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3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 3.3-1 The passato remoto The passato remoto, like the passato prossimo, expresses completed past actions.

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Presentation on theme: "3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 3.3-1 The passato remoto The passato remoto, like the passato prossimo, expresses completed past actions."— Presentation transcript:

1 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto The passato remoto, like the passato prossimo, expresses completed past actions. The passato remoto usually refers to events of the distant past that do not have a continuing effect in the present. Passato prossimo Mia madre è nata nel My mother was born in Ho scoperto il jazz solo recentemente. I discovered jazz only recently. Passato remoto Il re nacque nel The king was born in Chi scoprì lAmerica? Who discovered America?

2 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto ATTENZIONE! The passato remoto and passato prossimo are generally not used together.

3 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto The passato remoto is not commonly used in spoken Italian, although there are regional variations. It is used to some extent in Tuscany and in parts of southern Italy, where it is sometimes used in place of the passato prossimo.

4 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto Although, as a student of Italian, you will almost never use the passato remoto in conversation, it is essential to recognize its forms because it is frequently used in literature and most magazines and newspapers.

5 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto To form the passato remoto, drop the –re ending of the infinitive and add the endings indicated in the table below. Note that some –ere verbs also have alternate first person singular and third person irregular forms. parlare parla-vndere vende-finire fini- parlai parlasti parlò parlammo parlaste parlrono vendei/vendetti vendesti vendé/vendette vendemmo vendeste vendrono/ vendttero fini finisti finì finimmo finiste finrono

6 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto Many verbs are irregular in the passato remoto. Most of them, however, are irregular only in the first person singular (io), and third person singular and plural (lui/lei, loro) forms. Because of this pattern, they can be referred to as verbs. Once you know the first person singular form of these verbs, you can easily derive all the other forms. The verbs are regular in the tu, noi, and voi forms. For example: lggere (irregular forms in orange) 1 lessi 2 leggesti 3 lesse 1 leggemmo 2 leggeste 3 lssero

7 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto Here is a list of verbs that follow the pattern 1, 3, 3. avere chidere conscere crrere crscere decdere dipngere mttere ebbi chiesi chiusi conobbi corsi crebbi decisi dipinsi misi nscere prdere piacere pingere prndere rimanere rispndere sapere scrvere nacqui persi piacqui piansi presi rimasi risposi seppi scrissi spgnere spndere tenere uccdere vedere venire vncere vvere volere spensi spesi tenni uccisi vidi venni vinsi vissi volli

8 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto Some verbs are irregular in all forms of the passato remoto. ssereberefarestarediredare fi fosti fu fummo foste frono bevvi bevesti bevve bevemmo beveste bvvero feci facesti fece facemmo faceste fcero stetti stesti stette stemmo steste stttero dissi dicesti disse dicemmo diceste dssero diedi/detti desti diede/dette demmo deste didero/ dttero

9 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato remoto The passato remoto is used in narrations with the imperfetto just as the passato prossimo is used. The passato remoto relates the completed events and moves the action forward; the imperfetto is used for descriptions or to express habitual or ongoing actions.

10 3.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato prossimo vs. the imperfetto Description (imperfetto)Events (passato remoto) Cera una volta una fanciulla bellissima che si chiamava Cenerentola. Once upon a time there was a beautiful young girl named Cinderella. Il figlio del re decise di dare un gran ballo per tutte le fanciulle del regno. The son of the king decided to hold a grand ball for all the young women in the kingdom. La matrigna prestò i suoi gioielli alle figlie che dissero a Cenerentola: «Resta qui a lavorare!» The stepmother loaned her jewels to her daughters, who told Cinderella: Stay here and work! Cenerentola arrivò finalmente e fece il suo ingresso nella sala da ballo. Cinderella finally arrived and made her entrance into the ballroom. Era la più bella ed elegante della festa! She was the most beautiful and elegant one at the party! Il principe fu colpito dalla sua bellezza e la invitò a ballare. The prince was struck by her beauty and asked her to dance.


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