Presentation on theme: "DO NOW: Look at the “Making Comparisons” chart on"— Presentation transcript:
1 DO NOW: Look at the “Making Comparisons” chart on p. 206 and answer the 5 questions
2 Make a Frayer Diagram to show the meaning of the word “Constitution” DO NOW:Make a Frayer Diagram to show the meaning of the word “Constitution”DefineWhat are the parts of the Constitution? (p )ConstitutionExamples(can be drawings)How does it divide power?
4 We will learn… How the federal government divides powers Why different groups objected to the new Constitution
5 Rising Sun chair, Constitutional Convention Click the Speaker button to replay the audio.
6 I. Roots of the Constitution British System of GovernmentWhat British document provided an important model for the Americans?The English Bill of Rights of 16892. What idea did the Enlightenment promote?Knowledge, reason, and science could improve society
7 II. The Federal System The Constitution Shared Powers – What is federalism?Sharing of powers between federal and state governmentsB. The Constitution Becomes Supreme Law of the Land – Under the new system, what became the final and supreme authority in disputes between the federal government and state governments?The Constitution
9 Review: Look at the following diagram and answer the questions 1. Where do the powers shown in the Venn diagram come from?2. Does it look like the way the powers are divided makes sense? (In other words, list one national power it wouldn’t make sense for a state to have and one state power it wouldn’t make sense for the national government to have – explain why.)3. Why are there “shared powers”? Does that make sense? Why or why not?4. What is the constitutional principle that is represented by the Venn diagram?
10 III. The Organization of Government The Legislative Branch – What are the powers of Congress?collect taxes, coining money, regulating tradeB. The Executive Branch – Who or what indirectly elects the president and vice president?The Electoral CollegeC. The Judicial Branch – Which courts are included in the judicial branch?Supreme Court and lower federal courts
11 III. The Organization of Government D. System of Checks and Balances – What does the separation of powers prevent?It prevents any one branch of government from gaining too much powerE. National Citizens – What did the new government pledge?to protect the personal freedoms of its citizens
15 IV. The Constitutional Debate Federalists – What are the names of two highly respected men who were federalists?George Washington and Benjamin Franklin
16 IV. The Constitutional Debate B. Antifederalists – Why did the Antifederalists fear an energetic central government?They thought it would be government by a small, educated group of peopleC. Protecting Rights – What was the strongest criticism against the new Constitution?It lacked a Bill of Rights
17 V. Adopting the Constitution What two states were important to the future of the new government?New York and Virginia2. When would a bill of rights be added?1791
19 (Use the worksheet provided) ReviewWork with your partner to list the differences between Federalists and Anti-Federalists.(Use the worksheet provided)
20 Federalists Better organized Supported by Benjamin Franklin and George WashingtonSupported the new ConstitutionBacked by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay – all wrote series of essays defending the Constitution that appeared in The Federalists PapersFeared there would be disorder without a strong constitutionWanted the national government to be stronger
21 Antifederalists Opposed ratification of the Constitution Said new constitution would take away libertiesDidn’t want a strong national government, preferred local governments close to the peopleThought the Constitution ignored the will of the people and statesThought it favored the wealthy few over common peopleFeared the government would be run by a small educated groupWanted a Bill of RightsFeared oppression more than disorder