Presentation on theme: "Controlling Chemical Reactions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Controlling Chemical Reactions Chapter 6 Section 3
2 Energy and ReactionsActivation Energy: is the minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction.All Chemical reactions require a certain amount of activation energy to get started.
3 Rates of Chemical Reaction Factors that affect rates of chemical reaction include:1. Surface Area: If you break a substance into smaller pieces more particles will be exposed and the reaction happens faster.2. Temperature: if you increase the temperature of a substance the particles will move faster, will hit each other more often and will have more energy therefore, the reaction will happen faster.
4 3. Concentration: A third way to increase the rate of chemical reaction is increasing concentration. Concentrated substance has more of the particles in a given volume.4. Catalysts: Catalysts are substances that increase the rate of chemical reaction. Example, enzymes
5 5. Inhibitors: Some reactions need to be slowed down, inhibitors are substances that slow down the rate of chemical reactions. Example: Food preservatives.