3First European collaborations 1953 CERN1956 EURATOM1962 ESRO European Space Research Organisation1967 ILL (Laue-Langevin Institute)1969 Airbus
4Research in Europe info @ http://cordis.europa.eu.int/home.html Created European Research Area (2000) to counteract deficits in European researchinsufficient funding,lack of an environment to stimulate research and exploit resultsthe fragmented nature of activities and the dispersal of resources
6Framework Programmes1957: EURATOM treaty; Joint Research Centre set up1983: ESPRIT programme1984: First Framework Programme ( ), followed by 4 successive Framework Programmes (up to 2002)1987: “European Single Act” - science becomes a Community responsibility;Second Framework Programme ( )1993: Treaty on European Union; role of RTD in the EU enlarged2001: Proposal for the Sixth Framework Programme: FP6
7FP6 budget = 5% of Europes total public spending on civil research More and more aiming at Research of ‚real economic and social value‘.
13What is ApPEC http://appec.in2p3.fr/ Committee for the coordination of Astro-particle-Physics in Europe (Steeing Committee and Peer Review Committee)Founded by the big funding agencies for Astro-particle physics in Belgium, Germany, France, Greece, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland und Spain.More countries are about to join (have joined?) ApPEC: Finnland, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Chzech RepublicCERN as an international OrganisationAssociated: ESA, MPG
24Current N5/GWA net: participants NETWORKLAPP Annecy, University of Barcelona, University of Birmingham, Cardiff University, EGO Cascina, INFN Ferrara., INFN Firenze, INFN Frascati, MPI Garching, INFN Genova, University of Glasgow, MPI Golm, MPI Hannover, LZH Hannover, Universitat Illes Balears, Universitat Jena, INFN Legnaro, Leiden University, Imperial College London, IPN Lyon, INFN Napoli, OCA Nice, LAL Orsay, INFN Padova, Universite Paris VI, ESPCI Paris, INFN Perugia, INFN Pisa, CNR Roma, INFN Roma1, INFN Roma2, Universita di Trento, CNR-ITC Trento, Universität Tubingen, University of Warsaw35 institutions, 7 countries (France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain)All members of Virgo, GEO, AURIGA, NAUTILUS/EXPLORER, MiniGRAIL collaborationsGroups involved in R&D for future detectors (including most of the LISA European groups)
25Current N5/GWA net: objectives & contents NETWORK“Increase the level of European coordination in the field”“Help the enhancement of the performance of existing detectors”“Prepare the future of this discipline in Europe”“Open existing facilities to more people from more countries”“Help the structuring of a European GW research community”From Overall description and fundamental objectives of the I3 from ILIAS webpage“Gravitational Wave Antenna” (N5/GWA) The objective of this network is to increase the level of coordination in the field of gravitational wave research. It aims at linking the theoreticians and the groups working on the experimental detection using the two large European interferometers and the three resonant cryogenic detectors.“Three working groups:WG1: Detectors commissioning and characterizationWG2: Joint operation of detectors and network data analysisWG3: An European strategy for future detectorsBeside working group activities:Have bi-annual meetings involving the responsibles of the main projects and research poles (3 so far) Organize an annual general meeting open to all participants (Orsay in 2004, Palma de Mallorca in 2005)
27Gravitational Wave Antenna (GWA) Expected outcome ANNEX 1 – Description of Work for ILIAS - Contract number: RII3-CTChairmen: Hartmut Grote, Giovanni LosurdoThe results of Working Group 1 are expected to allow establishing a coordinated collaboration among the Anglo-German team working at the commissioning of GEO and the French-Italian team working at the commissioning of the Virgo detector. This collaboration will speed up the commissioning of the detectors and will allow testing similar characterization algorithms on the two detectors. Apart from the annual reports, the two teams will provide recommendations for short and long term improvements based on the detector commissioning results.Chairmen: Gianluca Guidi and Ik Siong Heng (advised by the former chairmen Giovanni Prodi and Sathyaprakash)The prospects of setting relevant astrophysical results (based on signal detection or upper limits) rely on the achieved degree of coordination of the community, given that the operation of many detectors as a network is required. Working Group 2 is expected to establish the necessary coordination among the groups involved in the operating detectors in order to perform joint observations and the related data analysis. Recommendations for the planning of joint observations and the technical aspects involved in the data exchange and analysis will be provided. In addition, the Working Group 2 will provide comparative studies on the achieved results on the observation and on the relevance of the participating detectors.Chairmen: Michele Punturo, Harald LückWorking Group 3 is focused on producing a plan setting up priorities and objectives for the existing and future detectors and defining a coherent global strategy around which the European gravitational waves community could unite and on pulling together their efforts, expertise and capabilities towards a common objective.The development of a European research community for gravitational waves is also expected to contribute to establishing more balanced and productive collaborations with non European communities ( USA , Japan ).
