Presentation on theme: "The Learning Cycle Lesson"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Learning Cycle Lesson Making learning meaningful.
2 The Learning Cycle Lesson research-based teaching strategyeffective in planning social studies lessonspromotes conceptual change and increases students’ meaningful learning
3 Three PhasesExploratory IntroductionLesson DevelopmentExpansion
4 Exploratory Introduction Enables the students to become more aware of their own reasoning and recognize shortcomings in their prior knowledge.
5 Ask: What activities will enable my students to: become aware of and make public their prior knowledge?have the opportunity to try out their prior knowledge in a new setting?compare their prior knowledge to the new idea and recognize flaws in their prior knowledge?
6 The Teacher’s Rolepresent one or two key questions to confront the students’ thinkingraise questionsfacilitate the students’ explorationstand back and observe
7 Important Components of the Exploratory Phase use cooperative learning groupsinclude interaction and explorationinclude a formative assessment to determine prior knowledge and misconceptions
8 Formative Evaluationprovides the teacher with information to determine students’ learningused for monitoring and diagnosing
9 Lesson DevelopmentDiscuss results of the exploratory introduction, providing connections to the new social studies idea.Teach the new idea. Include interesting practice activities.Model and/or practice.Provide closure for the new idea.
10 Ask: What activities will: provide my students with a clear explanation and sufficient practice to allow them to connect the new idea to what they already know?enable my students to construct their own “new” knowledge based on the new idea?
11 The Teacher’s Role explain provide examples check for understanding guideprovide closure (a clear description of the idea or skill with which they have been working)
12 Important Components of the Lesson Development Phase provides more than one form of explanationgives clear examplesuses modelingchecks for understandingincludes a formative assessment
13 Expansion PhaseApply and transfer the new social studies idea or skill to different situations.
14 Ask: What activities will: enable my students to apply the new knowledge in relevant contexts?help my students develop successful procedures for making decisions and solving problems while transferring the new idea to other settings?
15 The Teacher’s Role provides some but less guidance provides activities for the transfer of the new concept or skillencourager
16 Important Components of the Expansion Phase allow students to apply the new skill or idea into a situation that is meaningful to them personallyinclude a summative assessment to check for transfer of the new idea into the new situation
17 Summative AssessmentExamines students’ progress at the end of an activity, lesson, or unitAny grades that are given are taken from summative assessments and not formative
18 Formative Assessments ConferencesObservationsChecklistsQuestions and AnswersFirst draftsPre-testsJournalsself and peer assessments
21 References: Karplus, R. (1974) References: Karplus, R. (1974). Science curriculum improvement study teachers handbook. Berkeley, CA: University of California. Sunal, C. & Haas, M. (2008). Social studies for the elementary and middle grades. Boston, MA: Pearson Education Incorporated. Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
22 Quick QuizWhat are the three phases of a learning cycle lesson?