Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Child abuse and neglect:

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Child abuse and neglect:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Child abuse and neglect:

2 What Is Child Abuse? Child abuse occurs when a parent, guardian or caregiver mistreats or neglects a child, resulting in: injury significant emotional or psychological harm serious risk of harm to the child. Child abuse entails the betrayal of a caregiver's position of trust and authority over a child. It can take many different forms.

3 Physical abuse is the deliberate application of force to any part of a child's body.
Physical abuse also includes behavior such as: Shaking Choking Biting Kicking Burning Poisoning a child Holding a child under water

4 Child sexual abuse Child sexual abuse occurs when a child occurs when a child is used for sexual purposes by an adult or adolescent. It involves exposing a child to any sexual activity or behavior. Other forms of sexual abuse include sexual intercourse, juvenile prostitution and sexual exploitation through pornography.

5 Physical neglect occurs when a child's needs for: food clothing
Neglect occurs when a child's parents or other caregivers are not providing essential basics to a child's emotional, psychological and physical development. Physical neglect occurs when a child's needs for: Physical neglect occurs when a child's needs for: food clothing shelter cleanliness medical care protection from harm

6 forcing a child into social isolation intimidating exploiting,
Emotional neglect occurs when a child's need to feel loved, wanted, safe and worthy is not met. Emotional neglect can range from the context of the abuser simply being unavailable to that in which the abuser openly rejects the child. forcing a child into social isolation intimidating exploiting, terrorizing making unreasonable demands on a child. exposure of a child to violence between the parents

7 Emotional abuse involves an attack on a child's sense of self
Emotional abuse involves an attack on a child's sense of self. Emotional abuse is usually found in the context of a long-term problem in a parent's treatment of a child. It is often part of a pattern of family stress and dysfunctional parenting. Emotional abuse frequently co-exists with other types of abuse: constantly insulting humiliating rejecting a child, saying that a child is ``stupid'' or ``bad'', can harm a child's sense of worth and self-confidence

8 Where do we find child abuse and neglect?
Child abuse is not confined to any one social class or sector of the population; it cuts across all ethnic, religious, social and economic backgrounds. Child abuse and neglect occur in every province and territory, in large cities, small towns and rural and urban areas all over the world While children of all ages are at risk, those 3 years old or less are most frequently investigated for neglect, and children 12 to 15 years old are most frequently investigated for physical abuse. (Trocme,1993.)

9 Family Factors Economic disadvantage is a major contributor to child neglect. (Trocme,1993) Poverty appears to be a risk factor for physical abuse, though not for emotional abuse. (E.D. Jones and K. McCurdy,1992) Causes of stress on families, such as unemployment, can contribute to child maltreatment. (V. Krishnan and K.B. Morrison, 1995) Alcohol and drug abuse (Karr-Morse & Wiley 1997) Parental mental illness Multi-generational abuse (J.A. Weston, M. Colloton, S. Halsey, S. Covington, J. Gilbert,L. Sorrentino-Kelly and S.S. Renoud,1993)

10 What are the characteristics of abusers?
Unrealistic expectations of the child Unplanned pregnancy Isolated from family or community supports Need to control the child See the child as a burden or acting disrespectfully

11 Children of abuse: Younger children are at greater risk of severe injury or death as a result of child abuse Prenatal drug exposure or failure to thrive infants Physically or developmentally delayed children

12 Impact of abuse on the child’s development and behavior
Lower school performance Aggressive Deviant of rules and laws Poor social skills/ or seek abusive relationships as adults Socially isolated Greater risk for becoming criminals and drug abusers Suffer from low self-esteem, depression

13 What can be done? Parent education Outreach services Community awareness (schools, doctors, local government)

Download ppt "Child abuse and neglect:"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google