Presentation on theme: "Living and Working in Finland"— Presentation transcript:
1 Living and Working in Finland Information for an EU JobseekerIOLAVORO 9-10 OTTOBRE, TorinoEmployment and Economic Development Office of Hämeenlinna Region, FinlandUpdated in September 2009
2 Living and Working in Finland ContentsIntroductionLabour market situationSearching for a jobTraining and studyingMoving to FinlandLiving and working conditionsWhere to find further information
3 Introduction 5,3 million inhabitants parliamentary republic since 1917 neighbouring countries: Sweden, Norway, Russia, Estoniatwo official languages: Finnish (92%) and Swedish (5,5%)religions: Evangelical-Lutherans (80,6%), Orthodoxs (1,1%) (2008)member of the EU since 1995foreign citizens 2,7% (mainly in Helsinki metropolitan area) (2008)currency: Euro
4 Employed persons by sector 2nd quarter 2009 Source: Statistics Finland
5 Characteristics of the Finnish labour market 76% of employees work under a permanent full time contractSome 15% of employees work under a fixed-term contract, c. two thirds of these are womenWomen generally participate in the labour market, their employment rate being 68,5 %. Women are also mainlyfull-time employees.21 % of jobs are part-timeSome 75% of workers belong to a trade unionLabour shortages and unemployment commonly occur simultaneously in the Finnish labour marketSource: Statistics Finland 2009/08
6 Characteristics of the Finnish labour market Employment and unemployment in August 2009Number of employed persons 95,000 less than one year earlierEmployment rate 68,7% (OECD/ILO definition)Unemployment rate 7,6%, unemployed(OECD/ILO definition)new vacancies at employment offices (08/2009)Source: Labour Force Survey of Statistics Finland
9 Labour shortages most problematic sectors: health care and services TOP 10 Shortages (May 2009)registered nurse - hairdresser/barberpractical nurse - cleanerwaitress - taxi drivercook/chef - sales representative- sales agent - telesales person
10 Foreigners in Finland 2,7 % of the population are foreigners (143 200) Biggest nationality groups are Russians (26 900), Estonians(22 500), Swedes (8 500) and Somalis (4 900)The sectors with most foreign workers are agriculture & forestry,industry and constructionunemployed foreigners
11 Foreigners in Finland Biggest nationality groups (31.12.2008) Lähde: Väestötietojärjestelmä
12 Searching for a job National labour administration: www.mol.fi National labour administration:EURES Portal:Academic recruitment services:Companies often recruit through their own internet sites.Typical address is:List of 100 largest Finnish companies:Vacancies in the largest newspapersPrivate recruitment agencies e.gDirect contact with employers!
13 Standard application procedures CV and application letter - possibly also copies of school leaving certificates and referencesexamples of CVs:employers usually choose 3 to 5 applicants to be interviewedcertificates and references will be studied closelyfor demanding posts usually 2 to 3 interviews will be conducted; possible also an aptitude testsome employers make only the final selection - the rest of the recruitment process may be outsourced
14 Practical training and studying many practical training opportunities for international students and recent graduates in FinlandCentre for International Mobility (CIMO) organizes many of the practical training programmes - see also student organisations like ELSA, IAAS, IFMSA, AIESECMaster Thesis/ Thesis co-operation availabledegree studying (Bachelor’s or Master’s degree) is free of chargeMore information:CIMO - Centre for International Mobility
15 International student mobility Finland has 20 universities and 30 polytechnicsover 400 study programmes are taught in English in Finnish higher educationERASMUS student mobility in academic year : appr foreign students to Finland, mostly from Germany (1080), France (880), Spain (760), Poland (482) and Italy (394)Finland was one of the most popular destination countries for exchange students (7th among 31 countries)
16 Recognition of qualifications Finnish National Board of Education (OPH)Contact before coming to Finlandrecognition required for posts in public sectornot required for private sector, unless the profession in question is regulated (e.g. electricians, pilots)Right to practise profession needed for the following professions: health care professionals, veterinary surgeons, chartered public finance auditors, chartered accountants, advocates, seafarersDifferent authorities grant the rightMore information:
17 Moving to Finland - First steps EU registration at the local police:Population register and home municipality at the magistrate/registration office:Social security at the local social insurance office:If employed: Tax card at the local tax officeIf unemployed: Employment office
18 Transferring unemployment benefits / E 303 -form Contact your employment office in your home country well before your departure to Finland and ask for the E 303 -formRegister at the employment office in Finland within 7 days on your arrival and show the E 303 -form (the employment office signs the form)Hand out the form to the Kela officeOpen a bank account
19 Finnish unemployment benefits Documents concerning work and education historyE 301- form1) The unemployment allowance (employment condition 10 months)Basic allowance (social insurance, Kela)Earnings-related (unemployment funds, e.g )2) The labour market subsidyIntegration assistance to immigrantsFor a single person: 25,63 €/day (in 2009)(basic allowance and labour market subsidy)(earnings-related)
20 Terms of EmploymentCollective agreements specifying pay rates for various sectorsIf there is no collective agreement (e.g. domestic helpers), the salary should be at least €/month (in 2009)Regular working hours are 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week, with two days' leave per calendar month workedMore information:Ask for the employment contract in written form!
22 Taxation Income tax: Up to 6 months: tax at source 35% Income tax:Up to 6 months: tax at source 35%NB! Tax deduction of 510 € each month or 17 € per day for each working dayMore than 6 months: progressive income taxAverage Finnish salary €/month ( €/year):the share of taxes and compulsory contributions is between 21 and 26.5 %*More information:* local taxes vary from one city/municipality to the other; in addition, members of the Finnish Lutheran/ Orthodox church pay a church tax (1 – 2,25%)
23 Accommodation Where to look for? Where to look for?Internet portals:Yellow pages:Private companies: e.g.Newspapers:Information about housing in Finland:Municipalities in Finland:Youth hostels:
24 Accommodation How much will it cost? How much will it cost?Average rent for a two room flat (50 m2): 400 – 700 €/monthAverage price for a two room flat: – €In Helsinki metropolitan area the prices are considerably higher,in the countryside considerably lower
25 Further information: Welcome to Finland! Information of living and working, vacancies:Detailed information for foreign workers:Studying and practical training:General information:Welcome to Finland!