Teaching Listening in TEFL classes Proposed by: Mrs. Neila Ben Rejeb
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1 Teaching Listening in TEFL classes Proposed by: Mrs. Neila Ben Rejeb KAU/ELC Summer 2008Teaching Listening in TEFL classesProposed by: Mrs. Neila Ben Rejeb
2 Plan Introduction: What are the possible solutions? 1) What is listening ?2) Why it is the hardest skill to masterWhat are the possible solutions?1) Importance of warming up Tasks2) While listening Tasks3) Post listening Tasks4) Difficulties met by listening teachers and useful tipsWorkshops: Group work1) Preparation of a listening lesson2) presentation of the work by groups spokeswomen3) Peer observation feedback and discussionConclusion:To what extent can a teacher be successful in a listening class ?
3 What is the main topic of the passage? How to transmit successfully information to learners is of a major importance to us as practitioners in the classroom not theoristsWhat is the main topic of the passage?How many types of health care systems are there in Britain?The general practitioner has many roles in Britain (True / false)“family medicine’’ is popular in:Britain / USA / both of them / all over the world
4 Introduction Listening to any material requires some particular kind of preparation prior to the act of listening1) What is listening in the first place?Listening is the ability to identify and understand a speaker’s accent or pronunciation , his vocabulary and his grammar, and grasping his meaning .An able listener is capable of doing these things Simultaneously (Howatt and Dakin)
5 2) Why is listening the hardest skill to develop? Wills lists a series of listening micro skills, she calls:Enabling skills:Predicting what people are going to talk about.Guessing at unknown words.Using one’s own knowledge of the subject that helps understand.Identifying relevant points (note – taking, summarizing)Recognizing cohesive devicesUnderstanding different intonation patterns and uses of stress that gives clues to meaning and social settingUnderstanding inferred information, speaker’s attitude or intention.
6 Listening is a challenging activity for students because: They are trying to understand every wordThey get left behind trying to work out what a previous word meant.They just don’t know the most important wordsThey don’t recognize the words they knowThey have problems with different accentsThey lack listening Stamina , they get tired .They have a mental blockThey are distracted by background noiseThey can’t cope with not having imagesThey have hearing problemsThey can’t tell the difference between the different voices
7 What are The possible solutions? 1- Importance of pre-listening tasks:In real life, it is unusual for people to listen to something.Without having some idea of what they are going to hear.To avoid boring students.To arouse interest among students, by using a picture or aHumor story.To make the students familiar with the context.Warm-up exercise step is an important preparation for the while listening stage.We can say how well students had done in class depends mostly on how well they had been warmed up.
8 Examples of warming -up tasks Setting the contextGenerating interestActivating current knowledge , what do you know about …?Acquiring knowledgeActivating vocabularyPredicting contextPre-learning vocabularyChecking/ understanding the listening tasks
9 Selection Criteria The time available The material available Selecting the appropriate tasks depends on:The time availableThe material availableThe ability of the classThe interests of the class
10 While-listening activities “How to listen” Tasks:Listen for gist (general idea, skimming)Listen for specific detail ( scanning)Listen for implication (What a statement implies)Listen for speaker’s attitude
11 “Listen and …” Activities Listen and repeatListen and recordListen and memorizeListen and transcribeListen and take notesVisual support: Pictures, maps, graphs,diagrams, supplying cultural notes
12 Post-listening Activities Role-playsGroup discussionMaking researches on the Netwriting essays on the same topicFill in the blanks, cloze test using thevocabulary acquired in the listening.
13 Difficulties met by listening teachers and useful tips Successful listening skills are acquired over time and with a lot of practiceThere are no rules in listening that can lead to improved skills as in grammar , writing or speakingMental Block is a main inhibitorA large number of learners are unable to understand something unless they see it
14 Useful tips Ask questions about stressed words Give them an easy task that you know they can do even if they don’t understand 90% of the wordsCut the listening into short segmentsand use pause button to give their brains a chance to catch up
15 Make sure the quality of the tape CD, and the recording is finePlan listening for when you know itwill be quiet outside, e.g. not at a lunchtime or when the class next-door is also having listeningMake students who have hearing problems sit in the frontConvince students to listen to English as often as possible but for short periods
16 Conclusion The role of the listening teacher is: A guide who is to give students helpA diagnoser who can identify listening problems and put them right.A designer who is able of selecting the adequate techniques, suitable tasks for students
17 Reminder Do not over-stuff your students, Remember they are a captive audiencefor a limited lapse of time , so you haveto give them the fundamental knowledge that a student must walk away with
18 To what extent are you able to make your students: enjoy the listening, acquire as much as they can the skill you’re teaching?That’s all what teaching is about.