Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Challenges of Resource Efficiency Karolina Fras European Commission – DG Environment 21 October 2009.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Challenges of Resource Efficiency Karolina Fras European Commission – DG Environment 21 October 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Challenges of Resource Efficiency Karolina Fras European Commission – DG Environment 21 October 2009

2 1.Waste as a resource 2.Waste as a source of emissions 3.Waste as a tradable good

3 1.Waste as a resource Leakage of resources outside EU (illegal shipments) Untapped recovery potential + huge discrepancies between MS  Over 50% potentially recyclable waste disposed  Examples:  Paper (56% replaces primary material, but 31 to 66% of wasted recycling potential)  Iron, steel (75% replaces primary material, but 15 to 52% of wasted recycling potential)  Bio-waste (37% replaces primary material, but 31 to 98% of wasted recycling potential)

4 Current state of waste recovery in the EU 18 selected waste streams (85% of total waste in EU 27 in 2004) 46% recovered - 54% disposed Highest recovery rates:  Rubber & tyres  Iron & steel, copper, lead  Paper & cardboard Lowest recovery rates:  Bio-waste  Plastics  Textiles

5 Recycling, incineration and landfilling of municipal solid wastes in Europe Source: EEA, 2007.

6 2.Waste and emissions ConsultancyFocus / scenarioAdditional potential in Mt CO2 equivalent saved Oekopol Recycling MSW (WFD target) 88 Prognos Recycling MSW (WFD target) + 12 waste streams 140 – 230 Mt/year (16 – 27% of EU Kyoto target) FFact Energy from waste (40% in WtE) 45 EEA Decreased landfilling, increased recycling and energy recovery 85

7 3.Waste as a good Limited supply of certain raw materials in EU Dependence on imports Market distortions and volatility

8 Where are we now? Despite its maturity (30 years of waste framework Directive) the Community waste legislation is not implemented sufficiently well by all Member States and economic players:  Thousands of illegal landfills  More than 1 on 4 shipments of waste found to be illegal  Frequent infringement cases  Still high risk of damage to health and safety

9 Action? Legislation  revised WFD with its EOW criteria, waste hierarchy, separate collection and recycling targets  daughter directives on waste streams  new legislation?... Implementation  key issue, in all MS  WSR, Landfill and Waste Framework Directive as priorities  EU Waste Agency? Improved markets  quality of recyclates (info, labelling, standards)  transaction costs (exchange of info, facilitate search of business partners)  stable supply of secondary raw materials (improve waste collection and management schemes in MS)  other?...

10 Revised Waste Framework Directive and resource efficiency

11 Waste management hierarchy Life cycle thinking Clarification – streamlining definitions (recovery, recycling, waste, end-of-waste, by-products, etc) Obligation of separate collection New recycling targets Focus on prevention Elements promoting resource efficiency

12 Setting priorities with the 5-step Waste Hierarchy Order of priorities Moving waste management up the hierarchy Best environmental outcome Life-cycle approach PREVENTION PREPARING FOR REUSE RECYCLING (COMPOSTING) RECOVERY DISPOSAL

13 By 2020, the preparing for re-use and recycling of: 50% by weight of at least paper, metal, plastic and glass from household and possibly other origins as far as these waste streams are similar to waste from households; 70% by weight of non-hazardous construction & demolition waste; New recycling targets

14 New requirements concerning prevention:  MS to establish waste prevention programmes;  Programmes to set out prevention objectives, describe prevention measures, determine qualitative and quantitative benchmarks or targets for waste prevention; Indicators to be developed by the Commission; Commission to create a system for sharing information on best practice regarding waste prevention and develop guidelines for MS; New dimension of prevention

15 Other waste legislation and resource efficiency

16 SOME TARGETS IN EU WASTE LEGISLATION min recoverymin recyclingcollection rate Packaging 200860%55% Cars 201595%85%100% Electronics 200670%50%min 4 kg per inhabitant per year Batteries 2011 50% to 75% (efficiency) 201225% 2016 45% Tyres 20060 landfill of tyres Biowaste diverted from landfills 2006reduction to 75% of the 1995 level 2009reduction to 50% of the 1995 level 2016reduction to 35% of the 1995 level New targets 2015Separate collection: at least paper/metal/plastic/glass (WFD) 202050% household waste 202070% construction and demolition waste

17 What needs to be separately collected? WFD:  By 2015 separate collection shall be set up for at least the following: paper, metal, plastic and glass.  Bio-Waste  Waste Oils  Hazardous Waste Other waste legislation:  Batteries and accumulators  WEEE  ELV  Packaging  PCBc / PCTs  Tyres (landfill ban as of 2003 for whole and 2006 for shredded)

18 Conclusion and outlook Waste is one aspect of a broader concept of resource efficiency Waste Framework Directive and other Community legislation provide means to achieve resource efficient EU economy Implementation is a key to success, efforts need to be stepped up to improve it

19 European Commission

Download ppt "Challenges of Resource Efficiency Karolina Fras European Commission – DG Environment 21 October 2009."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google