Presentation on theme: "Design Movements Arts & Crafts Art Nouveau Art Deco Bauhaus Modernism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Design Movements Arts & Crafts Art Nouveau Art Deco Bauhaus Modernism De StijlMemphisPost Modernism
2 Arts & Crafts 1850 - 1900 Simplicity – hand made Inspiration from nature – plants, birds and animals.Natural forms and materialsColour and textureWilliam Morris“Have nothing in your houses that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful”
4 Some Victorian designers, led by William Morris, rejected the ideas of the industrial revolution. They believed that automation and mass production separated designers from their products, and that the crafts and workmanship of the past were dying out.These designers preferred to design and make products that were original and hand-crafted.The Arts and Crafts Movement produced designs based on forms in nature, such as animals and plants.Making the designs required highly skilled workers, so most of the products were too expensive for the average person to buy.
5 Art Nouveau 1890 - 1905 Curvy ‘whiplash’ lines and stylised flowers Elongated lines, leaves, roots, buds & seedpods.Exotic insects and peacock feathersInspiration from Nature and the female formCharles Rennie MackintoshGlasgow based designer & architectContrasting monochrome colours & the use of geometric shapes in his work
7 Mackintosh trained as an architect and interior designer in Glasgow, Scotland. He didn’t like the fussy and over-decorated Victorian style that dominated the early Arts and Craft Movement.Mackintosh preferred to incorporate geometric shapes into his design.Much of his work is based around contrasting monochrome colours and the creative use of empty space.He developed what is known as the ‘Glasgow Style’.
8 Art Deco 1925 - 1939 Geometric forms Symmetry and repetition Zig-zagged geometric fan motifs and sunburstsInspiration from ancient Egypt and Aztec Mexican ArtDiscovery of Tutankhamum’s tombMachine age; explicit use of man made materialsKey designer: Claris Cliff (ceramicist)
10 Philosophy…. Style…. So what is Art Deco?.. Popular Modernism. Opulent architectural and decorative arts style which was a direct reaction to the post war austerity.It was regarded as a ‘glamorous’ period.Style….Zig-Zagged, geometric fan motifs.Symmetry & repetition.Inspiration from ancient Egypt.So what is Art Deco?..
11 Bauhaus 1919 - 1933 Form follows function Products for a machine age Every day objects for every day peopleModern materialsSimple, geometrically pure forms and clean linesOmitting decorative frillsWalter Gropius, Marcel Breuer and Mies van der Rohe
13 The Bauhaus was a German art and architecture school which existed from 1919 to It was founded by Walter Gropius, a German architect.The Bauhaus wanted to design and manufacture products, architecture and print that was functional, cheap and compatible with mass production techniques.They believed strongly in honesty of materials and that a product’s function should be reflected in its aesthetic qualities.New materials and manufacturing processes provided a catalyst for much of their work.
14 Examples Which Design Movement? Key elements? Art Nouveau Curvy ‘whiplash’ lines and stylised flowersElongated lines, leaves, roots, buds & seedpods.Exotic insects and peacock feathersInspiration from Nature and the female form
15 Modernism….Was influences by industrial designs and made use of geometric shapes. Movements that are influenced by technological developments in industry are:BauhausArt DecoDe StijlThey rejected decorative forms and embraced a look that they felt was universally acceptable. It was a period of design, literature, music & architecture that spans from 1920’s to 1960’s . Key figures include Le Corbusier – a French designer & architecture.Machines for living….
16 Modernism…Click the heading on Modernism then the hyper link will work
17 De Stijl 1917 - 1931 Black outlines Inspiration using extreme geometric designs, rectangles and primary coloursUltimate simplicity and abstractionDisconnected linesInspired completely new designs in furniture & architectureArtist: Mondrian & Designer: Rietveld
19 1970’s to the present day….By the 1980’s the designer name or brand was important to consumers:Designer labels spread from fashion to other areas of product designPromotion and packaging became a key part of the complete product.
20 Memphis….The Memphis group was an alternative viewpoint to minimalism:It was started by a group of Italian designers, led by Ettore Sottsass.They produced highly decorative laminates and humorous products.Their post modernism influence can be seen in many of today's products.
22 Post modernism… The history: It is largely influenced by the western European disillusionment caused from WW2.It is anything BUT the ordinary in that it presents extreme complexity, contradictory, and diversity.Diverse ideas, designs and innovations that are intended to provoke a reaction.Memphis is part of this design period also.
24 Post Modernism….It is also referred to as Modern Design & includes Alberto Alessi, George Sowden (Memphis Designer) & Mendini, the founder of the Italian Style, as key figures of this period.The movement likes combining new materials & interesting combinations are key.
25 Examples Which Design Movement? Bauhaus Key elements? Key elements?Form follows functionProducts for a machine ageEvery day objects for every day peopleModern materialsSimple, geometrically pure forms and clean lines
26 Examples Which Design Movement? Arts & Crafts Key elements? Simplicity – hand madeInspiration from nature – plants, birds and animals.Natural forms and materialsColour and textureWilliam Morris
27 Examples Which Design Movement? Art Deco Key elements? Geometric forms Symmetry and repetitionZig-zagged geometric fan motifs and sunburstsInspiration from ancient Egypt and Aztec Mexican Art
28 Examples Which Design Movement? Modernism Key elements? Was influences by industrial designs and made use of geometric shapes.Rejected decorative forms.
29 Examples Which Design Movement? Post Modernism Key elements? Modern designCreating a statementDesigners: Alessi & MendiniWhat is the product?Juicy SalifBy AlessiIt’s a juicerFunction follows form!
30 Examples Which Design Movement? De Stijl Key elements? Key elements?Inspiration from basic rectangles and primary coloursBlack outlinesGeometric designs to the extremeUltimate simplicity and abstractionDisconnected linesArtist Mondrian