Benchmarking Effective Educational Practice Community Colleges of the State University of New York April, 2005.
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Benchmarking Effective Educational Practice Community Colleges of the State University of New York April, 2005
The Role of Community Colleges Community colleges have the complicated task of: H providing full access to education through open admissions; AND H designing effective educational experiences for a highly diverse population — students with dramatically varying goals and competing demands for their time.
The Challenge for Community Colleges Our students have significant time commitments in addition to their education. Most of them attend college part-time, and most of them work, care for dependents, and commute. Two-Thirds of Students Are Enrolled Part-Time Most Students Work
The Solution: Engagement By Design These challenges do not make student engagement impossible. They do mean it must be intentional. It must happen by design.
CCSSE: A Tool for Improvement The Community College Survey of Student Engagement (CCSSE) is a tool that helps colleges: H assess quality in community college education; H identify and learn from good educational practice — practice that promotes high levels of student learning and persistence; and H identify areas in which we can improve programs and services for students.
CCSSE: A Tool for Community Colleges The CCSSE survey: H is administered directly to community college students during class sessions; H asks questions about institutional practices and student behaviors that are highly correlated with student learning and retention; and H uses a sampling methodology that is consistent across all participating colleges. More than 92,000 community college students from 152 community and technical colleges in 30 states responded to the 2004 CCSSE survey.
CCSSE GROWS…. 400 Colleges 400,000 Students 40 States
CCSSE: A Tool for Accountability CCSSE: H provides reliable data on issues that matter; H reports data publicly; and H is committed to using data for improvement. CCSSE opposes using its data to rank colleges. ranking
Benchmarks for Effective Educational Practice CCSSE reports survey results in two ways: national benchmarks — areas that educational research has shown to be important in quality educational practice — and students’ responses to individual survey items. The five benchmarks are: H Active and Collaborative Learning H Student Effort H Academic Challenge H Student-Faculty Interaction H Support for Learners CCSSEville Community College 2004 Benchmark Scores
Reaching for Excellence CCSSE encourages colleges continually to ask whether current performance is good enough and to reach for excellence in student engagement. Colleges can: 1. Compare themselves to the national average (the 50 mark). 2. Compare themselves to high-performing colleges. 3. Measure their overall performance against results for their least-engaged group, aspiring to make sure all subgroups engage in their education at similarly high levels. 4. Gauge their work in areas their college strongly values. 5. Contrast where they are now with where they want to be. CCSSEville Community College 2004 Benchmark Scores 50--
Active and Collaborative Learning Students learn more when they are actively involved in their education and have opportunities to think about and apply what they are learning in different settings. The seven survey items that contribute to this benchmark are: During the current school year, how often have you: H Asked questions in class or contributed to class discussions H Made a class presentation (continued on next slide)
Active and Collaborative Learning During the current school year, how often have you: H Worked with other students on projects during class H Worked with classmates outside of class to prepare class assignments H Tutored or taught other students (paid or voluntary) H Participated in a community-based project as a part of a regular course H Discussed ideas from your readings or classes with others outside of class (students, family members, co-workers, etc.)
Active and Collaborative Learning Key Findings: All CCSSE 2004 colleges Students Who Collaborated on Projects During Class Students Who Collaborated on Classwork Outside of Class
Student Effort Students’ behaviors contribute significantly to their learning and the likelihood that they will attain their educational goals. The eight survey items associated with this benchmark are: During the current school year, how often have you: H Prepared two or more drafts of a paper or assignment before turning it in H Worked on a paper or project that required integrating ideas or information from various sources H Come to class without completing readings or assignments (continued on next slide)
Student Effort During the current school year, how often have you: H Used peer or other tutoring services H Used skill labs H Used a computer lab During the current school year: H How many books did you read on your own (not assigned) for personal enjoyment or academic enrichment H How many hours did you spend in a typical week preparing for class (studying, reading, writing, rehearsing, or other activities related to your program)
Student Effort Key Findings: All CCSSE 2004 colleges Students Who Come to Class Unprepared Hours Full-Time Students Spend Studying
Academic Challenge Challenging intellectual and creative work is central to student learning and collegiate quality. The 10 survey items associated with this benchmark are: During the current school year, how often have you: H Worked harder than you thought you could to meet an instructor’s standards or expectations (continued on next slide)
Academic Challenge How much does your coursework at this college emphasize: H Analyzing the basic elements of an idea, experience, or theory H Synthesizing and organizing ideas, information, or experiences in new ways H Making judgments about the value or soundness of information, arguments, or methods H Applying theories or concepts to practical problems or in new situations H Using information you have read or heard to perform a new skill (continued on next slide)
Academic Challenge During the current school year: H How many assigned textbooks, manuals, books, or book-length packs of course readings did you read H How many papers or reports of any length did you write H To what extent have your examinations challenged you to do your best work How much does this college emphasize: H Encouraging you to spend significant amounts of time studying
Academic Challenge Key Findings: All CCSSE 2004 colleges Are Students Writing Enough? Are Students Reading Enough?
Student-Faculty Interaction In general, the more interaction students have with their teachers, the more likely they are to learn effectively and persist toward achievement of their educational goals. The six items used in this benchmark are: During the current school year, how often have you: H Used e-mail to communicate with an instructor H Discussed grades or assignments with an instructor (continued on next slide)
Student-Faculty Interaction During the current school year, how often have you: H Talked about career plans with an instructor or advisor H Discussed ideas from your readings or classes with instructors outside of class H Received prompt feedback (written or oral) from instructors on your performance H Worked with instructors on activities other than coursework
Student-Faculty Interaction Key Findings: All CCSSE 2004 colleges Students Who Discussed Ideas with Instructors Outside of Class Students Who Talked with Advisors or Instructors about Career Plans
Support for Learners Students perform better and are more satisfied at colleges that are committed to their success and cultivate positive working and social relationships among different groups on campus. The seven survey items that contribute to this benchmark are: How much does this college emphasize: H Providing the support you need to help you succeed at this college H Encouraging contact among students from different economic, social, and racial or ethnic backgrounds (continued on next slide)
Support for Learners How much does this college emphasize: H Helping you cope with your nonacademic responsibilities (work, family, etc.) H Providing the support you need to thrive socially H Providing the financial support you need to afford your education During the current school year, how often have you: H Used academic advising/planning services H Used career counseling services
The Need for Inescapable Engagement Students Who Earn Degrees Students Who Transfer
Strategy 1: Engage Early, Engage Often CCSSE Respondents by Credit Hours Earned at the College
Strategy 2: Stress Academic Advising Students’ Use of Academic Advising/Planning Services Students’ Use of Career Counseling Services
Strategy 3: Redesign Educational Experiences Collaborative Learning among Students Interaction with Faculty Members
Strategy 4: Redesign Educational Experiences Question: What are the key “design principles” for creating gatekeeper courses in which students will learn and succeed at higher levels?
Building a Culture of Evidence Better educational outcomes do not just happen. They depend on building and working within a culture of evidence: H Being relentless about putting data in front of faculty and staff — and using the data to promote positive change. H Being honest about current student performance to identify the means for improving. H Setting goals and implementing strategies to achieve them. H Basing every decision — about programs, policies, budgets, and staffing — on which action will have the best effect on student learning.