A. Articles of ConfederationB. Constitution _____ 1. Each state has one vote in Congress _____ 2. Congress has the power to tax _____ 3. Each state can.
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A. Articles of ConfederationB. Constitution _____ 1. Each state has one vote in Congress _____ 2. Congress has the power to tax _____ 3. Each state can regulate trade with other states _____ 4. States accept Constitution as the supreme law of the land _____ 5. In the Legislative branch, Congress is made up of one house _____ 6. In the Legislative branch, Congress is made up of two houses- the Senate and the House of Representatives _____ 7. Each state has two votes in the Senate; each state has one or more votes in the House of Representatives, depending on population _____ 8. At least nine of thirteen states must approve a law _____ 9. Has an Executive Branch, headed by the President who carries out laws _____ 10. Has no Judicial Branch _____ 11. Only states can tax _____ 12. Only Congress can coin money
Class Objectives Identify the major features of the election of 1800 Identify the reason for the death of Alexander Hamilton Identify the major aspects of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency Define the major features and outcomes of Marbury vs. Madison Define Manifest Destiny Explain the major aspects of Lew and Clark expedition
Election of 1800 The Election of 1800 was between Thomas Jefferson (Democratic- Republican Party) and John Adams the incumbent (Federalist Party) The Federalists saw Jefferson as dangerous supporter of France and an opponent to religion The Democratic-Republicans viewed Adams as the puppet to the Northern wealthy elite who wanted to create a British-style monarchy
Controversy over the Election Jefferson won the election by 8 electoral votes, but his running mate Aaron Burr received the same amount of electoral votes In order to chose a victor, the vote went to the House of Representatives Alexander Hamilton due to his dislike of Burr, swayed the Federalists to vote for Jefferson giving him the victory The election would also serve as the first occasion where one political party would hand over control to another
Aftermath The election controversy led to the passing for the 12 th Amendment which casts separate votes for presidential and vice presidential candidates Power shifted peacefully between the two political parties but some controversy would remain Hamilton’s actions against Burr would lead to public feud that would lead to bloodshed
Hamilton and Burr After costing Burr the election, Hamilton continued his attacks against his political rival by printing unflattering remarks about Burr in the paper Angered by the insult, and hoping to gain publicity to help his political career, Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel When no reconciliation could be made the two met, and Burr fatally shot Hamilton got milk?got milk?
Jefferson Presidency Simple government necessary Tried to shrink the government and cut costs wherever possible Reduced the size of the army Halted a planned expansion of the navy Lowered expenses for government social functions Reduced the influence of the National Bank of America Expand the nation
Check for Understanding Who was the election of 1800 between, what parties were represented by who? What were the major controversies of the election of 1800? What were the results/aftermath of election of 1800? What were the major features of Jefferson’s presidency?
Marbury vs. Madison Chief Justice- John Marshall Summary- Marbury a “midnight judge” is not given his appointment and demands that the court order James Madison hand over the papers Result- Marshall declares that the Judiciary Act forcing Madison to hand over the document is unconstitutional since no where in the constitution is the Supreme Court given that right Judicial Review- The ability of the Supreme Court to declare an act unconstitutional
Louisiana Purchase Louisiana Purchase Napoleon Bonaparte regains control of the land west of the Mississippi from Spain Napoleon strapped for cash due to a costly war in Europe agrees to sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States for 15 million dollars Overnight, the United States doubles in size and has new territories to explore and settle The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 leads to a period of history known as Manifest Destiny where Americans expand westward
How does this painting depict Manifest Destiny?
Check for Understanding Who was the Chief Justice of the Marbury vs. Madison case? What is judicial review? Why were the Americans able to purchase the Louisiana Territory? What is Manifest Destiny? What did the Louisiana Purchase do for the United States?
Activity: Video Students will watch a video on Lewis and Clark and will write down 10 facts while watching.Lewis and Clark The facts will be your exit ticket from class The completed sheet will be turned in for a 10 point assignment