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1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-1 Il treno parte dal binario 9. The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-2 Subject pronouns In Italian, the subject pronouns are: 1st person2nd person 3rd person Singulario I tu/Lei you/you (formal) lui lei he she Plural noi we voi/Loro you/you (formal) loro they (m./f.) The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-3 ATTENZIONE! Some pronouns have formal equivalents. Egli and ella are formal, literary forms for lui and lei. They are rarely used in conversation. Esso and essa (it) usually refer to animals and things, but essi and esse (they) can refer to people, in addition to animals or things. Note that these forms are rarely used in conversational Italian. Cerco la mia gatta, ma essa non è qui. Im looking for my cat, but shes not here. The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-4 Italian subject pronouns are used much less frequently than their English counterparts because the verb form usually identifies the subject. Mangiamo spesso al ristorante. We eat often at the restaurant. Abiti ancora a Roma? Do you still live in Rome? The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-5 Subject pronouns add emphasis with words such as neanche, soltanto, and anche; they also add emphasis when placed after the verb. Before the verb, subject pronouns prevent ambiguity or contrast subjects. È lei che odia la pizza. Shes the one who hates pizza. Neanche noi siamo sposati. We arent married either. Lui ha un fratello e lei ha una sorella. He has a brother and she has a sister. Anche tu puoi venire alla festa. You can also come to the party. The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-6 The present tense: regular verbs ATTENZIONE! Be careful not to confuse lei and loro with the second person, formal pronouns Lei and Loro. In this text, the formal pronouns will be capitalized as a visual hint.
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-7 Use Lei and Loro to address people formally. Voi, rather than Loro, is typically used for both the formal and informal second person plural, especially in speaking. That style will be followed in this book. Buonasera, signori, Loro desiderano? Good evening, ladies and gentlemen, what would you like? Ehi, ragazzi, dove andate voi? Hey, guys, where are you going? The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-8 The present tense The present indicative tense expresses actions and circumstances in the present. It has three equivalents in English. canto I sing I am singing I do sing The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-9 ATTENZIONE! In Italian, you may also use the present indicative to talk about an action that will happen in the immediate future. Stasera Enrico esce con Rosa. Tonight Enrico is going to go out with Rosa. The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-10 To form the present indicative of the three regular verb conjugations, drop the ending of the infinitive (–are, –ere, or –ire) and add the appropriate endings to the stem. adorareprnderedormirecapire io tu lui/lei/Lei noi voi loro/Loro adoro adori adora adoriamo adorate adrano prendo prendi prende prendiamo prendete prndono dormo dormi dorme dormiamo dormite drmono capisco capisci capisce capiamo capite capscono The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-11 There are two types of –ire verbs. Verbs conjugated like capire insert -isc- between the stem and the ending of all forms except the first and second person plural. Verbs conjugated like dormire do not require insertion of -isc-. The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-12 Most –ire verbs that do not require insertion of -isc- have a consonant five letters from the end of the infinitive: aprire, coprire, dormire, offrire, partire, scoprire, seguire, sentire, servire, soffrire, etc. The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-13 Spelling changes are required in the present indicative of some –are verbs. To avoid a double i, drop the i of the tu and noi stems of most verbs ending in -iare. cominciare cambiare lasciare sbagliare studiare cominci + i/iamo cambi + i/iamo lasci + i/iamo sbagli + i/iamo studi + i/iamo cominci (tu) / cominciamo (noi) cambi (tu) / cambiamo (noi) lasci (tu) / lasciamo (noi) sbagli (tu) / sbagliamo (noi) studi (tu) / studiamo (noi) The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-14 When the i of the stem is stressed in the first person of the present indicative, in verbs ending in –iare like inviare and sciare, do not drop the i of the stem in the tu form. sciare inviare sco (io) invo (io) sci (tu) invi (tu) The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-15 Add an h to the tu and noi forms of verbs ending in –care and –gare to maintain the hard sound of the c and g. cercare spiegare cerch + i/iamo spiegh + i/iamo cerchi (tu) / cerchiamo (noi) spieghi (tu) / spieghiamo (noi) The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-16 ATTENZIONE! Verbs with a root ending in –gn such as guadagnare (to earn), insegnare (to teach), and sognare (to dream) can be spelled with or without the i in the first person plural. guadagniamo or guadagnamo sogniamo or sognamo The present tense: regular verbs
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.1-17 Use the simple present tense for ongoing actions that began in the past. Use da (for; since) to indicate when the action first began. Use da quando or da quanto tempo when asking How long? or Since when? Da quanto tempo sei fidanzata? How long have you been engaged? Sono fidanzata da sei mesi. Ive been engaged for six months. Da quando escono insieme Mario e Carla? Since when have Mario and Carla been going out? Escono insieme dal mese scorso. Theyve been dating since last month. The present tense: regular verbs
-ire verbs 1 st category. -ire verbs, first category dormire means to sleep stem: dorm- conjugation: *(io) dormo *(tu) dormi *(lui/lei) dorme (noi) dormiamo.
