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The Vienna Declaration and its Implications on Integrating Informal Settlements into Urban Tissue Workshop Group 2: Urban Integration of Informal Settlements.

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Presentation on theme: "The Vienna Declaration and its Implications on Integrating Informal Settlements into Urban Tissue Workshop Group 2: Urban Integration of Informal Settlements."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Vienna Declaration and its Implications on Integrating Informal Settlements into Urban Tissue Workshop Group 2: Urban Integration of Informal Settlements in SEE Bucharest, 13. Dec NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger

2 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger2 Characteristics of Informal Settlements I External events, as international conflicts, etc. Socially driven reasons Insufficient governance Absence of adequate legal framework & law enforcement Poor land management/Centralized decision making Main Causes

3 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger3 Characteristics of Informal Settlements II None or most insufficient municipal services Bad access Inadequate environmental & living conditions Low profile / informal economy Lack of property titles / insecure land-tenure Limited participation of citizens in the decision-making process and development Main Effects

4 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger4 Why Legalizing Informal Settlements? Avoidance of social hardships Safeguarding national economic assets Bringing the informal housing stock to the estate market Securing equal rights for the citizens Providing supply and avoiding hazards Enabling dev. of economic structures

5 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger5 What Implies Legalization of Informal Settlements? Provision of an appropriate legal framework Securing & safeguarding housing Strengthening of local self-government Administrative, physical, social & economic integration Preventing housing & environment hazards Participation of citizens in rights and duties of local life

6 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger6 Informal Settlement Past: Repair Future: Prevent Rehabilitate Functional Deficiencies Rehabilitate Physical Deficiencies Establish local Initiative Draft law on Legalization Rehabilitation / Redevelopment - Assess Hazards - Assess Safety Risks Dev. Adequate Form of Ownership Rights Supply physical Infrastructure Supply social Infrastructure Establish Housing Credit Programmes Evaluate Cost Structure Spatial Integration into Urban Tissue Development of economic Infrastructure Improvement of Environment Establish & Realize economic Promotion Programme Introduce legal Framework incl. Building Code & Planning Law Establish Monitoring & Enforcement System Provide Set of legal binding urban Plans Establish Housing Strategy, Policy, Programmes Capacity building/ Transparent system of issuing permits Approach for Integrated Legalization of Informal Settlements

7 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger7 Tentative Strategies Develop fact-based visions Go for low-cost & short-termed solutions Increase deregulation Strive for integrated solutions Promote active and passive participation of affected citizens Planning in feasible dimensions

8 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger8 Role of NALAS in the Legalization Process I Dissemination of best practice through Knowledge Center and advisory services Info forum on location of informal settlements by quality and quantity Info forum on legal set-up and analysis in the member countries Assistance in harmonization of legal framework among the member countries

9 13. Dec. 2007NALAS/GTZ, Mathias Ellger9 Role of NALAS in the Legalization Process II Advisory to international donors Important Role in decision making bodies Info on & analysis of ongoing and finalized projects Implementation of two pilot projects for integrated legalization of informal settlements Introduction of New Way of Thinking, incl. deregulation, participation, informal approach


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