James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944) 1891-1917 Professor of Psychology, Columbia University editor of Psychological Review (1894-1903); Popular Science Monthly (1900-1915).
Vineland Training School, Vineland, NJ Cottages, 1898 Central Dining Room for Boys
Professional Associations for Care of Feeble-minded 1876: Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Persons (only for medical personnel). 1896: Journal of Psycho-Asthenics (weak in body) 1906—changed name: American Association for the Feeble-Minded, now admitted psychologists.
Henry Herbert Goddard (1866-1957) The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness (1912) Feeble-Mindedness: its Causes And Consequences (1914)
Boys’ Classroom, Pennsylvania Training School for Feeble-Minded Children, 1886
Military Drills at Massachusetts School for the Feeble-Minded, c. 1890
Alfred Binet (1857-1911) and Théodore Simon with Simon, “On the necessity of establishing a scientific diagnostic of inferior state of intelligence” (1905) The Development of Intelligence in Children (1908)
Degrees of Feeblemindedness IDIOT: Mental Age less than 3 years IMBECILE: Mental Age between 3 and 7 FEEBLEMINDED or MORON: Mental Age of 8-12 years of Age.
American Association for the Study of the Feeble-Minded 1910
Psychologist Administering an Intelligence Test, c. 1930
Mental Testing in the American Educational System American School Journal, 1922
Psychological Testing of Immigrants, Ellis Island Archives of the History of Psychology, Akron, Ohio
Stanford Revision of the Binet- Simon Intelligence ScSle IQ—Intelligence Quotient Developed by Lewis Terman Professor of Education Stanford University, 1916 Mental age (Binet Score), divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100. The mean was set at 100.
Image from a pamphlet entitled:The Menace of the Feeble-Minded (1919) The Kallikak Family H.H. Goddard (1912)
From a 1915 pamphlet of the Juvenile Protective Association of Cincinnati
Eugenics Organizations Eugenics Society (London) 1907 Sir Francis Galton as Honorary President Eugenics Record Office 1910 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory New York (under direction of biologist Charles Davenport and Harry Laughlin) Race Betterment Foundation,Galton Society, Eugenics Education Societies and other local groups American Eugenics Society 1923 (with 28 State committees)
Army Testers: Committee on the Psychological Examination of Recruits Yerkes, Goddard, Terman, 1917
Test 6 of the Army Beta Task is to fill in the missing elements of the pictures