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The European Picture. The European Picture First European collaborations 1953 CERN 1956 EURATOM 1962 ESRO European Space Research Organisation 1967.

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Presentation on theme: "The European Picture. The European Picture First European collaborations 1953 CERN 1956 EURATOM 1962 ESRO European Space Research Organisation 1967."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The European Picture

3 First European collaborations
1953 CERN 1956 EURATOM 1962 ESRO European Space Research Organisation 1967 ILL (Laue-Langevin Institute) 1969 Airbus

4 Research in Europe info @ http://cordis.europa.eu.int/home.html
Created European Research Area (2000) to counteract deficits in European research insufficient funding, lack of an environment to stimulate research and exploit results the fragmented nature of activities and the dispersal of resources

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6 Framework Programmes 1957: EURATOM treaty; Joint Research Centre set up 1983: ESPRIT programme 1984: First Framework Programme ( ), followed by 4 successive Framework Programmes (up to 2002) 1987: “European Single Act” - science becomes a Community responsibility; Second Framework Programme ( ) 1993: Treaty on European Union; role of RTD in the EU enlarged 2001: Proposal for the Sixth Framework Programme : FP6

7 FP6 budget = 5% of Europes total public spending on civil research
More and more aiming at Research of ‚real economic and social value‘.

8 ILIAS

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11 Sixth Framework Programme Structuring the European Research Area Specific Programme RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES ACTION

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13 What is ApPEC http://appec.in2p3.fr/
Committee for the coordination of Astro-particle-Physics in Europe (Steeing Committee and Peer Review Committee) Founded by the big funding agencies for Astro-particle physics in Belgium, Germany, France, Greece, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland und Spain. More countries are about to join (have joined?) ApPEC: Finnland, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Chzech Republic CERN as an international Organisation Associated: ESA, MPG

14 ApPEC Roadmap Committee
Frank Avignone Jose Bernabeu Thomas Berghoefer Leonid Bezrukov Pierre Binetruy Hans Bluemer Karsten Danzmann Franz v. Feilitzsch Enrique Fernandez Werner Hofmann John Iliopoulos Uli Katz Paolo Lipari Manel Martinez Antonio Masiero Benoit Mours Francesco Ronga Andre Rubbia Subir Sarkar Guenther Sigl Gerard Smadja Nigel Smith Christian Spiering Alan Watson

15 Recommendations in the ApPEC Roadmap

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19 Roadmap due autumn 2006

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24 Current N5/GWA net: participants
NETWORK LAPP Annecy, University of Barcelona, University of Birmingham, Cardiff University, EGO Cascina, INFN Ferrara., INFN Firenze, INFN Frascati, MPI Garching, INFN Genova, University of Glasgow, MPI Golm, MPI Hannover, LZH Hannover, Universitat Illes Balears, Universitat Jena, INFN Legnaro, Leiden University, Imperial College London, IPN Lyon, INFN Napoli, OCA Nice, LAL Orsay, INFN Padova, Universite Paris VI, ESPCI Paris, INFN Perugia, INFN Pisa, CNR Roma, INFN Roma1, INFN Roma2, Universita di Trento, CNR-ITC Trento, Universität Tubingen, University of Warsaw 35 institutions, 7 countries (France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain) All members of Virgo, GEO, AURIGA, NAUTILUS/EXPLORER, MiniGRAIL collaborations Groups involved in R&D for future detectors (including most of the LISA European groups)

25 Current N5/GWA net: objectives & contents
NETWORK “Increase the level of European coordination in the field” “Help the enhancement of the performance of existing detectors” “Prepare the future of this discipline in Europe” “Open existing facilities to more people from more countries” “Help the structuring of a European GW research community” From Overall description and fundamental objectives of the I3 from ILIAS webpage “Gravitational Wave Antenna” (N5/GWA) The objective of this network is to increase the level of coordination in the field of gravitational wave research. It aims at linking the theoreticians and the groups working on the experimental detection using the two large European interferometers and the three resonant cryogenic detectors.“ Three working groups: WG1: Detectors commissioning and characterization WG2: Joint operation of detectors and network data analysis WG3: An European strategy for future detectors Beside working group activities: Have bi-annual meetings involving the responsibles of the main projects and research poles (3 so far) Organize an annual general meeting open to all participants (Orsay in 2004, Palma de Mallorca in 2005)

