Presentation on theme: "Warm Up What Mongol ruler whose birth name was “Temujin” is seen here?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm Up What Mongol ruler whose birth name was “Temujin” is seen here? “The greatest happiness is to scatter your enemy, to drive him before you, to see his cities reduced to ashes, to see those who love him shrouded in tears….”What Mongol ruler whose birth name was “Temujin” is seen here?What adjective best describes his quote?What actions of his reflect the quote above?
3 Small nomadic tribes who live in portable tents called “yurts” Skillful herders of sheep, horses, and camels in the Central Asian steppeVery aggressive to their enemiesLoosely organized into tribes and clans
5 His father was a clan chief Born “Temujin” around 1162His father was a clan chiefHe becomes clan leader and defeats all his rivals to unify all of the Mongols around 1200Takes on the title Genghis Khan or “universal ruler”
6 Used bows, arrows, and swords but also canons – a new technology Skilled attacking on horsebackOften faked a retreat to lure enemies into a trap
12 Forcibly relocated many artisans and merchants to central Asia Created a written Mongol languagePracticed religious toleration- spread Buddhism, Islam & DaoismThe Mongol Mail system (later copied in US as Pony Express) unified Asia
14 Empire divided into khanates New leaders not as strong as Genghis or Kublai KhanResentment against Mongol rule grows in Russia and ChinaEmpire becomes too big and diverse to manage
15 Kublai Khan (Timujin’s Grandson) established the Yuan dynasty in China and welcomed Marco Polo the Venetian explorer.Gunpowder and cannons- invented in China and used by the MongolsThe Black Death- the Plague began in Asia but decimated Europe in 1347 killing 1/3 of the population