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Published byLawrence Fox Modified over 5 years ago

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**Geometric Optics Ray Model assume light travels in straight line**

uses rays to understand and predict reflection & refraction General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Reflection Law of reflection**

the angle of incidence equals angle of reflection angles are measured from normal General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Reflection Diffuse reflection Specular reflection General Physics 2**

Geometric Optics

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Plane Mirrors General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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Think-Pair-Share How large a mirror do you need to see your whole body? General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Spherical Mirrors By using ray tracing and the law of reflection, you**

can figure out where the incoming rays are reflected. General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Focal Point & Focal Length**

Parallel rays striking a concave mirror come together at focal point f = r/2 r = radius of sphere f = focal length General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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Refraction index of refraction, n, where c = speed of light in a vacuum and v = speed of light in that medium nair = 1 nglass = 1.5 Snell’s Law General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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Indices of Refraction General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Total Internal Reflection**

Incident angle where refracted angle (2) is 90 is the critical angle at incident angles greater than critical angle, light is totally internally reflected important for fiber optic technology (endoscope) General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Thin Lenses General Physics 2 Geometric Optics**

illustrate with blackboard optics General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Focal Length, Focal Plane and Power**

f = focal length Power inverse of focal length P = 1/f measured in diopter (D) 1 D = 1 m-1 illustrate with blackboard optics General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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Ray Tracing General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Thin Lens Equation Magnification Thin Lens Equation General Physics 2**

Geometric Optics

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**Sign Conventions focal length object distance image distance**

positive for converging lenses negative for diverging lenses object distance positive if the object is on the side of the lens from which the light is coming (this is usually the case) otherwise, it is negative (virtual object). image distance positive if the image is on the opposite side of lens from where light is coming positive for real images, negative for virtual images image height positive if image is upright relative to object, negative for inverted images h0 is always positive General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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Combination of Lenses When adding two or more lenses in series, the focal length of the combined lenses, f, is: General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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Combining Lenses Measure the focal length of the two double-convex lenses individually. Combine the lenses together and measure the combined focal length. Calculate the combined focal length using the equation. Calculate the percent error of your measured value. General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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**Activity Handout with practice problems Optics Worksheet 1**

General Physics 2 Geometric Optics

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