Challenges of Resource Efficiency Karolina Fras European Commission – DG Environment 21 October 2009.
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Presentation on theme: "Challenges of Resource Efficiency Karolina Fras European Commission – DG Environment 21 October 2009."— Presentation transcript:
Challenges of Resource Efficiency Karolina Fras European Commission – DG Environment 21 October 2009
1.Waste as a resource 2.Waste as a source of emissions 3.Waste as a tradable good
1.Waste as a resource Leakage of resources outside EU (illegal shipments) Untapped recovery potential + huge discrepancies between MS Over 50% potentially recyclable waste disposed Examples: Paper (56% replaces primary material, but 31 to 66% of wasted recycling potential) Iron, steel (75% replaces primary material, but 15 to 52% of wasted recycling potential) Bio-waste (37% replaces primary material, but 31 to 98% of wasted recycling potential)
Current state of waste recovery in the EU 18 selected waste streams (85% of total waste in EU 27 in 2004) 46% recovered - 54% disposed Highest recovery rates: Rubber & tyres Iron & steel, copper, lead Paper & cardboard Lowest recovery rates: Bio-waste Plastics Textiles
Recycling, incineration and landfilling of municipal solid wastes in Europe Source: EEA, 2007.
2.Waste and emissions ConsultancyFocus / scenarioAdditional potential in Mt CO2 equivalent saved Oekopol Recycling MSW (WFD target) 88 Prognos Recycling MSW (WFD target) + 12 waste streams 140 – 230 Mt/year (16 – 27% of EU Kyoto target) FFact Energy from waste (40% in WtE) 45 EEA Decreased landfilling, increased recycling and energy recovery 85
3.Waste as a good Limited supply of certain raw materials in EU Dependence on imports Market distortions and volatility
Where are we now? Despite its maturity (30 years of waste framework Directive) the Community waste legislation is not implemented sufficiently well by all Member States and economic players: Thousands of illegal landfills More than 1 on 4 shipments of waste found to be illegal Frequent infringement cases Still high risk of damage to health and safety
Action? Legislation revised WFD with its EOW criteria, waste hierarchy, separate collection and recycling targets daughter directives on waste streams new legislation?... Implementation key issue, in all MS WSR, Landfill and Waste Framework Directive as priorities EU Waste Agency? Improved markets quality of recyclates (info, labelling, standards) transaction costs (exchange of info, facilitate search of business partners) stable supply of secondary raw materials (improve waste collection and management schemes in MS) other?...
Revised Waste Framework Directive and resource efficiency
Waste management hierarchy Life cycle thinking Clarification – streamlining definitions (recovery, recycling, waste, end-of-waste, by-products, etc) Obligation of separate collection New recycling targets Focus on prevention Elements promoting resource efficiency
Setting priorities with the 5-step Waste Hierarchy Order of priorities Moving waste management up the hierarchy Best environmental outcome Life-cycle approach PREVENTION PREPARING FOR REUSE RECYCLING (COMPOSTING) RECOVERY DISPOSAL
By 2020, the preparing for re-use and recycling of: 50% by weight of at least paper, metal, plastic and glass from household and possibly other origins as far as these waste streams are similar to waste from households; 70% by weight of non-hazardous construction & demolition waste; New recycling targets
New requirements concerning prevention: MS to establish waste prevention programmes; Programmes to set out prevention objectives, describe prevention measures, determine qualitative and quantitative benchmarks or targets for waste prevention; Indicators to be developed by the Commission; Commission to create a system for sharing information on best practice regarding waste prevention and develop guidelines for MS; New dimension of prevention
Other waste legislation and resource efficiency
SOME TARGETS IN EU WASTE LEGISLATION min recoverymin recyclingcollection rate Packaging 200860%55% Cars 201595%85%100% Electronics 200670%50%min 4 kg per inhabitant per year Batteries 2011 50% to 75% (efficiency) 201225% 2016 45% Tyres 20060 landfill of tyres Biowaste diverted from landfills 2006reduction to 75% of the 1995 level 2009reduction to 50% of the 1995 level 2016reduction to 35% of the 1995 level New targets 2015Separate collection: at least paper/metal/plastic/glass (WFD) 202050% household waste 202070% construction and demolition waste
What needs to be separately collected? WFD: By 2015 separate collection shall be set up for at least the following: paper, metal, plastic and glass. Bio-Waste Waste Oils Hazardous Waste Other waste legislation: Batteries and accumulators WEEE ELV Packaging PCBc / PCTs Tyres (landfill ban as of 2003 for whole and 2006 for shredded)
Conclusion and outlook Waste is one aspect of a broader concept of resource efficiency Waste Framework Directive and other Community legislation provide means to achieve resource efficient EU economy Implementation is a key to success, efforts need to be stepped up to improve it
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