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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-1 Punto di partenza Ordinal numbers, such as first, second, etc., indicate the order or rank of things relative.

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Presentation on theme: "© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-1 Punto di partenza Ordinal numbers, such as first, second, etc., indicate the order or rank of things relative."— Presentation transcript:

1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-1 Punto di partenza Ordinal numbers, such as first, second, etc., indicate the order or rank of things relative to others. Suffixes are endings that, added to a word, modify the meaning of the word.

2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-2 The Italian ordinal numbers equivalent to first through tenth do not follow a regular pattern and must be memorized. 1 o primo 2 o secondo 3 o terzo 4 o quarto 5 o quinto 6 o sesto 7 o sttimo 8 o ottavo 9 o nono 10 o dcimo first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth Cardinal numbers 1 uno 2 due 3 tre 4 quattro 5 cinque 6 sei 7 sette 8 otto 9 nove 10 dieci one two three four five six seven eight nine ten Ordinal numbers

3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-3 Form most other ordinal numbers by dropping the final vowel of the cardinal number and adding the suffix -simo. Numbers ending in -tré or -sei maintain the final vowel, but the accent mark on -tré is dropped. 82 ottantadue 100 cento 500 cinquecento 1000 mille 82 o ottantadusimo 100 o centsimo 500 o cinquecentsimo 1000 o millsimo Cardinal 11 ndici 20 venti 33 trentatré 26 ventisei 11 o undicsimo 20 o ventsimo 33 o trentatresimo 26 o ventiseisimo Ordinal CardinalOrdinal

4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-4 Ordinal numbers are adjectives, and therefore must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. Lo sceicco bianco è stato uno dei primi film di Fellini. The White Sheik was one of Fellinis first movies. È la quarta volta che vediamo Il signore degli anelli. Its the fourth time that we have seen The Lord of the Rings.

5 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-5 Abbreviate ordinal numbers with superscripts o, a, i, or e, according to the gender and number of the noun that follows. La collezione ha vinto il 2º premio. The collection won 2nd prize. Legga la 10ª poesia, per favore. Read the 10th poem, please.

6 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-6 Use Roman numerals to refer to centuries (secoli) or royalty. XIII (tredicesimo) secolo 13th century Enrico IV (quarto) Henry IV

7 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-7 Suffixes In Italian, there are many suffixes that can be added to nouns or adjectives, as well as to proper names.

8 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-8 To add a suffix, first drop the final vowel of the base word. fratello + -ino sorella + -ina fratellino sorellina

9 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-9 The suffixes -ello/a, -etto/a, -ino/a, and -uccio/a are often used to indicate smallness or to express affection. Che belle casette! What cute little houses! Ecco la mia nipotina Mariuccia. Here is my small niece, little Mary.

10 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-10 The suffix -one/a expresses largeness or importance. Guardate questi libroni! Look at these big books! Mia figlia è una pittrice pigrona. My daughter is a very lazy painter.

11 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-11 The suffix -accio/a has a disparaging or pejorative connotation. Non dire parolacce a lezione. Dont say swear words in class. Che filmaccio! Usciamo subito. What a bad film! Lets leave at once.

12 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-12 The use of suffixes is idiomatic, and not every suffix can be added to every noun or adjective. Focus on learning words you see or hear rather than trying to add suffixes on your own. Here are some additional commonly used words with suffixes.

13 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-13

14 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B °___________ 2. 87°___________ 3. 5°___________ 4. 26°___________ °___________ 6.lavoro (+ -accio)___________ 7.cugina (+ -etto)___________ 8.esame (+ -uccio)___________ 9.ville (+ -etto)___________ 10.telefono (+ -ino)___________ Scrivi le parole corrette per esprimere i numeri e le parole elencate. Fai tutti i cambiamenti necessari. undicesimo


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