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Windows Enterprise Storage Directions James Pinkerton Architect Core File Systems Microsoft Corporation.

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Presentation on theme: "Windows Enterprise Storage Directions James Pinkerton Architect Core File Systems Microsoft Corporation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Windows Enterprise Storage Directions James Pinkerton Architect Core File Systems Microsoft Corporation

2 Agenda Situational Summary Storage Vision for Branch and Hubs Interfaces for Innovation Microsoft Storage Roadmap

3 Customer Situation Disk Replacing Tape Distributed Environments Moving Beyond File DataManagement costs

4 Storage Management Is Too Expensive At All Layers Block level Daily Issues Pro-active versus re-active fault management Adding/removing disks Managing the boot volume Capacity planning Tension between DAS initial cost of ownership and SAN total cost of ownership File Level Backup and recovery Quotas Security management System Level Managing a distributed environment Managing storage consolidation System errors which map to storage errors (chkdsk,etc.)

5 Enterprise Deployment Models Server in the Hub Headquarters or other central location Highly skilled/specialized IT staff Provides shared, cross-org infrastructure Network is lower latency, higher throughput Server in the Branch Geographically distinct from hub location, relatively small Minimal IT staff Infrastructure dedicated to single location Network is much higher latency, lower throughput Enterprise Desktop (out-of-scope for this track)

6 Consolidation – Branch To Hub Server consolidation focus is shifting to branch server consolidation Choices are less obvious – TCO gains come with trade-offs Servers in branch sites? Servers in central sites? Lower server management costs WANs decrease branch productivity Many application not tuned for lower bandwidth, higher latency, availability of WAN or Higher server management costs Backup, recovery, repair, etc… Increases branch productivity/autonomy

7 Branch Business Impact Branch impact on servers and storage 25% of all servers are in branches (nearly 50% in organizations with multiple locations!) 30% of businesses have branches 33% of IT budgets are consumed by Branches 55% of larger organizations (1000+ employees) headcount located in branch sites Larger organizations (1000+ employees) spent U.S. $25B on WANs in 2003 However Traditional market trackers dont track branch contributions to storage Sources: Harte-Hanks 2004, AMI Partners 2003

8 Storage Vision

9 Universal Distributed Storage

10 Universal Industry-standard hardware Mainstreaming high-end technology Rich partner ecosystem Distributed Ubiquitous and always accessible Datacenter, departments and branch offices DAS, NAS, SAN, CAS

11 Universal Distributed Storage A standards based platform with strong partnerships Industry-standard hardware and interfaces Strong support for evolving hardware standards INCITS T10 – SAS INCITS T11 – Fibre Channel, SM-HBA, FC-HBA INCITS T13 – SATA New interfaces IETF – iSCSI, iSNS SNIA – Fixed Content Addressable Storage (FCAS), SMI-S DMTF – WS-Management NFS as a first tier file system Mainstreaming high-end technology Today: MPIO, Snapshots, iSCSI target, Storage Explorer, SIS Tomorrow: Transactions, Fixed Content Storage Rich partner ecosystem

12 Rich Partner Eco-System Some of our valued partners in storage Storage Servers SAN Interconnects Storage Arrays

13 Universal Distributed Storage Beyond file data – DAS, NAS, SAN, CAS Storage Fabric as easy to deploy as file shares Preferred Storage Platform Early fault detection Simple SAN Simple Management for SANS (SMfS) Web Services Management (WS-Management) Diskless Boot Enhanced application robustness and capabilities through new storage semantics Transactional File System Common Log File System Fixed Content Storage (Content Addressable Storage)

14 Universal Distributed Storage Beyond file data – Transactions Transacted File System – Enables more robust application behavior for complex operations – examples Registry updates Updates to multiple files on the same volume Updates to multiple files across multiple volumes Updates to multiple local and remote files Transacted Platform Common Log File System Filter Manager Kernel Transaction Manager

15 Universal Distributed Storage Ubiquitous and always accessible Reliable and Scalable Multi-pathing fail-over and load balancing Single Instance Store (SIS) Self healing NTFS Symbolic Links Volume Manager Large sector drives LUN/Volume Shrink Easy integration into Unix environments Services For Unix (SFU) is now part of the OS Easy backup and recovery Snapshots Data Protection Manager

16 Universal Distributed Storage Innovation for the branch office Better replication – reduction of WAN bandwidth DFS-Replication – differential compression New improvements in SYSVOL and on-demand replication Improved performance SMB 2.0 Client Side Cache (CSC) improvements Filecopy performance Improved security within the branch Secure Startup Read-Only DC Easier to deploy Appliance: Full-featured branch office SKU

17 Optional Disposable Replaceable Continuity of Services Service Accelerator Branch Office Vision Clients failover to a central server Service cache Easy to re-provision replacements State-of-the-art compression Limits bandwidth usage Mitigates WAN latency Local request handling Store-and-forward to central server A simple, self-healing, self diagnosing, admin-free server

18 Windows Server 2003 R2 Performance improvements NFS version 3 Spec SFS97* UDP (prior Windows Server 2003 best was 13319) TCP (prior Windows Server 2003 best was 9209) *Based on HP hardware. See for full information

