2 Think, Pair, ShareWhat issues do African Americans face in the South and North post-Civil War?
3 Booker T. Washington Background Son of a slave Worked his way from West Virginia coal mines to collegeFelt that black people should work to gain equal rightsBelieved African Americans would “earn” equality graduallyBackground
4 Booker T. Washington Accomplishments Developed university-level programs centered on vocational trainingOpened the Tuskegee Institute in AlabamaWrote autobiography Up From SlaveryReceived white supportAccomplishments
5 W.E.B. DuBoisDisagreed with Washington’s tolerance of “separate but equal”Called for immediate equalityBelieved in the “Talented 10th”Educating the top 10% of African Americans will help further the race as a wholeBackground
6 W.E.B. DuBois Accomplishments First African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard UniversityWrote The Souls of Black FolkHelped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)Accomplishments
7 Highlights Booker T. Washington W.E.B. DuBois Born a slave in Virginia Believed in vocational training (job skills) for African AmericansEstablished Tuskegee Institute in AlabamaBelieved in gradual equality for blacksReceived white support; not always popular with liberal blacksWrote Up from Slavery (1901)Born in 1868 in MassachusettsWanted immediate equality for African AmericansIt was wrong to expect blacks to “earn” their equalitygetting an education should be of primary focus for all blacksWrote a collection of essays called The Souls of Black Folk
8 On Your Own…Explain one immediate positive aspect of Washington’s philosophy for African Americans.Explain one immediate positive aspect of DuBois’ philosophy for African Americans.
9 In Groups…Explain at least 1 positive aspect of Washington’s philosophy in the long term for African Americans. Think about the implications & ramifications through until today.Explain at least 1 positive aspect of Washington’s philosophy in the long term for African Americans. Think about the implications & ramifications through until today.
10 The SpectrumBooker T. Washington’s approach was the best for African Americans.W.E.B. DuBois’ approach was the best for African Americans.Put yourself in the place of an African American in the late 1800s/early 1900s. With whom would you agree had the best approaching for furthering the success of the African American people? You must think in the context of the late 1800s/early 1900s.
11 In Groups… Washington or DuBois? Whose philosophy would be the best course for African American civil rights?Why?
12 In Groups…Identify:Your recommendations for maximizing the success of the formerly-enslaved southern blacksYour recommendations for maximizing the success of the northern blacksYour recommendations for minimizing the gap between southern and northern blacksThe obstacles and difficulties that may occur or that may be encountered