Presentation on theme: "Phys. 121: Thursday, 06 Nov. Written HW 10: Due by 5 pm."— Presentation transcript:
1 Phys. 121: Thursday, 06 Nov. Written HW 10: Due by 5 pm. HW 11: ch. 13, probs. 25, 36, and ch. 14,probs. 15, 18, 36, and 43. Due in one week.Mast. Phys.: Assign. 9 due on Tuesday.Reading: Finish ch. 14 by Tuesday (You mayskim sects and 14.8.)Exam 2: average was 12.8/20; there was oneperfect score (20/20) - congratulations! I haveadded a curve of 1.5 points to the score shown onyour exam, when calculating the scores shown onMoodle. Test corrections through the OSL areavailable on problems 3, 4, 10, and 14; return themto me with your original exam by Tues., 18 Nov.
3 Clickers:A baseball bat is cut in half at its center of mass. Which end is heavier?The handle end (left end).The hitting end (right end).The two ends weigh the same.Answer: B33
4 Clickers:Which third force on the wheel, applied at point P, will make the net torque zero?Answer: A44
5 Clickers: which torque vector goes with the figure in (a)? (F is into the screen and slightlyto the right.)a) b) c) d) e) 6
6 Clickers: What does the scale read? 500 N.1000 N.2000 N.4000 N.Answering this requires reasoning, not calculating.Answer: CSlide 12-9166
7 Ch. 13: Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation: Any two objects with mass produce agravitational force between them! Thedirection of the force is attractive (straighttoward each other), and the magnitude iswhere r is the distance between the (centers ofmass of the) two objects, and G is a constant.(G = 6.67 x 10^(-11) N m²/kg².)
8 Clickers:Three stars are aligned in a row. The net force on the star of mass 2M isTo the left.To the right.Zero.Not enough information to answer.Slide 13-3388
9 Notice that the usual relation holds: F_r = - dU/dr(force = negative slope)
10 Decrease of g with Distance A satellite orbits the earth at height h above the earth’s surface.The value of g at height h above sea level is:where gearth = 9.83 m/s2 and Re = 6.37 106 m.
13 The parabolic orbit (total E = 0) has exactly (the local) escape speed atall times:(This follows from its total energy being exactlyzero, with the convention that U(r) goes to zeroas r goes to infinity.)
14 Fun Fact: putting v_esc. = c, the speed of light, gives a size that Michelland Laplace called a “dark star”...R_dark = 2 G M/c² --- this turns outto be the size of a black hole!
15 The Principle of Equivalence The inertial mass of an object relates the net force acting on it to its acceleration:The gravitational mass of an object appears in Newton’s law of gravity and determines the strength of the gravitational attraction:The assertion that mgrav = minert is called the principle of equivalence.
16 Clickers: For the non-circular orbits, which of the following is true? a) The orbiting object moves slower as it getscloser to the Sun.b) The orbiting object moves faster as it getsc) The orbiting object will have a constant speed.d) The orbiting object will constantly gain speed.e) The orbiting object will fly away if you cut theinvisible cord which holds it to the Sun.