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6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-1 Suffixes Limportante è che lei non mi canti più quelle canzonacce napoletane, perche io veramente non le sopporto.
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-2 Suffixes (i suffissi) are added to many Italian nouns and adjectives to denote affection, size, poor quality, ugliness, or other traits. As in English, adding a suffix can reflect the speakers feelings about a particular noun or the adjective used to describe it. For example, the two words, dog, cane, and doggie, cagnolino, demonstrate a difference that reflects the speakers perception (a doggie is cuter or more dear to the speaker than a dog). Suffixes
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-3 ATTENZIONE! Be very careful when using suffixes and try to use only those you have learned from native speakers or teachers. Adding them to words you are not sure of can lead to misunderstandings or even trouble if you are not absolutely certain of the meaning of the word that you have coined! For example, cagnolino means doggie but canino means canine tooth, and un mulo, a mule, is not related to un mulino, a mill. Suffixes
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-4 Italian is very rich in its choice and variety of suffixes. English tends to rely on adjectives to convey shades of meaning. An Italian might say «Che ragazzaccio!» whereas an English speaker would probably sayWhat a naughty boy! Suffixes
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-5 Suffixes Some suffixes are associated with diminutives (smallness, cuteness, affection). -ino/a/i/e -etto/a/i/e -ello/a/i/e -olo/a/i/e -uccio/a/i/e -uzzo/a/i/e un tavolo un pezzo una fontana un figlio una femmina una va un tavolino un pezzetto una fontanella un figliolo una femminuccia una vizza a small table a little piece a little fountain a little son, a little boy a baby girl a little street
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-6 ATTENZIONE! Note that more than one suffix can be added to the same noun. For example, una casa una cas-ett-ina. Suffixes
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-7 Some suffixes indicate exaggeration or large size. -one/a/i/eun naso una minestra un nasone un minestrone a big nose; big-nosed person a big, hearty soup Suffixes
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-8 Some suffixes are pejorative, denoting ugliness, poor quality, or nastiness. -accio/a/i/e -astro/a/i/e -uccio/a/i/e una parola un poeta una casa una parolaccia un poetastro una casuccia a swear word a really bad poet a small, unassuming house Suffixes
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-9 ATTENZIONE! Sometimes a noun changes gender when a suffix is added. For example, una cucina, a kitchen, becomes un cucinino, a kitchenette; una finestra, a window, becomes un finestrino, a car window and una minestra, broth, becomes un minestrone, a hearty soup. Suffixes
6.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6.4-10 Some suffixes may also be added to adjectives and adverbs. pigro pigronebello bellinobene benino Suffixes
What are the 4 ways to say the in Spanish? Masculino singular Masculino plural Femenino singular Femenino plural un (a) unos (some) una (a) unas (some)
Adjective + Noun Agreement
Nouns in French le garçon – the boy un garçon – a boy
Capitolo 2 Persone e personalita`. Preparazione Ci pensiamo un po`: How might you describe the appearance and personality of a friend?
Partitives and expressions of quantity
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned some descriptive adjectives in Lezione 1B, and in Lezione 3A.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.1-1 Punto di partenza A noun is a word that identifies a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. As in English,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-1 Punto di partenza In both English and Italian, possessives express ownership or possession.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.2-1 Punto di partenza Ordinal numbers, such as first, second, etc., indicate the order or rank of things relative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
Parte I Study the following phrases. Repeat as many times needed.
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