Questions What Causes Phobias? How Can You Control Behavior?
What Causes Phobias? A phobia is an irrational fear. Phobias can be caused by classical conditioning. A previously neutral stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus that normally causes a particular response.
What Causes Phobias? Without any learning, the Unconditional Stimulus (US) causes the Unconditional Response (UR). A Conditional Stimulus (CS) becomes associated with the US. After learning, the CS causes a Conditional Reponse (CR).
What Causes Phobias? Some stimuli naturally cause fear responses. If a previously neutral stimulus (CS) becomes associated with a fear-provoking stimulus, a fear-response (CR) can result from the CS. Generalization and Discrimination
What Causes Phobias? Classical conditioning can also reduce phobias. Extinction Spontaneous recovery
How Can You Control Behavior? Operant Conditioning allows us to learn from the consequences of our behaviors. Behavior can be controlled by altering the consequences.
How Can You Control Behavior? Reinforcement increases a behavior. Punishment decreases a behavior.