5 Child's population in Ukraine on 01.01. 2012 0-18 years personsto 3 years personsIndexes of child's disability in 2012to 3 about persons, 83,2 per 10 mln3-6 years – persons, 179,6 per 10 mlnStructure of primary disabilityІ place are innate anomalies and chromosome violations – 29,1%;ІІ place are illnesses of the nervous system – 18,2%ІІІ place are violations of psyche and conduct – 14,0%
7 THE WAY OF FAMILY WITH A CHILD WITH SPECIAL NEEDS THROUGH THE SYSTEM OF SERVICESGenetic comissionMaternity hospitalOut on the house or in the neonatal pathologyPsychological-Medical-Pedagogical comissionPediatric area (district polyclinics)VKK- comissionPsycho-neurological dispensary, psychiatric clinic
8 RESEARCH DATAParents of children with special needs are not able to get enough information about:rehabilitation and adaptation (53%),education (47%),about the treatment (35%),socialization (28%).
9 RESEARCH DATA41% of parents considers that services don’t take into account their individual needs.
10 RESEARCH DATA22% of parents answered that they were given recommendation to put a child into boarding-school of the closed type.According to UNICEF the risk of institualization for disabled children is 40 times higher than for children without disabilities.
11 Difficulties: Medical help The need of adequate, modern, truthful information is needed in maternity hospitals.The difficulty of functional diagnostics (no special recommended screening methods for children, especially under 3 years old).Delayed information of treatment and correctional work (it is often recommended by medical specialists to wait till 3 years old).Difficulties of traveling and examination of children from the rural areas.Different approach to the diagnostics: parents who apply to multiple services, receive different diagnoses and different approaches to treatment.Due to the lack of an comprehensive multidisciplinary approach, it is difficult to choose an effective rehabilitation program for children with special needs. Parents often have to search for the information themselves.
12 Difficulties: Education Insufficient number of specialized child educational institutions for children with special needs.Lack of experience in organizing inclusive groups in preschool institutions.Although there is a legal framework, there is no experience of organizing inclusive classes and there are no experts who can work in classes with children with development difficulties.Education in special schools gives children the opportunity to get a profession, but there is no way to apply their skills in practical life. It leads to another problem, the problem of further employment of children with special needs.Features = needs