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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned that the present tense in Italian can be used to describe what someone does or is doing. To emphasize that an action is in progress, use the present tense of stare and the gerundio.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-2 Form the gerundio by replacing the -are ending of an infinitive with -ando, and the -ere and -ire endings with -endo. This form is equivalent to the English ending -ing. infinitivegerundio girare dipngere scolpire girando dipingendo scolpendo filming painting sculpting
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-3 A few verbs that have an irregular stem in the imperfetto, such as bere, dire, fare, and tradurre* (to translate), use the same irregular stem to form the gerundio. infinitivegerundio bevevo dicevo facevo traducevo bevendo dicendo facendo traducendo drinking saying doing translating
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-4 Use the present tense of stare + [gerundio] to express an action that is in progress. This is called the forma progressiva. Il pittore non è in casa. Sta lavorando allaperto. The painter is not home. He is working outdoors. I bambini non ti sentono. Stanno ascoltando la radio. The children dont hear you. They are listening to the radio. Non posso parlare; sto mangiando. I cant talk; I am eating. Che cosa stai scrivendo? Una favola? What are you writing? A fairy tale?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-5 Use the imperfetto of stare + [gerundio] to describe actions that were in progress in the past. Il regista non cera. Stava girando unaltra scena. The director wasnt there. He was shooting another scene. Non ti ho visto. Stavo cercando le mie chiavi. I didnt see you. I was looking for my keys. Giacometti stava scolpendo quando labbiamo conosciuto. Giacometti was sculpting when we met him. Mi dispiace, stavo dormendo durante il film. Im sorry, I was sleeping during the movie.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-6 Note that the use of the forma progressiva is more limited than its English equivalent. It is much more common to use the simple present or imperfetto to talk about ongoing actions in Italian. Use the forma progressiva to emphasize the fact that the action is in progress.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-7 Il poeta scrive una poesia damore. The poet writes/is writing/does write a love poem. BUT Il poeta sta scrivendo una poesia damore. The poet is writing (at this very moment) a love poem. La mamma leggeva il racconto al figlio. The mother was reading/used to read the story to her son. BUT La mamma stava leggendo il racconto al figlio. The mother was reading (at that very moment) the story to her son.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-8 Object and reflexive pronouns either precede the conjugated form of stare or are attached to the end of the gerundio. Perché la Gioconda mi sta sorridendo/sta sorridendomi? Why is the Mona Lisa smiling at me? Il quadro sarà bellissimo. Lo sto finendo/Sto finendolo adesso. The painting will be very beautiful. I am finishing it now. Ti stavamo facendo/Stavamo facendoti un capolavoro. We were making a masterpiece for you. Lo scultore si stava preparando/ stava preparandosi per la mostra. The sculptor was preparing himself for the show.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-9 In cases where an English word ending in -ing is used as the subject of a sentence, the infinitive, rather than the gerundio, is typically used in Italian. Andare al cinema è il mio passatempo preferito. Going to the movies is my favorite hobby. Pubblicare un libro è quasi sempre difficile. Publishing a book is almost always difficult.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-10 1. Il pittore sta ___________ (lavorare). 2. Tu stai ___________ (scrivere) al professore. 3. I bambini stavano ___________ (ascoltare) la radio. 4. Io e Tiziana stavamo ___________ (correre) verso di te. 5. Gabriele sta ___________ (stampare) tutti i documenti. 6. Ieri sera alle otto io stavo ___________ (cenare). 7. Voi state ___________ (cercare) lufficio del professor Antichi. 8. Quale film stavano ___________ (guardare) i tuoi amici? Per ogni frase, scrivi il gerundio del verbo indicato. lavorando
Present Progressive By Viviana & Margherita. Present Progressive To show an action is happening you use the present progressive. When in the present progressive,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn.
Another past tense. The imperfetto (imperfect) is another past tense. It is used to describe habitual actions What people used to do or things that.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
Passato Prossimo of Irregular Verbs Page 168 By: Stella Froliklong Partners with: Carla and Giada.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7A.1-1 Punto di partenza Use the future tense to talk about what will happen. Unlike in English, in Italian the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.2-1 Punto di partenza A direct object receives the action of a verb directly and answers the question what?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 The imperfetto can be translated into English in several ways. Lia piangeva. Lia cried. Lia used to cry.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The.
Oggi è il ____________________ Fate Adesso: 1.How? 2.How are you? (formal) 3.What’s your name? (formal) 4.My eyes are blue. 5.I am from the U.S. 6.To dance.
2.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Piacere and similar verbs —A Dumì piacciono le lettere del padre.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.1-1 Punto di partenza A reflexive verb reflects the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.1-1 Punto di partenza As you learned in Lezione 1B, the infinitive is the basic form of a verb. In English,
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere and sapere both mean to know, but they are used in different contexts.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.2-1 Punto di partenza The past conditional (il condizionale passato) is equivalent to would have talked/gone/made,
6.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc There are many ways to express negation (la negazione) in Italian. The simplest way is to place the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.1-1 Punto di partenza The present conditional (il condizionale presente) expresses what you would do or what.
Direct Object Pronouns By: Loren Balunis. Direct Object Pronouns A direct object is the direct recipient of the action of the verb. SingolarePlurale.
COME FORMARE UNA FRASE HOW TO BUILD A SENTENCE. FIRST… YOU WILL NEED A SUBJECT ( WHO PERFORMS THE ACTION) Generic NOUNS : TREE, BOOK, CINEMA Proper NOUNS.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
I pronomi diretti. PRONOMI PERSONALI OGGETTO DIRETTO never preceded by a preposition direct object pronouns replace the direct object ("Hai letto le pagine.
3.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The imperfetto Use the imperfetto to talk about what used to happen or to describe ongoing and habitual.
Past tenses Simple Past, Past continuous and Past perfect.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere, potere, and volere have special meanings in the present and past conditional.
There are three types of verbs in Italian… Abitare to live Aiutare to help Amare to love Arrivare to arrive Ascoltare to listen Ballare to dance Camminare.
Past Tenses Simple Past, Past continuous and Past perfect tense.
Unit 1: Present Tense Simple Present Tense Present Continuous Tense Subject & Object Pronouns (I, you, it, he, she, they) vs. (me, you, him,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.2-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to form comparisons of equality. Use comparatives of inequality.
ARE Verbs in Italian The meaning of each verb and how to conjugate correctly.
Il passato prossimo contro limperfetto. Il passato prossimo The passato prossimo is used to talk about: Specific completed actions – Ho viaggiato in aereo.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
Oggi è il ventisei maggio LO SCOPO: Usiamo l’imperativo. FATE ADESSO: Do part I in imperativo packet.
Ci Signora Albanese Italiano III. Ci You have seen CI used so far as: As a reflexive pronoun: Ci laviamo: We wash ourselves. Ci vediamo: We will see each.
Passato Prossimo The Italian Past Tense. Quando si usa? When does one use it? Right after an action is finished (similar to English present perfect) Ho.
© 2016 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved. 1.3–1 The present progressive The present progressive (el presente progresivo) narrates an action.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.1-1 Punto di partenza The imperativo is the form of a verb that is used for commands, requests, suggestions,
Year 8 Schemes of work. Unit 5New language contentNew context Alternative context Level range Dove abiti -Dwelling -Questions with Dove and Chi -Use of.
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