29Table 8 – Working group distribution vs tasks and Task Supervisors of Joint Research Activity 3 Working groupsCo-ordinatorTask SupervisorM1 Substrates for InterferometersIGR - MATGianpietro CagnoliLead: Vincent Loriette Co-lead: Michele PunturoINFN – AURIGAJean-Pierre ZendriINFN – VIRGO MATMichele PunturoCNRS - ESPCIVincent LorietteM2 Test Masses for resonatorsLead: Jean-Pierre Zendri Co-lead: Giorgio FrossatiINFN – ROG MATYuri MinenkovIFNPaolo FalferiLEIDENGiorgio FrossatiM3 Superconducting MaterialsINFN – PACORenzo ParodiLead: Renzo ParodiM4 Mirror CoatingsIGR – MATSheila RowanLead: Sheila Rowan Co-lead: Michele PunturoCNRS – SMAAlban RemilleuxCNRS – ESPCIM5 Suspension MaterialsLead: Michele Punturo Co-lead: Sheila RowanM6 Cosmic Rays Acoustic EffectINFN – ROG FRASCATIGiovanni MazzitelliLead:Giovanni MazzitelliC1 Cryogenics for Last Stage SuspensionsINFN – VIRGO CRYORoberto PassaquietiLead: Fulvio Ricci Co-lead: Giorgio FrossatiC2 Cryogenics for Ad. Resonant DetectorsINFN – ROG CRYOMassimo BassanLead: Giorgio Frossati Co-lead: Massimo BassanC3 Cryogenics for Upper SuspensionsLead: Roberto PassaquietiT1 Thermoelastic noiseIGR – INTMike PlissiLead: Mike Plissi Co-lead: Michele PunturoINFN – LENSFrancesco MarinCNRS – LKBAntoine HeidmannT2 Photothermal noiseLead: Antoine Heidmann Co-lead: Francesco MarinT3 Large area read-outsLead: Paolo Falferi Co-lead: Antoine Heidmann
30FP7FP6 budget = 5% of Europes total public spending on civil researchMore and more aiming at Research of ‚real economic and social value‘.
31FP7 ( )Call for proposals (planned for late 2006) will be delayed by about one yearFunding starting with top-down project; hence funding of our proposals delayed by another year starting 2009 earliest.
32FP7 (2007-2013) Proposed total budget: 72726 Meuros 48000??? Cooperation61%(Space 5.4%)Ideas16%People 10%Capacities 10%RI 5.4%DUALNETWORKDSLISACOOPERATIONThemes (Using all funding schemes. Including international cooperation.)HealthFood, Agriculture and BiotechnologyInformation and Communication TechnologiesNanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production TechnologiesEnergyEnvironment (including Climate Change)Transport (including Aeronautics)Socio-economic Sciences and the HumanitiesSecurity and SpaceTotal COOPERATIONIDEASEuropean Research CouncilPEOPLEMarie Curie ActionsCAPACITIESResearch InfrastructuresResearch for the benefit of SMEsRegions of KnowledgeResearch PotentialScience in SocietyActivities of International Co-operationTOTAL CAPACITIESNon-nuclear actions of the Joint Research CentreTOTAL ECLISADUALLISANETWORKDS
33The main objectives of the LISA Proposal The European LISA research groups (low frequency GW community) are planning to prepare proposals for one or more of the following FP7 projects:A Research Training Network (for educating young researchers in low frequency data analysis)A Virtual Research Institute to integrate the European researchers interested in all aspects of low-frequency gravitational wave science, including, but not limited to, relativity, astrophysics, cosmology and data analysis.Possible participation in ILIAS NEXT with the intention of networking research groups in Europe interested in low-frequency gravitational waves.
