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1 Production of high quality fertilizer from poultry manure for low input agriculture Alice DallAra - ENEA UTTMATF Faenza, Italy Workshop – Organic Waste.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Production of high quality fertilizer from poultry manure for low input agriculture Alice DallAra - ENEA UTTMATF Faenza, Italy Workshop – Organic Waste."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Production of high quality fertilizer from poultry manure for low input agriculture Alice DallAra - ENEA UTTMATF Faenza, Italy Workshop – Organic Waste and Biomass material and energy source of the future IFAT 2010 Munchen, September 17 th 2010

2 2 The final product VAP POULTRY MANURE HIGH QUALITY FERTILIZER Dimensions Aggregate Grain 5-6 mm Subgrains < 0,5 mm It is a mature and dry poultry manure, biostabilized and it has no consequences in case of overdose.

3 3 The final product 2 Water content optimum 30% range % Total organic carbon range %DM Total Nitrogen optimum >3% range 2,5-4% Total P 2 O 5 optimum >2,5% range 2,5-4% avalaibility an innovative organic fertilizer obtained recycling waste which could partially substitute mineral fertilizer (i.e. urea and superphosphates)

4 4 Italian law on fertilizers (2010) -- Organic NP FERTILIZER DRIED POULTRY MANURE (concime)N > 2% P 2 O 5 >2% N + P 2 O 5 5% -- NATURAL ORGANIC AMENDMENT POULTRY DUNG C 30% DM H 2 0 < 30% Organic Fertilizer in agreement with Italian law

5 5 The treatment 1 DEJECTION VAP high quality fertilizer Bioreactor Pile/big bag Dejection collectionMDS Manure Drying System A process of maturing and stabilizing biomasses under reduction of smelling emissions, EP , 2002, by AMEK (Ferrara, Italy) and CTI (Imola, Italy) Final fertilizer

6 6 The treatment 2 pile

7 7 The treatment 3 Big bag

8 8 The treatment 4 – how apply VAP Handmade or semiautomatic VAP Vegetable Active Principles A complex enzymatic mixture obtained from vegetal raw materials processing, according to EP

9 9 Time and process 120 days. A process of maturing and stabilizing biomasses under reduction of smelling emissions, EP , 2002 Bioreactor Pile/big bag Microaerophilic conditions Batch static process

10 10 Results 1 Nitrogen less available for leakage, surface and deep water

11 11 Results 2 Age (Days) mS/cm) EC (mS/cm) ± ± ± ± salinity Electric conductivity (connected to salinity) increases, reach a maximum and later get below initial value High field capacity in treated soil

12 12 X-ray diffraction Phase identification for PM samples turned out the presence of Calcite (CaCO3) and a partial presence of Struvite (NH4)MgPO4 x 6H2O = a complex compound containing N and P)

13 13 TG/DTA measurements for SI40 - PM sample Thermogravimetric analysis

14 14 Chemical Analyses ParameterSoil n. 1 Soil 1 + VAP fertilizer TOC (%)0,4731,062 TN (%)0,1130,25 C/N4,184,25 Total (mg kg-1)P K Available (mg kg-1)P4,37121 K pH7,257,6 S/cm E.C meq/100g21,727,6 Results agriculture 2

15 15 Environmental performances 1000 t of final fertilizer in comparison with mineral fertilizers (the same nutrients) afford: Emisssion reduction t CO 2,eq Emisssion reduction t CO 2,eq Water Saving m 3 Water Saving m 3 Energy Saving - 80% Environmental performances and Use of resources

16 16 European Project FERPODE CIP Eco-Innovation 2008 Pilot and market replication projects FERPODE FERPODE coordinator: Amek s.c.r.l. patners: Italian and Spanish SMEs VAP poultry manure OBIECTIVE: to place on the market a new high quality organic fertilizer obtained by the combined use of: - poultry dejection, Laying Hens Manure (LHM), - Vegetable Active Principles (VAP). process is sustainable (matter recovery, waste prevention, low environmental impact) and final product (special poultry manure) is environmentally friendly

17 17 EU patent A process of maturing and stabilizing biomasses under reduction of smelling emissions Amek (Ferrara) e CTI (Imola) PRODUCTION ON FARM: Transport km 0 maximum distance : km No pellets Bulk or big bag Short chain FERPODE PROJECT strategy

18 18 Poultry dejections are: Very rich in nutrients, in comparison with dung, Has almost as much organic matter as a compost. (source EUROSTAT) ~ 60 millions laying hen (LH) in Italy ~ 500 millions laying hen in Europe t/y of LH manure in Italy t/y of LH manure in Europe FERPODE PROJECT

19 19 FERPODE PROJECT Animal by-products High quality fertilizer for sustainable agriculture Reduced salinity N slow release Water and energy saving VAP from vegetables (no food) Fertilizer for soils and plants

20 20 Thank you for your time

21 21 MIDA Manure hygIenisation Development and Application The project

22 22 Dimostrare efficacia tecnica del trattamento di stabilizzazione ed igienizzazione pollina (Reg. (CE) n. 208/06) e definire parametri standardizzati per la produzione del fertilizzante a base di pollina, che consentano di: massimizzare il contenuto di N, P, C; massimizzare il contenuto di N, P, C; minimizzare la salinità; minimizzare la salinità; minimizzare i rischi biologici (patogeni). minimizzare i rischi biologici (patogeni).


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