Presentation on theme: "Reference on reddit: Can we help?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Reference on reddit: Can we help? Jeff MausAngela HenshilwoodJeff
2 Introduction to reddit JeffReddit founded in 2005 in Medford Mass, by Steve Huffman and Alexis OhanianJanuary 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent companyAaron Swartz was also involved in the creation of RSS, and the Creative Commons License
3 Here’s AS at 15 in 2002 with Lawrence Lessig at the launch of CC [Lawrence Lessig = Law Professor at Harvard, Uni Chicago Law School, Stanford, another founder of CC]While studying at MIT he downloaded 5 million docs from JSTOR – he was about 24He was charged with 2 counts of wire fraud and 11 violoations of the computer Fraud and Abuse Actfaced a maximum penalty of $1 million in fines, 35 years in prison,and restitutionTwo days after the prosecution rejected a counter-offer by Swartz, he was found dead in his Brooklyn apartment, where he had hanged himselfIn March 2013 Aaron Swartz received posthumous recognition in Washington for his efforts promoting free access to taxpayer-funded research.The James Madison Freedom of Information Award is administered by the American Library Association, and recognizes "individuals who have championed, protected and promoted public access to government information and the public’s right to know national information."In March, the editor and editorial board of the Journal of Library Administration resigned en masse, citing a dispute with the journal's publisher, Routledge. One board member wrote of a "crisis of conscience about publishing in a journal that was not open access" after the death of Aaron SwartzTalking about AS to highlight the fact that reddit was founded in the spirit of free access to information
4 In 2014 reddit had 174,088,361 unique visitors from 186 countries 3,267,477 (2%) logged in to comment and vote on 6,175,912,111 pages
5 Pew internet report 201315% of male internet users ages say they use redditcompared with 5% of women in the same age range and 8% of men agesSo important to note that reddit users are the key demographic for academic libraries
6 reddit Regional Interest - Google Trends This shows where reddit is popular and Canada is #1https://www.google.ca/trends/explore#q=reddit
12 AMA with Neil deGrasse Tyson comments, usernames, karma, downvotes – moderators delete abusive/promotional comments, bad content is hidden, good content rises1212
13 List of subreddits recommended for academic librarians by Sanderson & Rigby (2013) Also an example of all the different topics covered by subreddits and how there are serious issues and a lot there for students and scholars
14 Subreddits recommended by our audience? r/ELI5 (Explain like I’m 5) r/askhistoriansJeff
15 Introduction to r/scholar Jun 15, 2009 /r/Scholar is bornOct 30, 2012 /r/Scholar had 10K subscribers when we started trackingJun 29, 2014 /r/Scholar hits 20K subscribersTotal Subscribers22,972 (Jan 18)r/scholar is a subreddit is for requesting and sharing specific articles available in various databases. “Please no requests for help with finding sources for your research. Look around a bit before posting.”We can compare this to a reference interaction where a student has found an interesting article they want but can’t access it.So can librarians help on r/scholar?
16 Well, one academic librarian tried in this way: He or she offered to help by sharing copyrighted material and basically he was refused – he was told we’re doing fine as we are and there’s no need to risk their jobso what is the current system that’s working for them?
17 r/scholar Rules Are you requesting? READ THIS. See if your article is already available by checking libgen (search using DOI), Google, and Google Scholar.Provide us a link to the downloadable article. If you can't find one, tell us you tried.If the request isn’t urgent, please try an interlibrary loan (ILL) first. ILL avoids potential copyright issues and lets libraries know which subscriptions are useful.Fulfill some requests while you wait for yours!This slide represents the “rediquette” – the rules of the subreddit so to speakSo you can see here that there’s an emphasis on showing that you tried to find it yourselfThe encourage all the legal channels and provide links to recommended open access journals, including doing an ILL requestAnd it doesn’t feel like that is just lip serviceReciprocity – so help out as well as receive help
18 r/scholar Rules cont’d Are you fulfilling?Please be aware of copyright issues and Fair Use Copyright.To share files, ge.tt and zippyshare are free and reliable.Be aware that many journal sources embed identifying information into the PDF.Thanks for helping your fellow scholars!In an effort to encourage the free distribution of knowledge, please also consider using these open access links for your research:Directory of Open Access JournalsList of open-access journalsPublic Library of ScienceGoogle ScholarShows seriousness and self-policingVs other sites or even other subreddits
19 Our Analysis:Looked at 100 requests in r/Scholar (beginning of December 2014)Covers 9 daysAverage 11 requests per day (some days 14, some days 5)
24 How files were sharedOf the 45 requests that were filled, 18 were directed to LibGen to find the item thereThe other three are dropbox like sites where as LibGen is a different kind of database – and Jeff is going to explain more about that now
25 What is LibGen? LibGen taken down at beginning of January One of the originators and he owned the libgen.org and hosted the main site, “iomobil” died of cancer and took his passwords with himBut there are mirror sitesLibGenBased in Russiathis is the largest currently openly available collection.+1 million files of mainly non-fiction ebooks,+900k of mainly fiction ebooks+20 million papers from journals of science, history, art etc.comics, magazines and paintings; totally amounting to at least 30 TB --easily the Library of Congress of the digital world.The Libgen movement mainly focusses on downloading wholecollections that have already been posted in fora or as torrents, although a significant portion is also due to individu
27 LibGen Usage by Country Google Trends Source:2727
28 - Shows libgen extension for amazon - http://torrentfreak 800 dl, pulled by Google after 3 days
29 “anyone know of a virtual “reference desk” on reddit and would anyone would be interested in starting one?”From 4 years ago – and this user “anisland” came back another time to say, “I’m still interested in this but just haven’t had time” but nothing ever came of itAnd anisland is not active on reddit anymoreThe most upvoted response: I’d love to help but I work at a library and I see what the reference people go through every day. I can’t do it! Great idea though. “- But generally considered a good idea – and recognized as a different thing than r/scholar
34 Marketing Sanderson & Rigby (2013) “We’ve reddit, have you?:What librarians can learn from a site full of memes”Marketing- There is still not a lot of research or writing on reddit yet in the library and information literatureOne interesting article that we did find was published last year in College & Research Libraries News by Beth Sanderson & Miriam RigbySanderson & Rigby recommend reddit to librarians but NOT for marketing purposesExplore how reddit users share information, engage in discourseThe authors investigate reddiquette as it relates to information literacy (e.g. reddit community expects proper citing, p. 519).“In order to participate properly, Reddit, in essence, indoctrinates users into being information literate, lest they be downvoted into oblivion” (519).Sanderson and Rigby say that “Reddit using students often come into [their] classes having strong information literacy skills; especially regarding evaluating information and knowing the importance of original sources and recognizing the author” (519)Sanderson & Rigby notice that students who are also redditors are primed to think about and discuss info activism, information ethics, “due to major advocacy work that is channeled through reddit, such as informing people and campaigning against/for legislation concerning digital copyright laws, privacy, net neutrality, censorship, etc.” (519)
36 r/UofTcomments, usernames, karma, downvotes – moderators delete abusive/promotional comments, bad content is hidden, good content rises3636
37 Jeff Maus Angela Henshilwood Thank you!Jeff MausAngela HenshilwoodJeff
38 BibliographySanderson, B., & Rigby, M. (2013). We've reddit, have you? what librarians can learn from a site full of memes. College & Research Libraries News, 74(10), Retrieved fromHalavais, A. (2013). Home made big data? challenges and opportunities for participatory social research. First Monday, 18(10) doi:http://dx.doi.org/ /fm.v18iReddit Draws Readers, Authors, Publishers. (2013). Publishers Weekly, 260(51), 6-7.
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