la Valle d’Aosta Capital: Aosta Area: 1,260 sq mi; 1.08% Population: 128,000;.21% Provinces: 1 French is also an official language here. Autonomous region with special statute – home rule to take into account linguistic and cultural minorities. Smallest, least populated region. Only region with no provinces. Monte Bianco – highest peak in the Alps. Fenis Castle dates from the 13 th century.
Capital: Potenza Area: 3,859 sq mi; 3.32% Population: 591,000;.99% Provinces: 2 Also called Lucania by Italians in reference to the region’s original name, dating back to the 5 th century BC. Castle of Melfi dates back to the 11 th century.
la Campania Capital: Napoli Area: 5,250 sq mi; 4.51% Population: 5.9 million; 9.75% Provinces: 5 Castel Nuovo is a medieval castle in Naples begun in 1279 by Charles I of Anjou. Reggia di Caserta is a former royal residence for the Bourbon kings of Naples.
l’Emilia Romagna Capital: Bologna Area: 8,666 sq mi; 7.34% Population: 4.4 million; 7.17% Provinces: 9 One of richest, most developed regions of Europe Ferrari, Lamborghini, Maserati, Ducati produced here. Home of Bologna university, one of oldest in the world
Il Friuli Venezia Giulia Capital: Trieste Area: 3,034 sq mi; 2.61% Population: 1.2 million; 2.05% Provinces: 4 Autonomous region with special statute. Lignano Sabbiadoro is an important summer resort on the Adriatic. The Alps end here.
Capital: Roma Area: 6,655 sq mi; 5.71% Population: 5.7 million; 9.33% Provinces: 5 3 rd most populated region; 2 nd richest region. Includes Roma, the capital and largest city of Italy. The Capture of Rome on September 20, 1870 Completed Italian unification when Lazio was incorprated into the Kingdom of Italy.
la Lombardia Capital: Milano Area: 9,206 sq mi; 7.92% Population: 9.9 million; 16.17% Provinces: 12 Most populous and richest Italian region. Milano is the 2 nd top tourist destination in Italy. This region was settled in the 2 nd millennium BC.
Capital: Bari Area: 7,474 sq mi; 6.43% Population: 4 million; 6.84% Provinces: 6 In 1240 Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II built Castel del Monte in Andria. The region around Ostuni has existed since the stone age; the medieval town still stands.
la Sardegna Capital: Cagliari Area: 9,300 sq mi; 7.99% Population: 1.6 million; 2.79% Provinces: 8 It is the 2 nd largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Autonomous region. Permanent settlements date back to 6000 BC.
la Sicilia Capital: Palermo Area: 9,927 sq mi; 8.53% Population: 5 million; 8.44% Provinces: 9 The largest island in the Mediterranean. Autonomous region. Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe. Cave drawings by the Sicani date back to 8000 BC.
la Toscana Capital: Firenze Area: 8,878 sq mi; 7.63% Population: 3.7 million; 6.17% Provinces: 10 Considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. Six locations have been designated as World Heritage Sites.
l’Umbria Capital: Perugia Area: 3,265 km 2 ; 2.81% Population: 906,000; 1.48% Provinces: 2 Only peninsular region that is landlocked. Mostly hilly or mountainous land. Home to 6 natural parks. Assisi was the birthplace of St. Francis.
Capital: Venezia Area: 7,104 sq mi; 6.10% Population: 4.9 million; 8.11% Provinces: 7 Venice, with its canals, is the primary tourist destination in Veneto. It had been an independent state for more than 1000 years.