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Philosophy 1 Introduction to Philosophy Spring, 2002 Dr. G. J. Mattey.

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Presentation on theme: "Philosophy 1 Introduction to Philosophy Spring, 2002 Dr. G. J. Mattey."— Presentation transcript:

1 Philosophy 1 Introduction to Philosophy Spring, 2002 Dr. G. J. Mattey

2 What is Philosophy? Three kinds of answer –Philosophy treats a certain subject-matter –Philosophy uses a certain method –Philosophy is the sort of thing people called “philosophers” have done

3 The Subjects of Philosophy Metaphysics: the general nature of reality Epistemology: the nature of knowledge Ethics: the values of human action Aesthetics: the nature of beauty Logic: the forms of inference History of Philosophy Philosophy of X (e.g., science)

4 The Methods of Philosophy Analysis of language or concepts Analysis of mental activity Theorizing about what is beyond experience Theorizing about methods Theorizing at a high level of generality Posing and trying to solve puzzles Support of claims through argumentation

5 The History of Western Philosophy Hellenic philosophy (Plato) Hellenistic philosophy (Epicurus) Medieval philosophy (Aquinas) Modern philosophy (Descartes) Analytic Philosophy (Russell) Continental philosophy (Sartre)

6 Time Line 6 th to 4 th cent. BC: Hellenic 3 rd cent. BC to 2 nd cent. AD: Hellenistic 3 rd cent. to 4 th cent.: Neo-Platonic 5 th cent. To 14 th cent.: Medieval 15 th cent. to 16 th cent.: Renaissance 17 th cent. to 18 th cent.: Modern 19 th and 20 th cent.: Analytic, Continental

7 Plan for the Course Part One: Metaphysics and Epistemology Part Two: Ethics Each class will cover reading from a classic text in the history of Western philosophy Emphasis will be on the most influential philosophical theories and the basic arguments supporting them

8 Philosophy’s Greatest Hits Plato: The Republic Aristotle: Metaphysics, Nichomachean Ethics Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature Kant Critique of Pure Reason, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals

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