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**Properties of Transformations**

Essential Question: What properties of a figure are preserved under a translation, reflection, or rotation? September 9, 2014

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**To transform something is to change it**

To transform something is to change it. In geometry, there are specific ways to describe how a figure is changed. The transformations you will learn about include: Translation Rotation Reflection

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**Renaming Transformations**

It is common practice to name shapes using capital letters: The original figure is called the pre-image It is common practice to name transformed shapes using the same letters with a “prime” symbol: The transformed figure is called the image.

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**Translations are SLIDES**

A translation "slides" an object a fixed distance in a given direction. The original object and its translation have the same shape and size, and they face in the same direction. This is referred to as the same orientation. Translations are SLIDES

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**Let's examine some translations related to coordinate geometry.**

The movement of each coordinate point is actually a function. Each coordinate point follows the same rule. The example shows how each vertex moves the same distance in the same direction.

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In this example, the "slide" moves the figure 7 units to the left and 3 units down. We always go left or right first, then up or down.

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A reflection can be seen in water, in a mirror, in glass, or in a shiny surface. An object and its reflection have the same shape and size, but the figures face in opposite directions. In a mirror, for example, right and left are switched.

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Line reflections are FLIPS!!!

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The line (where a mirror may be placed) is called the line of reflection. The distance from a point to the line of reflection is the same as the distance from the point's image to the line of reflection. A reflection can be thought of as a "flipping" of an object over the line of reflection. If you folded the two shapes together line of reflection the two shapes would overlap exactly!

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**What happens to points in a Reflection?**

Name the points of the original triangle. Name the points of the reflected triangle. What is the line of reflection? How did the points change from the original to the reflection?

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**The concept of rotations can often be seen in wallpaper designs, fabrics, and art work.**

Rotations are TURNS!!!

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**This rotation is 90 degrees counterclockwise. **

This year, we will always rotate about the origin. Clockwise Counterclockwise

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A rotation is a transformation that turns a figure about a fixed point called the center of rotation. An object and its rotation are the same shape and size, but the figures may be turned in different directions.

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**Does this picture show a translation, rotation, or reflection?**

Using your whiteboards: Does this picture show a translation, rotation, or reflection? How do you know? Rotation

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**Does this picture show a translation, rotation, or reflection?**

How do you know? (Line) Reflection

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**The birds were rotated clockwise and the fish counterclockwise.**

Has each picture been rotated in a clockwise or counter-clockwise direction? The birds were rotated clockwise and the fish counterclockwise.

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**Translations, Reflections, and Rotations are considered Rigid Transformations.**

The dictionary definition of rigid is: not bending or easily moved into a different shape Why do you think that these three transformations are considered rigid?

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Rigid Transformation A movement that preserves Angle measure Distance between points Parallel lines A transformation is said to be moved or mapped from the preimage to its image.

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**Turn and Talk: ONE MINUTE FOR EACH PARTNER.**

Is the image of a rigid transformation is congruent to its preimage? WHY OR WHY NOT? Convince your partner. EX: ARE THESE TWO TRIANGLES CONGRUENT? HOW COULD YOU PROVE THIS TO THE CLASS?

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