19 Remote Differential Compression (RDC) New protocol that identifies sub-file changes Updates to objects: Efficiently detects insertions, removals, re-arrangements of data in files New objects: Efficiently discovers and re-uses relevant pieces of object on receiving machine Dramatic reduction in bandwidth consumption Generalized technique – completely file type agnostic VSD 318 K.DOC 489 K.DOC 2.6 M.MPP 241K.PPT 594K.XLS 2.4M.ZIP 348K.HTM 425K.PPT 3.9M.PST 293M

20 Longhorn and Vista Beta 2 Status: Remote Filesystem Perf Current Vista & Longhorn improvements: SMB 2.0 protocol has pipelined transfers CopyfileEx pipelining Cache manager and memory manager deferred writes TCP receive window auto-tuning Future improvements: small file workloads Benchmark details Data presented today is just a status report Xcopy used to move the data Hi-Perf client and server disks (10K RPM, RAID) Vista build 5306 and 5294 WAN latency is emulated on a 1 gigabit Ethernet

21 Filecopy and SMB 2.0 Performance Hub(LAN) Branch (100 ms WAN)

22 Windows Platform And Solutions WinHEC content Physical Disk Volume Files and Folders Network and Distribution DFS Namespaces DFS Replication DFS Replication Offline Files Offline Files SMfS, Storage Explorer SMfS, Storage Explorer Volume Manager Volume Manager S/W iSCSI Target/Initiator S/W iSCSI Target/Initiator Server Backup, DPM FSRM FSRM SIS SIS Disk Defragmenter Disk Defragmenter BitLocker BitLocker VDS & SMI-S VSS Storage Fabrics Optical Platform New H/W Support Self-healing and TransactionalNTFS Common Log SMB 2.0 NFS StorageTrackBusinessTrackSystemTrack File Server Role File Server Role Integrated UX Text Legend Platform Technologies Solution Technologies

23 Storage At WinHEC Storage Track Windows Storage Directions – Overview of Storage Track at WinHEC Storage Area Networks Windows SAN: Resolving Technical Barriers to Adoption and Deployment Enabling Diskless Windows Boot with iSCSI General Storage Management Directions The Windows Storage Driver Stack in Depth Windows Vista Storage Support and Logo Requirements Before Terabytes Fail: Disk Reliability in Windows Vista and Beyond Business Track Backup and Restore in Windows Vista and Windows Server Longhorn System Fundamentals Track Microsoft BitLocker Drive Encryption: Hardware Enhanced Data Protection Enterprise and Server Use of Microsoft BitLocker Drive Encryption How to Write a Device Driver that Doesnt Break on Partitioned Systems Developing for the Windows Hardware Error Architecture

24 Interfaces For Innovation

25 DFS Namespaces DFS Replication DFS Replication Offline Files Offline Files File Server Role File Server Role Integrated UX Integrated UX SMfS, Storage Explorer SMfS, Storage Explorer Volume Manager Volume Manager S/W iSCSI Target/Initiator S/W iSCSI Target/Initiator Server Backup, DPM FSRM FSRM SIS SIS Disk Defragmenter Disk Defragmenter BitLocker BitLocker VDS & SMI-S VSS Storage Fabrics Optical Platform New H/W Support Self-healing and TransactionalNTFS Common Log RDC SMB 2.0 NFS Platform Technologies Solution Technologies Filter Manager Physical Disk Volume Files and Folders Network and Distribution

26 Storage In Windows SKUs Windows Server 2003 R2 General purpose server File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) Quotas, screening, reporting Storage Management for SANS iSCSI remote boot VDS 1.1 NFS is a standard feature, has substantial performance improvements Common Log Filesystem (CLFS) DFS Replication and Management Sharepoint Windows Storage Server (WSS) 2003 R2 NAS appliance (OEM only) version of Windows Server R2, plus Single Instance Store (SIS) Optimized for file workloads Search optimizations Future: Windows Storage Server feature pack Functionality to enable WSS to compete in Data Center class NAS, including iSCSI software target Improved storage management interfaces

27 Microsoft Windows: Roadmap For Storage Innovation Improved clustering Better load balancing SAN connectivity Volume Shadow Copy Services (VSS) Virtual Disk Services (VDS) Flexible volume mounting Multipath IO SAN Boot iSCSI (SAN over IP) Data Protection Manager HBA-API Storage Manager for SANs (SMfS) File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) VDS 1.1 iSCSI remote boot Longhorn Reliability SANFriendly SANIntegration Connectivity Virtualization SMB 2.0 Self-healing NTFS File system transactions Filecopy performance Volume based encryption Client Side Cache DFS improvements (replication, namespace) Storage Explorer Server Backup IPv6 storage fabrics iSCSI target

28 Call To Action Understand, support, and take advantage of storage enhancements coming in Vista Look for synergy between your future plans for storage device product and feature development and Microsofts key areas for investment

29 Additional Resources Web Resources DMTF Specs: WS-Management us/dnglobspec/html/wsmgmtspecindex.asp us/dnglobspec/html/wsmgmtspecindex.asp us/dnglobspec/html/wsmgmtspecindex.asp SMI-S: Look for the 1.2 specification when its released Windows Server 2003 R2 Storage Features /storage/default.mspx /storage/default.mspx /storage/default.mspx for information: microsoft.com

30 © 2006 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

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