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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere, potere, and volere have special meanings in the present and past conditional tenses.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-2 As you learned in Strutture 8B.1, present conditional forms are often used to soften the force of a request or suggestion. These forms are commonly used with dovere, potere, and volere. Vorrei un caffè, per piacere. I would like a coffee, please. Tina, potresti aiutarmi? Tina, could you help me?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-3 The conditional of dovere can be expressed with should or ought to in English. Its meaning is slightly less forceful than the present indicative, which implies duty or obligation. Dovreste fare la fila. You should wait in line. Dovete fare la fila. You must wait in line.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-4 When used in the past conditional, dovere is equivalent to should have or ought to have in English. Ragazzi, avreste dovuto aspettare due ore? Guys, should you have waited two hours? Avremmo dovuto fare la fila. Adesso non ci sono più biglietti! We should have waited in line. Now there are no more tickets!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-5 Potremmo fare il ponte? Could we take a long weekend? Possiamo fare il ponte? Can we take a long weekend? The present conditional of potere means could or might, in contrast to the present indicative can or may.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-6 Avremmo potuto fare il ponte! Perché siamo venuti al lavoro? We could have taken a long weekend! Why did we come to work? Non avreste potuto conoscere il nuovo capo. È arrivato oggi. You couldnt have met the new boss. He arrived today. When used in the past conditional, potere is equivalent to could have in English.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-7 Vorrei fare una crociera. I would like to go on a cruise. Voglio fare una crociera. I want to go on a cruise. The present conditional of volere means would like, in contrast to the more direct want of the present indicative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-8 Avrei voluto fare una crociera, ma invece sono andata in montagna. I would have liked to go on a cruise, but I went to the mountains instead. I miei amici non avrebbero voluto fare la crociera con me. My friends would not have liked to go on the cruise with me. When used in the past conditional, volere is equivalent to would have liked in English.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-9 Signorina, avrebbe voluto visitare i monumenti? Miss, would you have liked to visit the monuments? Sarebbero potuti andare in città, ma sono andati in spiaggia. They could have gone to the city, but they went to the beach. As in the passato prossimo, the choice of whether to use essere or avere with dovere, potere, and volere in the past conditional should be determined by the infinitive that follows it, although the use of avere in all cases is becoming more common. Use avere if there is no infinitive at all.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-10 Condizionale presente: 1. io 2. tu 3. Lei/lui/lei 4. noi 5. voi 6. loro potere __________ potresti __________ potreste potrebbero dovere dovrei __________ dovrebbe dovremmo __________ volere __________ vorresti vorrebbe __________ vorrebbero Completa la tabella con la forma corretta del condizionale presente o passato. potrei
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-11 Condizionale passato: 7.io 8.tu 9.Lei/lui/lei 10.noi 11.voi 12.loro potere avrei potuto __________ avremmo potuto __________ avrebbero potuto dovere __________ avresti dovuto avrebbe dovuto __________ avreste dovuto __________ volere __________ avresti voluto __________ avremmo voluto __________ avrebbero voluto Completa la tabella con la forma corretta del condizionale presente o passato.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.2-1 Punto di partenza The past conditional (il condizionale passato) is equivalent to would have talked/gone/made,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.1-1 Punto di partenza The present conditional (il condizionale presente) expresses what you would do or what.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
Passato Prossimo Oscar Svan 10B. When is it used? Passato Prosisimo (Past Tense) narrates specific actions or events that occurred in the past, at a definite.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7A.1-1 Punto di partenza Use the future tense to talk about what will happen. Unlike in English, in Italian the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
Il passato prossimo contro limperfetto. Il passato prossimo The passato prossimo is used to talk about: Specific completed actions – Ho viaggiato in aereo.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.1-1 Punto di partenza A reflexive verb reflects the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form.
Passato Prossimo The Present Perfect. INDEX Goals By lesson’s end the learner will be able to: 1.Discuss the differences and the similarities between.
Oggi è il_______________ Fate Adesso 1.He 2.She 3.She is 4.What‘s Marco like? 5.What does “singular” mean? 6.What’s a subject pronoun? 7.You (informal)
Oggi è il ____________________ Fate Adesso: 1.To be 2.I am 3.nice 4.I am not 5.shy 6.young 7.I am 8.He is 9.He is funny.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An.
1 Jeopardy Vocabolario Sapere Conoscere Verbi Irreg In ERE Verbi Irreg In ARE Come Si Dice Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400.
2.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Piacere and similar verbs —A Dumì piacciono le lettere del padre.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.2-1 Punto di partenza A direct object receives the action of a verb directly and answers the question what?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.2-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to form comparisons of equality. Use comparatives of inequality.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.2-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned some prepositions and prepositional contractions in Italian,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.2-1 Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
Ci Signora Albanese Italiano III. Ci You have seen CI used so far as: As a reflexive pronoun: Ci laviamo: We wash ourselves. Ci vediamo: We will see each.
I pronomi diretti. PRONOMI PERSONALI OGGETTO DIRETTO never preceded by a preposition direct object pronouns replace the direct object ("Hai letto le pagine.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.1-1 Punto di partenza As you learned in Lezione 1B, the infinitive is the basic form of a verb. In English,
Italian End of Year review. Gender of Nouns Nouns in Italian are either masculine or feminine Nouns in Italian are either masculine or feminine –Masculine.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
Il verbo avere The verb to have. Avere (To have) Io hoNoi abbiamo Tu haiVoi avete Lei,lei,lui haLoro,loro hanno.
Passato Prossimo The Italian Past Tense. Quando si usa? When does one use it? Right after an action is finished (similar to English present perfect) Ho.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn.
Another past tense. The imperfetto (imperfect) is another past tense. It is used to describe habitual actions What people used to do or things that.
6.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc There are many ways to express negation (la negazione) in Italian. The simplest way is to place the.
IL PASSATO PROSSIMO CON AVERE. What is the Passato Prossimo? The passato prossimo is used to describe actions and events that have occurred in the past,
CI I. ci ( there) is used to replace expressions of location which are often preceded by the preposition a, in, su, or da * Quando vai a Roma? ( When are.
Pronouns + “Essere”. Personal Pronouns Singular Subject IoI / Me TuYou LuiHim / he LeiHer / she Plural Subject NoiWe VoiYou (plural) LoroThey * The subject.
Present Subjunctive Moods Italian 3 5/13/14. Present Subjunctive Mood To put it in the most basic terms, it’s the tense that you should use when: – You.
4.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The trapassato prossimo and the trapassato remoto Mimì aveva già perso i punti quando si è svegliato.
Andare o Venire? Andare and venire are two of the most important verbs in Italian, and they creep up in conversation and in reading quite a bit. However,
IL SI IMPERSONALE To imply that an action is done in general, not by a specific person, use the “si” impersonale. Si+ loro form of verb (-ino, -ano) -----followed.
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