Presentation on theme: "Buddhism vocabulary Amita/Amitabha – Buddha associated with Pure Land Buddhism very popular in Japan. Anatman – Buddhist doctrine of no-self. There is."— Presentation transcript:
Buddhism vocabulary Amita/Amitabha – Buddha associated with Pure Land Buddhism very popular in Japan. Anatman – Buddhist doctrine of no-self. There is no “self” that migrates from one life to the next in reincarnation because we are only a composite of five skandhas or elements. Arhat – Someone who has achieved nirvana. Bardo – A period of transition between death and rebirth when a person must travel through the stages (bardos) of death in the hope of reaching nirvana. These bardos are explained in the Tibetan Book of the Dead. Bodhi – The Buddhist concept of enlightenment. Once enlightenment occurs then one can enter nirvana, a state of non-consciousness.
Bodhisattva – An enlightened being who remains in the world to help others. Buddha – An enlightened being. Someone who has achieved bodhi. Dalai Lama – The leader of Tibetan Buddhists. Dharma – The teaching of the Buddha, truth, and virtue. Dukkha – Suffering. There are three kinds of dukkha: physical suffering, suffering that comes from greed and anxiety, and suffering that comes from discontentment with life. Eightfold Path –Buddhist virtues and lifestyle that help a person achieve enlightenment: right knowledge, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and meditation. Five Precepts – Buddhist ethical precepts: do not harm, do not steal, do not lie, do not engage in improper sexual behavior, and do not use intoxicants.
Four Noble Truths – 1) Life is dukkha, suffering. 2) Dukkha or suffering is caused by tanha desire, craving, and attachment to the things of this world. 3) The problem of suffering can be solved. Attachment to the things of this world can be conquered. Dukkha and tanha can be overcome through nirvana. Nirvana means “no craving”. When we reach Nirvana we no longer crave the things of this life so Dukkha or suffering comes to an end. 4) Dharma (the teaching of the Buddha) and the Eightfold Path is the way to nirvana and enlightenment. We can have victory over attachment to this world and can attain Nirvana through following the Eightfold Path.
Impermanence – Buddhist doctrine concerning the transient nature of reality. Everything is changing. Karma – Thee effects of a person’s actions that determine their fate in this life and the what will happen to them in the next life. Karuna – Compassion. Koan – A paradoxical story, riddle, or question that has no solution; used in Zen Buddhism to show the weakness of logic and reason. Mahayana – The most popular form of Buddhism. Mahayana is prevalent in Tibet and East Asia. Mahayana Buddhists emphasize compassion (karuna) and the desire to bring all beings to enlightenment. Maitreya – The future Buddha who will appear on earth lead people back to the teachings of Siddhartha’s Dharma. Mandala – Geometric designs that symbolize the universe or reality. Mandalas are used by Buddhist monks to help them focus during meditation.
Mantra –A word, syllable, or phrase repeated over and over during meditation. Nirvana – The cessation of consciousness. When a person reaches nirvana they experience the extinction of desire, suffering, consciousness. Samsara - Cycle of repeated birth, death, and rebirth. Sangha - Buddhist community of monks and nuns Shakyamuni – The historical Buddha Siddhartha Gautama. Shakyamuni means “wiseman (muni) of the Shakya clan”. Skandhas – Elements of which people are made. There are five skandhas: form, sensation, perception, thoughts, and consciousness. Sutra – Buddhist Scripture Tanha –Grasping, attachment, and desire for things and pleasure. Tantra – Esoteric teachings about activities and purification rituals that help the practitioner reach supernatural powers.
Theravada – The ‘tradition of the Elders’. A conservative and smaller group of Buddhists who emphasize personal salvation through your own efforts. Three Jewels – Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha. Three Characteristics of Existence – 1)Dukkha, suffering 2)Anitya, impermanence 3)Anatman, no-self Vajrayana – “thunderbolt vehicle” Tantric Buddhism found in Tibet.