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MP4 Making Places Profitable: Public & Private Open Spaces experiences from open space regeneration in Scotland Marilyn Higgins, Alicia Montarzino, Marcia.

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Presentation on theme: "MP4 Making Places Profitable: Public & Private Open Spaces experiences from open space regeneration in Scotland Marilyn Higgins, Alicia Montarzino, Marcia."— Presentation transcript:

1 MP4 Making Places Profitable: Public & Private Open Spaces experiences from open space regeneration in Scotland Marilyn Higgins, Alicia Montarzino, Marcia Pereira & Harry Smith Urban Studies Seminar SeriesEdinbrugh 30 September 2010 European Union European Regional Development Fund

2 Structure Urban Studies Seminar SeriesEdinburgh, 30 September 2010 MP4 project Theoretical basis Analytical framework Case studies in Scotland: –Craigmillar –Grassmarket –Hailes Quarry Park Conclusions

3 MP4 Project Making Places Profitable – Public and Private open spaces AIM: to demonstrate how open space improvements offer positive socio-economic benefits, and how the benefits offered to key communities can be maintained in the long run (place-keeping). supported by Interreg IVB North Sea Region European funding four local authorities/public bodies (Emmen, Flemish Land Agency, Gothenburg, Sheffield) one charitable foundation (Lawaetz Foundation DE) four universities (HCU, HWU, UoC, UoS) Urban Studies Seminar SeriesEdinburgh, 30 September 2010

4 MP4 Project MP4 Project Objectives Assess existing transnational experiences with place-keeping – literature review & case studies Produce model agreements for sustainable partnerships and develop innovations in place- keeping Implement, promote and test place-keeping models transnationally Monitor and evaluate socio-economic impacts Develop place-keeping policies and mainstream best practice Urban Studies Seminar SeriesEdinburgh, 30 September 2010

5 Theoretical Basis shift from government to governance & from a providing state to a enabling estate: acknowledgement of wider range of stakeholders in urban management new institutionalism: importance of understanding mental models in order to understand organisational arrangements this helps see urban development as a socio-spatial process rather than simple implementation of a product open space: growing body of research into qualities, perception & impact on well being, but less on long-term management & maintenance our approach: to understand wider stakeholder involvement processes in long-term management of public space based on institutionalist approaches - using case studies in Scotland as examples. Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series

6 Analytical Framework Istanbul 14 October 2009 type of urban public space stakeholders involved in place-making & place-keeping resources available to stakeholders and their deployment ideas & mental models related to urban public space & stakeholders process of physical, organisational & mental requalification Urban Studies Seminar Series

7 UK Context Istanbul 14 October th Century: private sector provided public space as part of housing & municipalities provided parks & green spaces 20th Century: public sector predominant provider of public space - public- private partnership regeneration in latter part of the century firmly established mental model of local authority having responsibility for place-keeping recent attempts to draw in private sector participation in place-keeping strong civil society & mental model of voluntary participation, expressed in trusts & friends of societies current experimentation with new models of private sector & civil societys relationship with public space. Urban Studies Seminar Series

8 Craigmillar Istanbul 14 October 2009Urban Studies Seminar Series Location: Mostly residential suburban area – mainly social rented housing – South-eastern side of Edinburgh History: Decline & regeneration Partnerships: URC model & PARC CEC decentralisation policy – East Neighbourhood Team Local communities organisation – The Neigbourhood Alliance

9 Craigmillar Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series Place-Keeping Design-stage consideration PARC strategy: capture income from private development to contribute to funding of public and amenity projects & community involvement Still conventional, but new initiatives are being explored mainly due to community involvement. Community Trust

10 Craigmillar Istanbul 14 October 2009 Evaluation: formal & informal Scottish Government commissioned study of URCs Neighbourhood Alliance – informal monitoring Awards for the quality of development, policies & processes. Urban Studies Seminar Series Transferable aspects Policies – decentralisation URC model Community engagement & support Flexibility Sensitiveness to socio-political context

11 Grassmarket Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series Context In the Old Town of Edinburgh, valley to the South of Edinburgh Castle. Simple paved area with trees and benches, surrounded by a lively mixture of uses, including housing, shops, pubs, restaurants and hotels. 2007/08: £5 million improvement project

12 Grassmarket Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series Partnership Funding: local economic development agency & Governments Cities Growth fund allocation to the local council. Consultative stakeholder group Community engagement events Place-Keeping From design stage Management & maintenance: Grassmarket Forum & Council officers.

13 Grassmarket Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series Evaluation Contentious: good for local business, unhappy residents. Baseline study carried out & definition of evaluation indicators for later comparison. Transferable Lessons Effective engagement Clarity about remit & aims of a project – expectations management. Consultation, participation & compromising Need for in-built evaluation in place-making & place-keeping Need for a strong and committed client-team – openness to new ideas.

14 Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series Context Location: Large open space in the south west of Edinburgh -15ha - surrounded by low-income residential areas. Hailes Quarry Park History: Old quarry & previous use as landfill

15 Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series Place-Keeping Implicit place-keeping: five-year plan +10 years partial maintenance agreement Building-up community involvement & ownership Hailes Quarry Park Partnerships Involvement of public, private and voluntary sectors Greenspace Scotland (GS) & Strategic Greenspace Partnerships (SGPs) + Project for Public Spaces (PPS) The Edinburgh & Lothians Greenspace Trust The Scottish Executive + Sustrans + WREN + local associations Community engagement

16 Edinburgh, 30 September 2010Urban Studies Seminar Series Evaluation No formal evaluation Events used as means to steer apathetic community towards space ownership Small scale infrastructure investments to increase use by pedestrians, cyclists, women & older people. Steering Group Aims & expectations – displacement (who does what) Hailes Quarry Park Transferable Lessons Multiple-inter sectorial partnerships Attitudes (problem when prevalent at wider level) Scale (small) Flexibility (tailored interventions with rapid response)

17 Conclusions wide range of types of stakeholder and forms of organisation, with shift from government to governance shift from state-financing of open space regeneration and management to diversification of funding sources in all cases, central role of more direct relationship between stakeholders and open space through some form of responsibility potential political & social issues: re-definition of the role of the state & of other stakeholders, ownership of open space, social responsibility. scope to learn more through wider and more in-depth research on impact of these practices on the wider community, via a longitudinal study. Urban Studies Seminar Series

18 Thank You MP4 HWU Team: Dr Harry Smith - Principal Dr Marcia Pereira - Research Prof Glen Bramley Dr Caroline Brown Dr Scott Fernie Marilyn Higgins Dr Alicia Montarzino Urban Studies Seminar Series


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