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Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Impact of Thromboaspiration during Primary PCI.

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Presentation on theme: "Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Impact of Thromboaspiration during Primary PCI."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Impact of Thromboaspiration during Primary PCI on Microvascular Damage and Infarct Size: Acute and Long term CE-MRI Evaluation. MASSIMO MANCONE, MD; RAFFAELE SCARDALA, MD; CHIARA BUCCIARELLI DUCCI,MD;ANGELO DI ROMA,MD; IACOPO CARBONE,MD*;GIULIA BENEDETTI GIULIA CONTI,MD ; FRANCESCO FEDELE, MD. GENNARO SARDELLA, MD, FACC,FESC; O.U. of Invasive Cardiology, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences *Dept.of Radiology Policlinico Umberto I - University La Sapienza ROME

2 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I No relationship to disclose GENNARO SARDELLA,MD; MASSIMO MANCONE, MD ; RAFFAELE SCARDALA, MD ; CHIARA BUCCIARELLI DUCCI,MD; ANGELO DI ROMA,MD; IACOPO CARBONE,MD*; GIULIA BENEDETTI MD, GIULIA CONTI,MD; FRANCESCO FEDELE, MD.

3 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Myocardial Perfusion After Primary PCI is Strongest Predictor of Mortality independently from IRA reopening /1 100 Cumulative Survival (%) Final Blush Score (patients with final TIMI 3 flow) Blush 1-Year Mortality 3 2 0/1 6.8% 13.2% 18.3% P=0.004 Stone GW, et al. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;39: Background Open Artery...but Closed Myocardium !! PPCI Hardest point ( Courtesy of M.Gibson)

4 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO IDesign Prospective, randomized, double-arm, mono-centric study. Primary end-point : Final MBG 2 ; 90 ST resolution (> 70% decrease of ST segment after PCI) Secondary end-point : MACE at 9 month clinical f-u Principal investigator G.Sardella MD Prospective, randomized, double-arm, mono-centric study. Primary end-point : Final MBG 2 ; 90 ST resolution (> 70% decrease of ST segment after PCI) Secondary end-point : MACE at 9 month clinical f-u Principal investigator G.Sardella MD 256 pts. (STEMI, at 6.8 ± 2.3 h from symptoms onset) 256 pts. (STEMI, at 6.8 ± 2.3 h from symptoms onset) 81 pts.excluded: Cardiogenic shock 3-vessel / Left Main TIMI >0-1 TS < 3 Contra to GPIIb/IIIa 81 pts.excluded: Cardiogenic shock 3-vessel / Left Main TIMI >0-1 TS < 3 Contra to GPIIb/IIIa 175 pts. eligible for 1:1 randomization 88 pts randomized to Thrombectomy + PCI 88 pts randomized to Thrombectomy + PCI 87 pts randomized to Standard PCI 87 pts randomized to Standard PCI 9 months clinical f-u (Heparin U/I, GPIIb/IIIa, Aspirin, Clopidogrel 300 mg) Impact of Thrombectomy with EXPort catheter in Infarct Related Artery on procedural and clinical outcome in patients with AMI ( EXPIRA Trial ). ( G.Sardella et al presented at TCT 2007 )

5 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Procedural Results MYOCARDIAL BLUSH GRADE EXPORT GROUP CONVENTIONAL GROUP % *p=< Post- POBA Impact of Thrombectomy with EXPort catheter in Infarct Related Artery on procedural and clinical outcome in patients with AMI ( EXPIRA Trial ). 39.5* 11.8* 28.7* 70.3* (G.Sardella et al,TCT 2007)

6 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I 90 ST resolution after PCI (%) ( > 70% decrease of ST segment ) EXPORT GROUP CONVENTIONAL GROUP Impact of Thrombectomy with EXPort catheter in Infarct Related Artery on procedural and clinical outcome in patients with AMI ( EXPIRA Trial ). % p=< OR 6.36 (95% CI ) ( G.Sardella et al,TCT 2007 )

7 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Pts % p=0.059 p=ns 9 months Composite Cardiac Event Rates Impact of Thrombectomy with EXPort catheter in Infarct Related Artery on procedural and clinical outcome in patients with AMI ( EXPIRA Trial ). (G.Sardella et al,TCT 2007)

8 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Aim of the Study Export® aspiration catheter (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota) We sought to evaluate the impact of thromboaspiration on procedural and long term outcomes in terms of microascular damage and infarct size by contrast enhanced-MRI (ce-MRI) as compared to conventional primary PCI.

