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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere, potere, and volere have special meanings in the present and past conditional tenses.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-2 As you learned in Strutture 8B.1, present conditional forms are often used to soften the force of a request or suggestion. These forms are commonly used with dovere, potere, and volere. Vorrei un caffè, per piacere. I would like a coffee, please. Tina, potresti aiutarmi? Tina, could you help me?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-3 The conditional of dovere can be expressed with should or ought to in English. Its meaning is slightly less forceful than the present indicative, which implies duty or obligation. Dovreste fare la fila. You should wait in line. Dovete fare la fila. You must wait in line.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-4 When used in the past conditional, dovere is equivalent to should have or ought to have in English. Ragazzi, avreste dovuto aspettare due ore? Guys, should you have waited two hours? Avremmo dovuto fare la fila. Adesso non ci sono più biglietti! We should have waited in line. Now there are no more tickets!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-5 Potremmo fare il ponte? Could we take a long weekend? Possiamo fare il ponte? Can we take a long weekend? The present conditional of potere means could or might, in contrast to the present indicative can or may.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-6 Avremmo potuto fare il ponte! Perché siamo venuti al lavoro? We could have taken a long weekend! Why did we come to work? Non avreste potuto conoscere il nuovo capo. È arrivato oggi. You couldnt have met the new boss. He arrived today. When used in the past conditional, potere is equivalent to could have in English.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-7 Vorrei fare una crociera. I would like to go on a cruise. Voglio fare una crociera. I want to go on a cruise. The present conditional of volere means would like, in contrast to the more direct want of the present indicative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-8 Avrei voluto fare una crociera, ma invece sono andata in montagna. I would have liked to go on a cruise, but I went to the mountains instead. I miei amici non avrebbero voluto fare la crociera con me. My friends would not have liked to go on the cruise with me. When used in the past conditional, volere is equivalent to would have liked in English.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-9 Signorina, avrebbe voluto visitare i monumenti? Miss, would you have liked to visit the monuments? Sarebbero potuti andare in città, ma sono andati in spiaggia. They could have gone to the city, but they went to the beach. As in the passato prossimo, the choice of whether to use essere or avere with dovere, potere, and volere in the past conditional should be determined by the infinitive that follows it, although the use of avere in all cases is becoming more common. Use avere if there is no infinitive at all.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-10 Condizionale presente: 1. io 2. tu 3. Lei/lui/lei 4. noi 5. voi 6. loro potere __________ potresti __________ potreste potrebbero dovere dovrei __________ dovrebbe dovremmo __________ volere __________ vorresti vorrebbe __________ vorrebbero Completa la tabella con la forma corretta del condizionale presente o passato. potrei
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-11 Condizionale passato: 7.io 8.tu 9.Lei/lui/lei 10.noi 11.voi 12.loro potere avrei potuto __________ avremmo potuto __________ avrebbero potuto dovere __________ avresti dovuto avrebbe dovuto __________ avreste dovuto __________ volere __________ avresti voluto __________ avremmo voluto __________ avrebbero voluto Completa la tabella con la forma corretta del condizionale presente o passato.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
I miei passatempi preferiti (My Hobbies)
Surprise : ) 5 Cultura 4 I verbi 3 Vocabolario 2 Parliamo
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn.
Passato Remoto historic past remote past narrative past.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
The trapassato prossimo and the trapassato remoto
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere and sapere both mean to know, but they are used in different contexts.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
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