2 Characteristics of the Taiga A taiga biome is sometimes considered a coniferous forestMany coniferous trees live in the taiga, such as fir, pine, and spruce treesThe taiga is the largest land biome of earth, covering up to 15% of earth’s landThe largest area of the taiga is located in the northernmost lands of Europe and North AmericaThere are mainly two seasons in the taiga: The summers are short and hot, and the winters are long and cold
3 ClimateThere is a lot of precipitation in the taiga that mostly occurs in the form of snow during the winterThe average temperature of the taiga, or the boreal forest is over 50 degrees FahrenheitUsually, in the winters, the temperature can drop to a low of -65 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the summer, the high can go up to 70 degrees FahrenheitThe winters last for about seven months, while the summers last for the rest of the year (five months).The average, annual rainfall for the taiga biome is from 12 – 33 inches
4 Animals of the TaigaAnimals of the taiga include the black bear, wolverine, bald eagle, Canadian Lynx, grey wolf, long – eared owl, and the snowshoe rabbitFood Chain Example Energy Pyramid Example
6 Plants of the TaigaPlants of the taiga included the Balsam Fir, Black Spruce, Douglas-fir, Eastern Red Cedar, Paper Birch, Jack Pine, Siberian Spruce, and the White Fir
7 Plants of the Taiga (continued) The plants of the taiga are usually cone – shaped on the topMost of the plants stay green throughout the entire yearOnly a few trees and plants provide food, such as berries or seeds from large pine cones, for small animalsThe Black Spruce can grow up to a massive height of about 25 meters tall, which makes it one of the tallest trees in the biome
9 Abiotic FactorsShelter is very easy to find for animals: A treetop of the owl, or a burrow for the snowshoe rabbitThe ground- level of the taiga doesn’t get much sunlightThe temperature is mostly cool throughout the year, but the animals are adapted to itFor example, the thick fur of a lynx, grey wolf, and a black bearUsually, the taiga contains a small stream or pond, which provides food for many animals, such as the black bear who eats the fish
13 List of National Taiga Parks Sequoia in North AmericaYosemite in North AmericaVodlozero in RussiaYugud-Va in RussiaKostamus in RussiaPaanajarvi in RussiaLaplandski in RussiaKutsa in Russia.
14 Geographical Taiga Facts The taiga is mostly found between the latitudes of 50 degrees North and 60 degrees NorthCanada, Northern America, and Russia are all known for their large taiga biomesThe taiga lies between the tundra in the North and the temperate forests in the SouthThe taiga is the terrestrial biome with the lowest annual average temperatures after the tundraAlthough it is cold in some parts of the southern hemisphere, there are no taiga biomes found beneath the latitude of 45 degrees N