Gli aggettivi. Position of adjectives The adjectives can be used before or after the noun.C'era un grande lago. – There was a big lake. C'era un lago.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.1-1 Punto di partenza As you learned in Lezione 1B, the infinitive is the basic form of a verb. In English,
Verbs = Actions Lets look at some action words in English. What do you notice?
PRESENTE DEI VERBI REGOLARI -ARE PRESENT TENSE REGULAR -ARE VERBS -Italian infinitives are made up of a stem and an ending. -You already learned that in.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
Verbs = Actions Let’s look at some action words in English. What do you notice? Roberta Pennasilico, Naples High School.
There are three types of verbs in Italian… Abitare to live Aiutare to help Amare to love Arrivare to arrive Ascoltare to listen Ballare to dance Camminare.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7A.1-1 Punto di partenza Use the future tense to talk about what will happen. Unlike in English, in Italian the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
Singular Io (I) Tu (you) Lui (He) Lei (She) Plural Noi (We) Voi (You guys) Loro (They)
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
ARE Verbs in Italian The meaning of each verb and how to conjugate correctly.
Oggi è il ____________________ Fate Adesso: 1.To be 2.I am 3.nice 4.I am not 5.shy 6.young 7.I am 8.He is 9.He is funny.
Let’s learn the “isco” verbs In Italian there is a group of irregular verbs called the “isco” or isc verbs You already know and use one--- – Capire =
ITALIAN 1 SIGNORINA VITAMIA Subject Pronouns. 1 st Person Singular I = IO - Use “io” when you want to speak about yourself - Ex: - Io sono alta. I am.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
2.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Piacere and similar verbs —A Dumì piacciono le lettere del padre.
Pronouns + “Essere”. Personal Pronouns Singular Subject IoI / Me TuYou LuiHim / he LeiHer / she Plural Subject NoiWe VoiYou (plural) LoroThey * The subject.
Il presente (The Present Tense). First of all, we need the subject pronouns IoI tuyou (singular) lui/leihe/she Leiyou (formal) noiwe voiyou (plural) lorothey.
Regular –ere verbs and piacere Lezione 2B.2. 2 nd Conjugation “-ERE VERBS “Legg ere” – Io leggoNoi leggiamo – Tu leggiVoi leggete – Lei/lei/lui leggeLoro/loro.
I verbi -are la coniugazione!. Io = I = the person who is talking Lui= he = a male we are talking about Lei = she = a female we are talking about ___.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
What is a verb conjugation? Why do we conjugate? Common –ARE Verbs Come facciamo? How do we do it? Pratichiamo! Lets Practice! Conjugating Italian Verbs:
Da Quanto Tempo How long….. How long have you….. Da quanto tempo is used if you want to ask someone how long he/she has been doing something. Ex: Da quanto.
I Verbi Italiani – Italian verbs
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
Oggi è il_______________ Fate Adesso 1.He 2.She 3.She is 4.What‘s Marco like? 5.What does “singular” mean? 6.What’s a subject pronoun? 7.You (informal)
I Verbi di ARE Conjugating regular verbs that end in ARE.
IL PASSATO PROSSIMO CON AVERE. What is the Passato Prossimo? The passato prossimo is used to describe actions and events that have occurred in the past,
In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs
andare / venire / uscire The verbs andare (to go), venire (to come), uscire (to go out) are common irregular verbs. You will have to memorize their present-tense.
Gli Imperativi Giving commands in Italian. What is an Imperative? Imperatives are commands or pleas to do something. Some examples in English would be:
©2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs. Verbs express actions or states.
Oggi è il dodici febbraio LO SCOPO: Impariamo le coniugazioni dei verbi in -are. FATE ADESSO: 1. Tirate fuori i compiti. 2. Translate the following.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere, potere, and volere have special meanings in the present and past conditional.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
1 Jeopardy Vocabolario Sapere Conoscere Verbi Irreg In ERE Verbi Irreg In ARE Come Si Dice Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400.
In English and Spanish, the infinitive is the base form of the verb.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
IRE Verbs in Italian. How are IRE verbs different from ARE and ERE Verbs? ARE and ERE verbs follow a regular pattern of endings. IRE verbs can be classified.
Il Futuro Future Tense in Italian. When to use the Future Tense In Italian, the future tense is used to express an action that will take place. It can.
-ere verbs present tense. PRENDERE – to take All –ere regular verbs have the same set of endings for the present tense. The subject determines the ending.
Ripasso 1. Name the subject pronouns in Italian. 2. What do loquace, povero, and onesto mean? 3. How do you ask someones age? 4. What does Qual é la tua.
Il presente l.o to recognise that a verb conjugates with 6 endings.
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