9 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Design Prospective, randomized, double-arm, mono-centric study. End-points (MRI evaluation) Microvascular damage (grams/g) in terms of Hypoenhancement. Infarct size (grams/g) in terms of Hyperenhancement. Prospective, randomized, double-arm, mono-centric study. End-points (MRI evaluation) Microvascular damage (grams/g) in terms of Hypoenhancement. Infarct size (grams/g) in terms of Hyperenhancement. Methods 75 patients eligible for 1:1 randomization (Anterior STEMI, at h from symptoms onset) 75 patients eligible for 1:1 randomization (Anterior STEMI, at h from symptoms onset) 38 pts randomized to Thrombectomy + PCI 38 pts randomized to Thrombectomy + PCI 37 pts randomized to Standard PCI 37 pts randomized to Standard PCI 3 – 90 Day MRI follow-up Microvascular damage Infarct size Microvascular damage Infarct size (Heparin U/I, GPIIb/IIIa, Aspirin, Clopidogrel 300 mg)

10 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Inclusion CriteriaExclusion Criteria Methods Age >18 yrs STEMI within 9 hrs from symptoms onset De novo coronary artery lesions Native IRA 2.5 mm diameter Angiographically identifiable occlusive thrombus (TS grade 3) TIMI 0-1 at time of initial angiography Previous AMI or CABG Cardiogenic shock 3-vessel / Left Main CAD Severe valvular heart disease Unsuccessful PCI (no antegrade flow or 50% residual stenosis in the IRA) Rescue / Facilitaded PCI Contraindication to GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors Methods

11 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Symptoms to balloon, (hrs±SD) 6 (15.8) 4 (10.8)10 (13.3)Previous PCI (%) 7 (18.4)12 (32.4)19 (25.3)Killip class III (%) 1 (2.6) 3 (8.1)4 (5.3)Renal Failure (%) 19 (50.0) 8 (21.1) 15 (39.5) 0 15 (39.5) (64.9) 9 (24.3) 11 (29.8) 2 (5.4) 12 (32.4) (57.8) 17 (22.7) 26 (34.7) 2 (2.7) 27 (36.0) Risk factors Hypertension (%) Diabetes (%) Smoking (%) Obesity (%) Family History of CAD (%) Cholesterol (mg/dl±SD) Triglycerides (mg/dl±SD) 23 (60.5)24 (64.7) 47 (62.7)Males (%) Age, yrs±SD Thrombectomy Group (n=38) Conventional Group (n=37) Total Population (n=75) LVEF (%±SD)43.1 ± ± ±7.5 CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS

12 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I PROCEDURAL CHARACTERISTICS MLD pre, mm±SD Total Population (n=75) Thrombectomy Group (n=38) 3 (7.9) Conventional Group (n=37) IABP (%) 7 (9.3)4 (10.8) Lesion length, mm±SD Vessel size, mm±SD GPIIb/IIIa Inhibhitors Direct stenting Post-dilatation Post-PCI diameter stenosis, (%±SD) Stent Type (%) Bare-metal Stent Drug-eluting Stent 75 (100)37 (100) 38 (100) 32 (42.6) 2 (5.4)*§ 3 (8.1) 28 (74.3)§ 4 (10.5) (9.3) MLD post, mm±SD (38.7) 46 (61.3) 17 (45.9) 20 (54.0) 12 (31.5) 26 (68.4) * 2 pts with recanalized IRA after guide-wire placement § p= <.0001

13 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I PROCEDURAL RESULTS 1 TIMI FLOW GRADE CONVENTIONAL GROUPTHROMBECTOMY GROUP p=ns p = %

14 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I MYOCARDIAL BLUSH GRADE THROMBECTOMY GROUP CONVENTIONAL GROUP % *p=< Post- POBA 32.4* 76.3* PROCEDURAL RESULTS 2

15 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I 90 ST resolution after PCI ( > 70% decrease of ST segment ) THROMBECTOMY GROUP CONVENTIONAL GROUP p= % OR 7.2 (95% CI ) In-Hospital Outcome

16 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I MRI Results-1 Hypoenhancement (gr) Hyperenhancement (gr) Thrombectomy (n=38) Standard PCI (n=37) p 4.04± ± ± ± ± ± ,7 < d3 m3 d3 m 0.12±0.4 ** §§ MRI evaluation p=.004 within the same group * § p=.004 within the same group p=.001 between the groups

17 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I g g gr MRI Results-2 p=0.004 P<0.001 p=0.004 Hypo 3 Days Hypo 3 Months Hyper 3 Days Hyper 3 Months

18 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I In this study Thrombectomy has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in AMI setting during Primary PCI. Compared with conventional stenting, in patients with intracoronary visible and occlusive thrombus, pretreatment with manual aspiration thrombectomy during primary PCI improves acutely the parameters of myocardial tissue perfusion and ST resolution in a well selected population. MRI long term evaluation showed a reduction of microvascular damage in the Thrombectomy group compared with the Control group. In the Thrombectomy group setting resulted a reduction of microvascular damage and infarct size in long term compared with acute evaluation. Conclusion

19 Dip.di SCIENZE CARDIOVASCOLARI POLICLINICO UMBERTO I Thank You !


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