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New Media Services & Regulations Hasan Ali Erdem Expert Radio and Television Supreme Council.

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Presentation on theme: "New Media Services & Regulations Hasan Ali Erdem Expert Radio and Television Supreme Council."— Presentation transcript:

1 New Media Services & Regulations Hasan Ali Erdem Expert Radio and Television Supreme Council

2 2 what is new media? refers to all those means of communication, representation and knowledge, in which we find the digitalization of the signal and its content that, possess dimensions of multimediality and interactivity - digital - interactive - mutimedial Source: Digital Media, Jan van Dijk, The Sage Handbook of Media Studies, 2004

3 3 media - periodic creation & dissemination of information and content - editorial responsibility - irrespective of the means and technology used for delivery, which are intended for reception - a clear impact on a significant proportion of the general public Source: Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)15 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on measures concerning media coverage of election campaigns

4 4 functions of media in a democratic society - the most important tool for freedom of expression in the public sphere - enabling people to exercise their right to seek and receive information - animate and provide a space for public debate - offer comment and opinion as part of political dialogue - increasing transparency and accountability - provide education, entertainment, cultural and artistic expression Source: Recommendation CM/Rec(2011)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on a new notion of media

5 5 types of communication Source: New ICTs and the Problem of Publicness, Maria Heller, European Journal of Communication, 2006

6 6 levels of social communication Source: A New Notıon Of Medıa? Medıa and Medıa-lıke Content and Actıvıtıes on New Communıcatıon Servıces, Karol Jakubowicz, 1st Council of Europe Conference of Ministers responsible for Media and New Communication Services, 2009

7 7 changing modes and patterns of social communication due to new technologies Source: McQuails Mass Communication Theory, Denis McQuail, Sage Publications, 2005

8 8 brand-new media services social media social media for communication - blogs: the huffington post - microblogs: twitter - social networking: facebook social media for collaboration & sharing information & crowdsourcing - wikis: wikipedia - social bookmarking: del.icio.us social media for multimedia content - photo: flickr - video & music: youtube - livecasting: justin.tv - presentation: slide share - virtual reality: second life

9 9 merger of social media & broadcasting

10 10 public interest objectives of regulations - protecting individual rights (freedom of expression and information, privacy, etc.) - ensuring a high level of protection of minors and human dignity - maximizing individual choice and access to information - ensuring diversity of content - ensuring plurality of ownership - ensuring fair and effective competition - protecting intellectual property rights Source: Marcelino Oreja, Seminar on Self-regulation in the media'. Jointly organized by the German Presidency of the European Union and the European Commission, 1999

11 11 media criteria and indicators – intent to act as media – purpose and underlying objectives of media – editorial control – professional standards – outreach and dissemination – public expectation Source: Recommendation CM/Rec(2011)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on a new notion of media

12 12 regulatory context analogue model - scarcity and few players (duopoly) - one-to-many - linear programming - mediated consumption environment - national boundaries Source: Stefaan Verhulst, About Scarcities and Intermediaries: the Regulatory Paradigm Shift of Digital Content Reviewed, The Handbook of New Media, Sage Publications, 2002 digital model - abundant players (branding) - many-to-many - convergence of sectors - non-linear programming (on demand) - disintermediation and individual consumption environment - transnational and global

13 13 self & co-regulation advantages of self-regulation over governmental regulation - increased efficiency - increased flexibility - increased incentives for compliance - transnational scope - increased expertise - reduced cost - minimized government intrusion in the speech field Source: Stefaan Verhulst, About Scarcities and Intermediaries: the Regulatory Paradigm Shift of Digital Content Reviewed, The Handbook of New Media, Sage Publications, 2002 considerations and challenges for self-regulation - it is almost always a misnomer and government involvement usually continues - the paradigm is different from deregulation or non-regulation - it involves significant regulatory costs - self-regulation requires active consumer and citizen consultation (corporatist) - strong and committed support or social responsibility from all parties is necessary; free-riders should be considered - a balance between the carrot and the stick may improve effectiveness

14 14 broadcasting in Turkey terrestrial broadcasting -22 national, 14 regional, 184 local, 220 tv stations in total; -38 national, 98 regional, 922 local, 1.058 radio stations in total. cable casting 81 tv stations. satellite broadcasting 265 tv stations, 49 radio stations. IPTV 53 tv stations.

15 15 Information and Communication Technologies Authority (ICTA) Annual statistics - Turkey 200720082009201020112012 Population70.586.25671.517.10072.561.31273.722.98874.724.26975.627.384 Mobile Telephony Subscriptions 61.975.80765.287.04962.779.55661.769.63565.321.74567.680.547 Broadband Subscriptions 4.609.0855.986.1016.782.6578.561.63214.004.45920.005.204 Mobile Broadband Subscriptions 396.3631.448.0206.454.80112.161.900

16 16 facebook users RankCountry Population (2012) Internet Users (2012) Facebook Users (2012) % Internet Users % Facebook Users % Facebook Users of Internet Users 1 United States 313,847,465245,203,319166,029,24078.13%52.9%67.71% 2 India 1,205,073,612137,000,00062,713,68011.37%5.2%45.78% 3 Brazil 193,946,88688,494,75658,565,70045.63%30.2%66.18% 4 Indonesia 248,645,00855,000,00051,096,86022.12%20.55%92.9% 5 Mexico 114,975,40642,000,00038,463,86036.53%33.45%91.58% 6 United Kingdom 63,047,16252,731,20932,950,40083.64%52.26%62.49% 7 Turkey 75,749,46136,455,00032,131,26045.71%40.29%88.14%

17 17 twitter users

18 18 thank you very much…


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