2 What is Passive means?It’s a verb form that meets two requirements. First, it must have a past participle. And second, its subject fills a different semantic role than in the active voice.
3 What is Active means?Active voice in grammar is when the subject of the sentence performs the action of the verb. In this lesson, we will learn the difference between active and passive voice and how using the active voice can make your writing better.
4 Active Vs. Passive Active:- a) Mary helped the boy. S V O Passive : - b) The boy was helped by Mary.S V O
5 Tense forms of the Passive Tenses Active PassiveSimple present Mary helps the boy The boy is helped by Mary.Present progressive Mary is helping the boy The boy is being helped by Mary.Present perfect Mary has helped the boy The boy has been helped by Mary.Simple past Mary helped the boy The boy was helped by Mary.Past progressive Mary was helping the boy The boy was being helped by Mary.Past perfect Mary had helped the boy The boy had been helped by Mary.Simple future Mary will help the boy The boy will be helped by Mary.Be going to Mary is going to help the boy The boy is going to be helped by Mary.Future perfect Mary will have helped the boy. The boy will have been helped by Mary.
6 Let’s try some exercises Convert below sentences for passive voice and name the tenses.Tom is opens the door.-> The door is opened by Tom. ( Simple present)2) Bob wrote that letter.-> The letter was written by Tom. (Simple past)3) Your teacher will write a report.-> A report will be written by your teacher. (Simple future)