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27 Gravitational Wave Antenna (GWA) Expected outcome ANNEX 1 – Description of Work for ILIAS - Contract number: RII3-CT Chairmen: Hartmut Grote, Giovanni Losurdo The results of Working Group 1 are expected to allow establishing a coordinated collaboration among the Anglo-German team working at the commissioning of GEO and the French-Italian team working at the commissioning of the Virgo detector. This collaboration will speed up the commissioning of the detectors and will allow testing similar characterization algorithms on the two detectors. Apart from the annual reports, the two teams will provide recommendations for short and long term improvements based on the detector commissioning results. Chairmen: Gianluca Guidi and Ik Siong Heng (advised by the former chairmen Giovanni Prodi and Sathyaprakash) The prospects of setting relevant astrophysical results (based on signal detection or upper limits) rely on the achieved degree of coordination of the community, given that the operation of many detectors as a network is required. Working Group 2 is expected to establish the necessary coordination among the groups involved in the operating detectors in order to perform joint observations and the related data analysis. Recommendations for the planning of joint observations and the technical aspects involved in the data exchange and analysis will be provided. In addition, the Working Group 2 will provide comparative studies on the achieved results on the observation and on the relevance of the participating detectors. Chairmen: Michele Punturo, Harald Lück Working Group 3 is focused on producing a plan setting up priorities and objectives for the existing and future detectors and defining a coherent global strategy around which the European gravitational waves community could unite and on pulling together their efforts, expertise and capabilities towards a common objective. The development of a European research community for gravitational waves is also expected to contribute to establishing more balanced and productive collaborations with non European communities ( USA , Japan ).

28 Joint Research Activity 3
JRA3

29 Table 8 – Working group distribution vs tasks and Task Supervisors of Joint Research Activity 3
Working groups Co-ordinator Task Supervisor M1 Substrates for Interferometers IGR - MAT Gianpietro Cagnoli Lead: Vincent Loriette Co-lead: Michele Punturo INFN – AURIGA Jean-Pierre Zendri INFN – VIRGO MAT Michele Punturo CNRS - ESPCI Vincent Loriette M2 Test Masses for resonators Lead: Jean-Pierre Zendri Co-lead: Giorgio Frossati INFN – ROG MAT Yuri Minenkov IFN Paolo Falferi LEIDEN Giorgio Frossati M3 Superconducting Materials INFN – PACO Renzo Parodi Lead: Renzo Parodi M4 Mirror Coatings IGR – MAT Sheila Rowan Lead: Sheila Rowan Co-lead: Michele Punturo CNRS – SMA Alban Remilleux CNRS – ESPCI M5 Suspension Materials Lead: Michele Punturo Co-lead: Sheila Rowan M6 Cosmic Rays Acoustic Effect INFN – ROG FRASCATI Giovanni Mazzitelli Lead:Giovanni Mazzitelli C1 Cryogenics for Last Stage Suspensions INFN – VIRGO CRYO Roberto Passaquieti Lead: Fulvio Ricci Co-lead: Giorgio Frossati C2 Cryogenics for Ad. Resonant Detectors INFN – ROG CRYO Massimo Bassan Lead: Giorgio Frossati Co-lead: Massimo Bassan C3 Cryogenics for Upper Suspensions Lead: Roberto Passaquieti T1 Thermoelastic noise IGR – INT Mike Plissi Lead: Mike Plissi Co-lead: Michele Punturo INFN – LENS Francesco Marin CNRS – LKB Antoine Heidmann T2 Photothermal noise Lead: Antoine Heidmann Co-lead: Francesco Marin T3 Large area read-outs Lead: Paolo Falferi Co-lead: Antoine Heidmann

30 FP7 FP6 budget = 5% of Europes total public spending on civil research More and more aiming at Research of ‚real economic and social value‘.

31 FP7 ( ) Call for proposals (planned for late 2006) will be delayed by about one year Funding starting with top-down project; hence funding of our proposals delayed by another year starting 2009 earliest.