34Letter Of Intent for an FP7 Proposal (Ideas) DUALRealization of a prototype of an advanced wide-band acoustic detector: DUALMo Dual ton height 3.0m Ø 0.94mSiC Dual 62.2 ton height 3.0m Ø 2.9m
35Gravitational Wave Research NETWORKLetter of Intent for an FP7 Proposal (Capacities / Research Infrastructures)GWnet: A Network onGravitational Wave Research
36Current N5/GWA net: participants NETWORKLAPP Annecy, University of Barcelona, University of Birmingham, Cardiff University, EGO Cascina, INFN Ferrara., INFN Firenze, INFN Frascati, MPI Garching, INFN Genova, University of Glasgow, MPI Golm, MPI Hannover, LZH Hannover, Universitat Illes Balears, Universitat Jena, INFN Legnaro, Leiden University, Imperial College London, IPN Lyon, INFN Napoli, OCA Nice, LAL Orsay, INFN Padova, Universite Paris VI, ESPCI Paris, INFN Perugia, INFN Pisa, CNR Roma, INFN Roma1, INFN Roma2, Universita di Trento, CNR-ITC Trento, Universität Tubingen, University of Warsaw35 institutions, 7 countries (France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain)All members of Virgo, GEO, AURIGA, NAUTILUS/EXPLORER, MiniGRAIL collaborationsGroups involved in R&D for future detectors (including most of the LISA European groups)
37Main objectives of the network to continue the exchange of information on subjects of common interests such as: - operation and commissioning of existing detectors- network data analysisto develop collaboration between the experimentalists and the theorists involved in gravitational wave related research on subjects such as:- science case for future detectors- properties of gravitational wave sourcesto develop the exchange of information with other fields of astronomy (gamma-rays, high energy cosmic rays and neutrino astronomy),to support the access of more people from more countries to the existing infrastructures by means of a visitor program
38DSLetter of Intent for an FP7 Proposal (Capacities / Research Infrastructures)A Design Study of a European Gravitational Wave Observatory based on aThird Generation Laser Interferometer
44Marie Curie Actions Human resources and mobility Recent suggestions to propose a participation in MCA (Marie Curie Research Training Networks (RTN)) to educate PhD students in GW research.How to apply?(http://www.cordis.lu/mariecurie-actions/rtn/apply.htm)Proposals must be presented by a minimum of three mutually-independent legal entities (organisations or individuals) established in at least three Member States or Associated States of which two must be Member or Associated candidate countries. However, it is anticipated that a network will normally consist of a larger number of participants.
45Marie Curie Actions Human resources and mobility
46Marie Curie Research Training Networks (RTN) These Networks provide the means for research teams of recognised international stature to link up, in the context of a well-defined collaborative research project, in order to formulate and implement a structured training programme for researchers in a particular field of research. Networks will provide a cohesive, but flexible framework for the training and professional development of researchers, especially in the early stages of their research career. Networks also aim to achieve a critical mass of qualified researchers, especially in areas that are highly-specialised and/or fragmented; and to contribute to overcoming institutional and disciplinary boundaries, notably through the promotion of multidisciplinary research. They will also provide a straightforward and effective means to involve the less-favoured regions of the EU and Associated Candidate Countries in internationally recognised European research co-operation.