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1 DO NOW: Look at the “Making Comparisons” chart on
p. 206 and answer the 5 questions

2 Make a Frayer Diagram to show the meaning of the word “Constitution”
DO NOW: Make a Frayer Diagram to show the meaning of the word “Constitution” Define What are the parts of the Constitution? (p ) Constitution Examples (can be drawings) How does it divide power?

3 7-3 Guided Reading Notes

4 We will learn… How the federal government divides powers
Why different groups objected to the new Constitution

5 Rising Sun chair, Constitutional Convention
Click the Speaker button to replay the audio.

6 I. Roots of the Constitution
British System of Government What British document provided an important model for the Americans? The English Bill of Rights of 1689 2. What idea did the Enlightenment promote? Knowledge, reason, and science could improve society

7 II. The Federal System The Constitution
Shared Powers – What is federalism? Sharing of powers between federal and state governments B. The Constitution Becomes Supreme Law of the Land – Under the new system, what became the final and supreme authority in disputes between the federal government and state governments? The Constitution


9 Review: Look at the following diagram and answer the questions
1. Where do the powers shown in the Venn diagram come from? 2. Does it look like the way the powers are divided makes sense? (In other words, list one national power it wouldn’t make sense for a state to have and one state power it wouldn’t make sense for the national government to have – explain why.) 3. Why are there “shared powers”? Does that make sense? Why or why not? 4. What is the constitutional principle that is represented by the Venn diagram?

10 III. The Organization of Government
The Legislative Branch – What are the powers of Congress? collect taxes, coining money, regulating trade B. The Executive Branch – Who or what indirectly elects the president and vice president? The Electoral College C. The Judicial Branch – Which courts are included in the judicial branch? Supreme Court and lower federal courts

11 III. The Organization of Government
D. System of Checks and Balances – What does the separation of powers prevent? It prevents any one branch of government from gaining too much power E. National Citizens – What did the new government pledge? to protect the personal freedoms of its citizens




15 IV. The Constitutional Debate
Federalists – What are the names of two highly respected men who were federalists? George Washington and Benjamin Franklin

16 IV. The Constitutional Debate
B. Antifederalists – Why did the Antifederalists fear an energetic central government? They thought it would be government by a small, educated group of people C. Protecting Rights – What was the strongest criticism against the new Constitution? It lacked a Bill of Rights

17 V. Adopting the Constitution
What two states were important to the future of the new government? New York and Virginia 2. When would a bill of rights be added? 1791


19 (Use the worksheet provided)
Review Work with your partner to list the differences between Federalists and Anti-Federalists. (Use the worksheet provided)

20 Federalists Better organized
Supported by Benjamin Franklin and George Washington Supported the new Constitution Backed by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay – all wrote series of essays defending the Constitution that appeared in The Federalists Papers Feared there would be disorder without a strong constitution Wanted the national government to be stronger

21 Antifederalists Opposed ratification of the Constitution
Said new constitution would take away liberties Didn’t want a strong national government, preferred local governments close to the people Thought the Constitution ignored the will of the people and states Thought it favored the wealthy few over common people Feared the government would be run by a small educated group Wanted a Bill of Rights Feared oppression more than disorder

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