32 FP7 (2007-2013) Proposed total budget: 72726 Meuros 48000???
Cooperation 61% (Space 5.4%) Ideas 16% People 10% Capacities 10% RI 5.4% DUAL NETWORK DS LISA COOPERATION Themes (Using all funding schemes. Including international cooperation.) Health Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology Information and Communication Technologies Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies Energy Environment (including Climate Change) Transport (including Aeronautics) Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities Security and Space Total COOPERATION IDEAS European Research Council PEOPLE Marie Curie Actions CAPACITIES Research Infrastructures Research for the benefit of SMEs Regions of Knowledge Research Potential Science in Society Activities of International Co-operation TOTAL CAPACITIES Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre TOTAL EC LISA DUAL LISA NETWORK DS

33 The main objectives of the LISA Proposal
The European LISA research groups (low frequency GW community) are planning to prepare proposals for one or more of the following FP7 projects: A Research Training Network (for educating young researchers in low frequency data analysis) A Virtual Research Institute to integrate the European researchers interested in all aspects of low-frequency gravitational wave science, including, but not limited to, relativity, astrophysics, cosmology and data analysis. Possible participation in ILIAS NEXT with the intention of networking research groups in Europe interested in low-frequency gravitational waves.

34 Letter Of Intent for an FP7 Proposal (Ideas)
DUAL Realization of a prototype of an advanced wide-band acoustic detector: DUAL Mo Dual ton height 3.0m Ø 0.94m SiC Dual 62.2 ton height 3.0m Ø 2.9m

35 Gravitational Wave Research
NETWORK Letter of Intent for an FP7 Proposal (Capacities / Research Infrastructures) GWnet: A Network on Gravitational Wave Research

36 Current N5/GWA net: participants
NETWORK LAPP Annecy, University of Barcelona, University of Birmingham, Cardiff University, EGO Cascina, INFN Ferrara., INFN Firenze, INFN Frascati, MPI Garching, INFN Genova, University of Glasgow, MPI Golm, MPI Hannover, LZH Hannover, Universitat Illes Balears, Universitat Jena, INFN Legnaro, Leiden University, Imperial College London, IPN Lyon, INFN Napoli, OCA Nice, LAL Orsay, INFN Padova, Universite Paris VI, ESPCI Paris, INFN Perugia, INFN Pisa, CNR Roma, INFN Roma1, INFN Roma2, Universita di Trento, CNR-ITC Trento, Universität Tubingen, University of Warsaw 35 institutions, 7 countries (France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain) All members of Virgo, GEO, AURIGA, NAUTILUS/EXPLORER, MiniGRAIL collaborations Groups involved in R&D for future detectors (including most of the LISA European groups)

37 Main objectives of the network
to continue the exchange of information on subjects of common interests such as: - operation and commissioning of existing detectors - network data analysis to develop collaboration between the experimentalists and the theorists involved in gravitational wave related research on subjects such as: - science case for future detectors - properties of gravitational wave sources to develop the exchange of information with other fields of astronomy (gamma-rays, high energy cosmic rays and neutrino astronomy), to support the access of more people from more countries to the existing infrastructures by means of a visitor program

38 DS Letter of Intent for an FP7 Proposal (Capacities / Research Infrastructures) A Design Study of a European Gravitational Wave Observatory based on a Third Generation Laser Interferometer

39 Detector Sensitivities
Courtesy: B. Mours

40 (Prototype) Slide source K. Danzmann (modified)

41 Slide source M. Punturo (modified)

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44 Marie Curie Actions Human resources and mobility
Recent suggestions to propose a participation in MCA (Marie Curie Research Training Networks (RTN)) to educate PhD students in GW research. How to apply? (http://www.cordis.lu/mariecurie-actions/rtn/apply.htm) Proposals must be presented by a minimum of three mutually-independent legal entities (organisations or individuals) established in at least three Member States or Associated States of which two must be Member or Associated candidate countries. However, it is anticipated that a network will normally consist of a larger number of participants.

45 Marie Curie Actions Human resources and mobility

46 Marie Curie Research Training Networks (RTN)
These Networks provide the means for research teams of recognised international stature to link up, in the context of a well-defined collaborative research project, in order to formulate and implement a structured training programme for researchers in a particular field of research. Networks will provide a cohesive, but flexible framework for the training and professional development of researchers, especially in the early stages of their research career. Networks also aim to achieve a critical mass of qualified researchers, especially in areas that are highly-specialised and/or fragmented; and to contribute to overcoming institutional and disciplinary boundaries, notably through the promotion of multidisciplinary research. They will also provide a straightforward and effective means to involve the less-favoured regions of the EU and Associated Candidate Countries in internationally recognised European research co-operation.


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