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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere, potere, and volere have special meanings in the present and past conditional tenses.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-2 As you learned in Strutture 8B.1, present conditional forms are often used to soften the force of a request or suggestion. These forms are commonly used with dovere, potere, and volere. Vorrei un caffè, per piacere. I would like a coffee, please. Tina, potresti aiutarmi? Tina, could you help me?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-3 The conditional of dovere can be expressed with should or ought to in English. Its meaning is slightly less forceful than the present indicative, which implies duty or obligation. Dovreste fare la fila. You should wait in line. Dovete fare la fila. You must wait in line.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-4 When used in the past conditional, dovere is equivalent to should have or ought to have in English. Ragazzi, avreste dovuto aspettare due ore? Guys, should you have waited two hours? Avremmo dovuto fare la fila. Adesso non ci sono più biglietti! We should have waited in line. Now there are no more tickets!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-5 Potremmo fare il ponte? Could we take a long weekend? Possiamo fare il ponte? Can we take a long weekend? The present conditional of potere means could or might, in contrast to the present indicative can or may.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-6 Avremmo potuto fare il ponte! Perché siamo venuti al lavoro? We could have taken a long weekend! Why did we come to work? Non avreste potuto conoscere il nuovo capo. È arrivato oggi. You couldnt have met the new boss. He arrived today. When used in the past conditional, potere is equivalent to could have in English.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-7 Vorrei fare una crociera. I would like to go on a cruise. Voglio fare una crociera. I want to go on a cruise. The present conditional of volere means would like, in contrast to the more direct want of the present indicative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-8 Avrei voluto fare una crociera, ma invece sono andata in montagna. I would have liked to go on a cruise, but I went to the mountains instead. I miei amici non avrebbero voluto fare la crociera con me. My friends would not have liked to go on the cruise with me. When used in the past conditional, volere is equivalent to would have liked in English.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-9 Signorina, avrebbe voluto visitare i monumenti? Miss, would you have liked to visit the monuments? Sarebbero potuti andare in città, ma sono andati in spiaggia. They could have gone to the city, but they went to the beach. As in the passato prossimo, the choice of whether to use essere or avere with dovere, potere, and volere in the past conditional should be determined by the infinitive that follows it, although the use of avere in all cases is becoming more common. Use avere if there is no infinitive at all.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-10 Condizionale presente: 1. io 2. tu 3. Lei/lui/lei 4. noi 5. voi 6. loro potere __________ potresti __________ potreste potrebbero dovere dovrei __________ dovrebbe dovremmo __________ volere __________ vorresti vorrebbe __________ vorrebbero Completa la tabella con la forma corretta del condizionale presente o passato. potrei
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-11 Condizionale passato: 7.io 8.tu 9.Lei/lui/lei 10.noi 11.voi 12.loro potere avrei potuto __________ avremmo potuto __________ avrebbero potuto dovere __________ avresti dovuto avrebbe dovuto __________ avreste dovuto __________ volere __________ avresti voluto __________ avremmo voluto __________ avrebbero voluto Completa la tabella con la forma corretta del condizionale presente o passato.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Uses of ci You have already learned that ci is used as a reflexive and reciprocal pronoun meaning ourselves.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
Oggi è il ____________________ Fate Adesso: 1.To be 2.I am 3.nice 4.I am not 5.shy 6.young 7.I am 8.He is 9.He is funny.
Passato Prossimo Oscar Svan 10B. When is it used? Passato Prosisimo (Past Tense) narrates specific actions or events that occurred in the past, at a definite.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.1-1 Punto di partenza A reflexive verb reflects the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The.
3.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato prossimo with avere and essere Use the passato prossimo to express an action completed in.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
Ci Signora Albanese Italiano III. Ci You have seen CI used so far as: As a reflexive pronoun: Ci laviamo: We wash ourselves. Ci vediamo: We will see each.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7A.1-1 Punto di partenza Use the future tense to talk about what will happen. Unlike in English, in Italian the.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
High Frequency Words List A Group 1. the of and.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
Il passato prossimo contro limperfetto. Il passato prossimo The passato prossimo is used to talk about: Specific completed actions – Ho viaggiato in aereo.
5.3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il futuro semplice To form the simple future (il futuro semplice), drop the final –e of the infinitive.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.2-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned some prepositions and prepositional contractions in Italian,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An.
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il treno parte dal binario 9. The present tense: regular verbs.
6.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc There are many ways to express negation (la negazione) in Italian. The simplest way is to place the.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
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