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**Gears and Gear Trains: Student Learning Goal**

The student will be able to identify and describe, in quantitative and qualitative terms, the operation and applications of gears (C3.1).

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Gears and Gear Trains SPH4C

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Gears Gears are toothed wheels on axles and are therefore members of the lever family. The teeth prevent slippage.

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Purpose Gears are used to transfer or change rotational speed. Example: The load gear will turn at 1/3 of the rotational speed of the effort gear (driver).

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Gear Ratio This ratio of the number of teeth of the effort gear to the number of teeth of the load gear is called the gear ratio.

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Gear Ratio This ratio of the number of teeth of the effort gear to the number of teeth of the load gear is called the gear ratio which is equal to the IMA.

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IMA Why would one want to use gears with an IMA of less than 1?

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IMA Why would one want to use gears with an IMA of less than 1? The trade-off is that when you reduce speed, you increase torque.

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Example What is the IMA of the following set of gears?

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Example What is the IMA of the following set of gears? IMA = 4 (or the gear ratio = 4:1)

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Gear Trains To create larger gear ratios, gears are often connected in gear trains, for example: Each gear turns at twice the speed of the one to its left, which means that the red gear turns at 2 x 2 x 2 = 8 times the speed of the blue gear.

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Planetary Gear Trains Planetary gear trains allow the output shaft to be along the same axis as the input shaft: Such a gearing system would be used in a device such as an electric screwdriver.

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More Practice Construction with Gears Lab Activity

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