Presentation on theme: "Gender in world politics"— Presentation transcript:
1 Gender in world politics By Ann TicknerVirginia de la Fuente
2 Contents The Author What is feminism? Defining gender Feminist TheoriesMyth of protectionFeminist definitions of securityGender in global economyUndervaluing womenUsing knowledge to inform policy practice
3 The Author Ann Tickner Feminist IR theorist. Professor of International Relations at the University of Southern California.Scholar at the School of International Services, American University, Washington DC.She critiqued mainstream international relations theorists for the omission of gender from their theory and practice.
4 What is feminism?"Feminism is the radical notion that women are people“By Marie Shear, 1986Academic discipline which looks for defining, establishing and achieving equal political, economic, cultural, personal, and social rights for women.
5 Rights for women’ suffrage Waves of feminismEnd XIX- Early XX Early 1990s31Early 1960sAbolishing gender roles expectations and stereotypesRights for women’ suffrage2Sexuality, family, the workplace, reproductive rights, discrimination, and official legal inequalities
6 Defining genderBoth women and men assign more positive value to masculine characteristics.Being a “real men” to succeed in global politics.
7 Theories of Feminism I Liberal Feminism Women’s subordination Removing legal obstacles=Women’s equalityWoman in institutions and practices of global politics how their work affects or is affected by international policy-making.Critics gender inequalities continue in societies with legal equality.
8 Theories of feminism II Feminist critical theoryRoots in Gramscian Marxism.Explores manifestation of gendered identities and gendered power in gender politics.Sandra Whitworth Feminism and International Relations. Different ways gender has been understood over time in IPPF and ILO.
9 Theories of feminism III Feminist social constructivismIdeas about gender can influence global politics.Global politics shapes ideas about gender.Elizabeth Prügl The Global Construction of Gender. Treatment of home-based work in international law.
10 Theories of feminism IV Feminism poststructuralismKnowledge and power. It has been based on men’s lives.Charlotte Hooper Manly States. Textual analysis of The Economist, saturated with masculinity and gendered messages.
11 Theories of feminism V Post-colonial feminism Western feminism is based on privileged Western women.Chandra Mohanty Women’s subordination must be addressed within their own cultural context.
12 Women&children = need protection Myth of protectionMen = protectorsWomen&children = need protectionRaping and prostitution as military strategy.Bosnia-Serbia war.US military bases in South Korea Military prostitution.
13 Feminist definitions of security Security means the diminution of all forms of violence, physical, economic or ecological.Think about security from the bottom up instead of from the top down.Individual>State
14 Gender in the global politics I Gendered division of labor Unequal structures in the global economy.Woman = housewife Man=breadwinnerConsequences:Women are disproportionately represented in caring professions.Low wages and double burden
20 Using knowledge to inform policy practice Women efforts are giving fruits:NGOs and social movements.UN Decade for Women ( )Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN) Southern women.
21 Questions1)Which part of the world is more needed of Feminism influence? 2)Do you have any stereotype about how a woman must be? 3) What do we need to change first in order to have an equal society?