 2000 (not in CF)Soil protection (not in CF)Restoring biodiversity (not in ERDF)
13 Common Strategic Framework Key targets and objectives of all the CSF Funds (ERDF, EAFRD, Cohesion Fund, EMFF, ESF)Key actions for each for each CSF Fund: identify those key actions with the greatest impact on growth and jobsGeneral implementation principles of the CSF FundsFacilitate the development of Partnership Contracts & OP'sCloser coordination of CSF funds to achieve simplification & increased synergies among funds
14 Common Strategic Framework Investments in biodiversity & ecosystem servicesInvestments in green infrastructureInvestment in Natura 2000Coastal protectionRisk preventionPrioritised Action FrameworkWater retention, wetlands…Soil protectionFinancial instruments
15 Community led local development (CLLD) New possibility in cohesion policyHave an integrated bottom-up approach & ensure involvement of local communitiesIntegrated, multi-sectoral & area-based local developmentLed by local action groups (public & private local socio- economic interests): design & implement local development strategiesPotentially good instrument for 'biodiversity type' projects/programmesMS need to 'select' it in the Partnership Agreement
16 Innovation for sustainable growth with the 2014-2020 cohesion policy Photo credit: Kheng Guan Toh
17 Cohesion Policy funding for R&I Cohesion Policy innovation support over total aid:4% in 89’-93’7% in 94’-99’11% in 00’-06’25% in 07’-13’
18 Areas of investments in innovations Invest in innovation for:Water efficiency, water recyclingDevelopment & deployment of monitoring systems in:Biodiversity (bio-indicators…)Air quality…Ecosystem services, Payment for Ecosystem Services…Geographic & Environmental information systems (GMES – Inspire Directive)Resource efficiencyEco-innovations in companies/SMEs
19 Sustainable Urban Development Support integrated actions to tackle the economic, environmental, climate and social challenges affecting urban areasERDF = increased focus on sustainable urban development:to be achieved through earmarking of a minimum of 5% of national ERDF resources for SUDIntegrate biodiversity/nature aspects in sustainable urban development programmes/plans
20 Strategic programming Thematic objectives contribute to EU 2020Translates objectives and targets of EU 2020 into key actionsAlignment with EU 2020: evaluation, results expected, indicative allocation by thematic objectiveStrategy consistent with CSF, thematic objectives, investment priorities, etc.RegulationsProposed by CommissionCommission delegated actPrepared by MS in dialogue with Commission, approval if Commission observations taken into accountDrawn up by MS in cooperation with partnersMS, except major projects, where documentation submitted to Commission, approval neededCommon StrategicFrameworkIncreasing MS competencePartnershipContractOperational ProgrammesProjects
22 Geographic information system in Caribbean's CARIBSAT: Caribbean Satellite Environmental Information System (www.caribstat.com)Launched in 2009 for 2 years - € 2.8 Million with € 1.9 Million ERDF - Lead Partner: Centre IRD Martinique-CaraïbesInternational partnership with public bodies, universities, research organisationsDevelop instrument to monitor the environment in the Lesser Antilles based on an online geographic atlas supplied by satellite images, ground environmental data & hydro-meteorological reportsTargeted on preservation of the biodiversity in land and sea, the management of the natural risks & impact of climate change
23 Azorean Biodiversity Portal ERDF co-financed development of a unique IT based information system on biodiversity in the Azores islands,Resource for fundamental research in biodiversity, education and conservation managementProvides an original platform for bio-geographical and macro-ecological research on islandsSpecies database comprised of spatial grid-based (500x500 m) presence-absence information for ca speciesMany species are also accompanied by images from collections and/or live specimen
24 Research on Biodiversity in Canarias Islands Centre for research in biodiversity & environmentUniversity of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria – 3 research groups to improve knowledge & management of natural areas in Canarias -Creation of a biodiversity data bank
25 Water retention in forests in PL Improving the surface water resources, soil and groundwaterRe-naturisation of watercourses and wetlandsAligning and slowing water runoff during flood events (flood retention)Minimizing the risk and preventing droughts
26 Small scale water retention in lowlands Est.Investment:ca. 50 M EUR (ca. 34,2 M by Cohesion Fund)Number of structures:over 3000Water Storage Capacity:over 31 million m3 (including storage of groundwater)Small scale water retention in mountain areasEst.Investment:ca. 43 M EUR (ca. 30 M by Cohesion Fund)Number of structures:over 3500Water Storage Capacity:over 1,2 million m3 without storage of groundwater26
27 Green Infrastructure (eco-corridors) in FR Build a regional network of preserved areas based on ecological corridors (Green & Blue corridors)Deployment of territorial contracts on ‘biological corridors’Extensive work with local actors / municipalities / associations / environment and water authoritiesInvestments in eco-bridges, restoration of wetlands, trainings in schools and municipalities…Planned costs over 5 years : € 3.6 million with 1.28 million ERDF.
28 ConclusionsFunding still available to invest in biodiversity through current Cohesion Policy in the next years (actual spending of current Cohesion Policy until 2015)!’Future Cohesion Policy provides clear support to biodiversity, Natura 2000 & Green InfrastructurePrepare now the post-2013 period!