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FRACTURES SPRAINS & DISLOCATIONS TYPE OF FRACTURE 2 l CLOSED l CLOSED FRACTURES »THE »THE BONE DOESN’T BREAK THE SKIN »A »A CRACK OR A COMPLETE SEPARATION.

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Presentation on theme: "FRACTURES SPRAINS & DISLOCATIONS TYPE OF FRACTURE 2 l CLOSED l CLOSED FRACTURES »THE »THE BONE DOESN’T BREAK THE SKIN »A »A CRACK OR A COMPLETE SEPARATION."— Presentation transcript:

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2 FRACTURES SPRAINS & DISLOCATIONS

3 TYPE OF FRACTURE 2 l CLOSED l CLOSED FRACTURES »THE »THE BONE DOESN’T BREAK THE SKIN »A »A CRACK OR A COMPLETE SEPARATION OF THE BONE l OPEN l OPEN FRACTURES »THE »THE BONE PUNCTURES THE SKIN

4 cont. 3 cont. 3 l COMMINUTED l COMMINUTED (Open or Closed) A BONE BROKEN IN 2 OR MORE PLACES (same bone) MULTIPLE FRACTURES TWO OR MORE BONES BROKEN IN THE BODY BODY (different bones)

5 OBJECTIVE OF TREATING. A FRACTURE OBJECTIVE OF TREATING. A FRACTURE 4 l KEEP THE BROKEN BONE ENDS & ADJACENT JOINTS IMMOBILIZED

6 SIGNS & SYMPTOMS 5 SIGNS & SYMPTOMS 5 l SWELLING l TENDERNESS l DEFORMITY l BRUISING

7 cont. 6 cont. 6 l GRATING l EXPOSED BONE l HEAR SNAP/CRACK l PAIN SPECIFIC SPOT

8 FIRST AID 7 FIRST AID 7 l SPLINT TO IMMOBILIZE l ELEVATE l TREAT FOR SHOCK l CHECK PULSE l SKIN & FINGER COLOR

9 cont. 8 cont. 8 l DON’T STRAIGHTEN SPLINT AS FOUND »MIGHT DAMAGE TISSUE l COLD APPLICATIONS

10 OPEN FRACTURES FIRST. AID 9 l CONTROL BLEEDING »DRESS & BANDAGE »THEN SPLINT »POSSIBLY USE PRESSURE POINT l EXPOSED BONE ENDS »NO PRESSURE ON BONE ENDS

11 SPRAINS 10 SPRAINS 10 l SOFT TISSUE »HYPER-EXTEND »STRETCHING »TEARING

12 JOINT TISSUE »LIGAMENTS »TENDONS »CARTILAGE

13 FIRST AID FOR SPRAINS 11 FIRST AID FOR SPRAINS 11 l ELEVATE l ICE »NO DIRECT CONTACT WITH SKIN »20-30 MINUTES –IF LONGER MAY CAUSE INCREASED CIRCULATION

14 cont. 12 cont. 12 »REMOVE 3-5 MINUTES »CONTINUE FOR 24-48 HOURS –IF STILL SWELLING CONTINUE ICE »SWELLING STOPS USE HEAT & COLD l NO ELASTIC WRAPS

15 STRAIN 13 STRAIN 13 l MUSCLE INJURY »STRETCHING OR TEARING OF THE MUSCLE FIBERS

16 FIRST AID FOR STRAINS 14 FIRST AID FOR STRAINS 14 l MILD STRAIN »MOIST HEAT l SEVERE STRAIN »SWELLING »BLEEDING »TREAT SAME AS SPRAIN

17 DISLOCATIONS 15 DISLOCATIONS 15 l A DISPLACEMENT OF THE BONE ENDS FROM A JOINT »DON’T MANIPULATE A DISLOCATION

18 FIRST AID 16 FIRST AID 16 l SPLINT l COLD »ICE WRAPPED IN A TOWEL l CHECK PULSE

19 17 l CHECK YOUR OUTLINE FOR THE ASSIGNMENT


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