Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.


Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY"— Presentation transcript:


2 Educational Technology
Educational Technology includes any media that is used for instruction



5 Anything used to help teach students can be considered educational technology.

6 Educational Technology
Educational technology is any technology that is used to support teaching and learning.  Allyn and Bacon 2005

7 Educational Technology and Instruction
Technology are the tools to help create an effective instructional event Instructional events = all teaching methods and learning experiences Learning environment = physical and non-physical aspects where instruction takes place  Allyn and Bacon 2005


9 LEARNING is a transfer of knowledge that can be ensured only when all components of the process have been incorporated (Lever-Duffy, et al., 2005)

10 LEARNING Variety of theories explain how we learn
Each theory offers a different perspective or view as to how learning occurs Some theories may be contradictory Teachers must decide on theory for themselves

11 Learning Theories Proper planning and effective use of tools and methods are key to successful teaching and learning

12 Learning Theories Learning as Communication
Knowledge is transferred from sender to receiver Receiver returns feedback to sender Sender receives feedback Variables may alter intended meaning.

13 Learning as Communication

14 Learning as Communication
Factors Affection Communication

15 Learning as Communication
Environmental Factors Any factor that may cause a learner to lose focus Can block communications Lighting, movement, temperature may interfere with communications

16 Learning as Communication
Psychological Factors Individual differences that define and impact communicated information Emotional state may interfere with message reception Learning styles may interfere with transmission  Allyn and Bacon 2005

17 Learning as Communication
Personal Filters Individual’s values, heritage, and belief system May include attitudes, cultural differences, and opinions Filters are present in both sender and receiver  Allyn and Bacon 2005

18 Behaviorist’s Perspective
Learning Theories Behaviorist’s Perspective All behavior is a response to external stimuli Students learn in response to rewards and punishments Learning is a passive response to the environment  Allyn and Bacon 2005

19 Cognitivist’s Perspective
Learning Theories Cognitivist’s Perspective Focus is on learning as a mental operation Information enters through senses Learning is explained by how one thinks Believe learning is more complex than behaviorist responses  Allyn and Bacon 2005

20 Constructivist’s Perspective
Learning Theories Constructivist’s Perspective Knowledge is constructed as a result of the learning process Learning occurs when knowledge is assimilated or accommodated (Piaget) Knowledge may be constructed best in a social context  Allyn and Bacon 2005

21 Characteristics that might have an impact on learning
VIEW OF THE LEARNER Characteristics that might have an impact on learning Cognitive style Learning style Intelligence

22 Learning Theories Cognitive Styles
Manner in which one thinks and interprets the environment Myers-Briggs helps determine cognitive preferences Understanding cognitive styles helps teachers create supportive environments

23 Learning Theories Myers-Briggs Cognitive Types

24 Learning Theories Learning Styles
Conditions under which one learns best Relates to individual sensory dominance Auditory learners learn best by listening Visual learners learn best by seeing Kinesthetic/Tactile learners learn best by doing and touching

25 The Learner Intelligence Inherent capabilities to learn and understand
Standford-Binet tests emphasize logical/mathematical and verbal capabilities Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences emphasizes multiple capabilities

26 Multiple Intelligences
The Learner Multiple Intelligences Verbal-Linguistic Mathematical-Logical Visual-Spatial Bodily-Kinesthetic Interpersonal Intrapersonal Naturalistic Existential Musical  Allyn and Bacon 2005

27 The Learner Multiple Intelligences

28 Multiple Inteligences
Linguistics – verbal skills/talents related to sound, meaning & ryhthms Logical-mathematical – conceptual & logical thinking Musical – talents/abilities related to sound, rhythm & pitch Spatial – skill in thinking in pictures & visioning abstract

29 Multiple Inteligences
Bodily-kinesthetic – skill in controlling body movements Interpersonal – responsive to others Intrapersonal – high-degree of self awareness & insight Naturalistic – skills in recognizing, categorizing & interacting with natural world Existential – ability to consider & deal with questions of human existence

30 Let’s try a Learning Style Inventory…


32 For Learning Inventory Assessment

33 Teaching = a systematic, planned sequence of events
Teaching and Learning Teaching = a systematic, planned sequence of events A process that communicates ideas/skills Takes into account individual and environmental factors Aware of learning theories & learner characteristics

34 Teachers should be aware of:
Teaching and Learning Teachers should be aware of: strengths and weaknesses of own teaching style learning theories learning style of students

35 Teaching and learning work together
Holistic planning is the key to effective learning


37 Technology: a component of the teaching/learning process
Teaching and Learning Technology: a component of the teaching/learning process Educational technology includes resources that facilitate teaching/learning This view of technology has evolved It’s consistent with evolution of learning theories

38 TECHNOLOGY “The systematic application of scientific or other organized knowledge to practical tasks.”

39 Potential Impacts of Technology
Enhance our capabilities – more effective Increase our speed – more efficient Impact levels of motivation/attitude/vision Thornburg (1999), “…we have the opportunity to use technologies in ways that support modern pedagogical thought devoted to the premise that all students are capable of learning, even if the pathways for each learner are different.” (cited in O’Neil & Perez, pg. xiv)

40 Educational Technology
A Historical Overview Began in the early 1900s with movies Slides, radio, sound recordings were added in the 1920s-1930s Television drove audio-visuals in the 1950s

41 Educational Technology
A Historical Overview 1960s: A-V expanded to a broader systems view 1970s: educational technology redefined and expanded further to include all technologies 1980s: educational technology entered the Digital Age  Allyn and Bacon 2005

42 Educational Technology
Today Holistic view All media and systems that support teaching/learning Teachers must decide how to best utilize technology  Allyn and Bacon 2005

43 Holistic View of Teaching, Learning, and Technology

44 Educational Technology
Change in educational philosophy of what constitutes basic skills No longer just three R’s “Learning to learn” skills essential Lifelong learning TEA


Similar presentations

Ads by Google