Presentation on theme: "Era of Reform REFORM = CHANGE. Sign Title: Beginning of Reform Why did the Second Great Awakening encourage reform? People encouraged to save their souls."— Presentation transcript:
Sign Title: Beginning of Reform Why did the Second Great Awakening encourage reform? People encouraged to save their souls through good deeds. How did Transcendentalists contribute to the spirit of reform? Questioned society’s rules and expectations.
Sign Title: Abolitionism Goal of the Movement: To abolish slavery Leaders of the movement: Frederick Douglass Angelina & Sarah Grimke Sojouner Truth
Sign Title: Women’s Rights Conditions before the movement: Women could not vote or hold office. Fathers & husbands controlled women's money & property. Husbands could physically discipline their wives. Leaders of the movement: Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Sign Title: Seneca Falls Grievances = Complaints Men did not let woman vote. Women had no property rights or the right to earn their own wages. Women were not allowed to practice professional medicine.
Advances Achieved New York gave women control over property and wages. Massachusetts and Indiana passed more liberal divorce laws. Women given right to vote.
Sign Title: Education Reform Conditions before reform Few areas had public schools. Schoolrooms were overcrowded Teachers had limited education and received little pay. Most children did not go to school.
Reform Reform: Horace Mann Reforms: New York set up public schools. Massachusetts voted to pay taxes to build better schools, pay teachers, & gave teachers training. By 1850 most white boys attended free public school. Universities accepted women.
Sign Title: Prison Reform Jailed inmates were in chains and lived in cages. Children were in jail with adult prisoners. Mentally ill were treated as criminals. Insufficient mental hospitals.
Reform Reform Leader: Dorothea Dix Reforms: New asylums were built. State govt. stopped placing debtors in prison. Special justice systems for children were set-up. Cruel punishments were outlawed.