Presentation on theme: "Tree Map! With a partner, you will now make a tree map."— Presentation transcript:
1 Tree Map! With a partner, you will now make a tree map. Your tree will have two main branches—Parts of governmentOutside organizations that limit government.For each branch, I want you to tell me:Two important purposes of that branch in an advanced democracy.One way that that branch could be different in an illiberal democracy or authoritarian regime.
2 Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces within a state EQ: What makes a country legitimate in the eyes of it’s citizens?
3 Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces Centripetal Forces—Forces that pull a country togetherCentrifugal Forces—Forces that cause fighting within a countryExamples?
4 LegitimacyLegitimacy—A government’s right to rule in the eyes of its own citizens.3 Types of legitimacyTraditional legitimacyCharismatic legitimacyRational-legal legitimacy
5 Traditional Legitimacy Tradition determines who should rule and how.Can be based on religious beliefs (sharia law)Can be based on Mandate of HeavenCan be based on family ruleRoyal family in Great Britain
6 Charismatic Legitimacy Based on the dynamic personality of an individual or group.Generally very short-lived, lasts one generation.Can be very strong for a short period of time.
7 Rational-legal legitimacy Legitimacy is based on a system of well established laws and proceduresAnchored by strong institutionsBased on the acceptance of rule of lawThe system lasts beyond one individualDo the British have a Constitution?
8 Types of LawCommon Law—Law based on tradition, past practices, and legislation, and past legal rulingsEx. United KingdomCode law—Based on a comprehensive system of written rulesEx. Mexico, China, Russia
9 Cleavages Divisions within a society that result in hostile feelings. Examples in the United States?
10 Social Class Cleavages Cleavages based on economic or social classBiggest cleavage in the UK in the 20th centuryWorsened if there are large gaps between economic classesWorking/lower classMiddle ClassUpper class
11 Ethnic Cleavages The most divisive cleavage for most countries Big cause of the dissolution of the USSRCan lead to competing nationalisms within a country
12 Religious Cleavages Divisions within a country based on religion Sometimes closely related to ethnicity, but not always
13 Regional CleavagesWithin many states, different regions have different political values and attitudes.Often linked to economic or ethnic differences between regions.
14 Coinciding and Crosscutting Cleavages Coinciding Cleavage—Multiple disputes that align the same groups against each other.Ex.—Travon Martin—How?Cross-cutting cleavages—Disputes that unite groups that are normally hostile to each other, or divide groups that are normally in agreement.Ex.—Syrian War and Congress
15 Public PolicyThe laws that are passed and implemented by the government.Many times, public policy is used to ensure legitimacy and to attempt to minimize cleavages.
16 Review!Do you think the United States has more centripetal or centrifugal forces?What type of legitimacy do you think the President Obama has? Why?What is the difference between common and codified law?Give an example of a social cleavage anywhere in the world.Give an example of an ethnic cleavage anywhere in the world.Give an example of a regional cleavage anywhere in the world.
17 Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces in Our School Please answer the following questions on a sheet of paper. NO NAMESHow strong do you think the legitimacy of our school administration is? Explain.What type of legitimacy do you think our administration best fits?Do you think our school has more centripetal or centrifugal forces? Why?What do you think are the strongest cleavages at our school? Classify and explain.What policies has our school enacted to address those cleavages?If, for any question, you cannot think of an answer, you may make up something for our school or substitute the United States.
18 Sovereignty– The authority of a state to govern itself and its territory Failed state—A state/government that has lost the ability to govern its territory