GPRS Muhammad Al-khaldi 215313 Sultan Al-Khaldi 236437.
Published byModified over 4 years ago
Presentation on theme: "GPRS Muhammad Al-khaldi 215313 Sultan Al-Khaldi 236437."— Presentation transcript:
GPRS Muhammad Al-khaldi 215313 Sultan Al-Khaldi 236437
Outline: What is GPRS? GPRS Handset Classes. Classes of GPRS services. Benefits of GPRS. GPRS Network Components. Simple GPRS Architecture. IP Addressing. Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution. GSM Evolution for Data Access. Summary.
What is GPRS? GPRS stands for General Packet Radio Service. Allows data to be sent and received across a mobile telephone network. Step toward 3G. It is often referred to as 2.5G. GSM and GPRS different networks working in parallel.
What is GPRS? GPRS combines mobile access with internet protocol (IP). It is packet based network technology. Send and receive data as text, graphics and video. GPRS is based on modulation technique known as GMSK ( Gaussian minimum-shift keying).
GPRS Handset Classes: Class A: Have 2 transceivers. allow them to send / receive data and voice at the same time. takes full advantage of GPRS and GSM. Class B: can send / receive data or voice but not both at the same time.
GPRS Handset Classes: Class C: Allows one means of connectivity. Like GPRS PCMCIA card in a laptop.
Classes of GPRS services: traffic priority classification : Precedence Class: An application can be assigned a Precedence Class 1, 2 or 3. If an application has a higher precedence (1) than another (3) then its traffic will be given a higher priority. Delay Class: Applications can request a delay classes which guarantee an average and 95% delay for 128 octet and 1024 octet packet size. There are 4 classes, 1 being the fastest.
Classes of GPRS services: Reliability class: Applications can request differing levels of reliability for its data depending on its tolerance to data loss. Throughput Class: There are 2 distinctions in class, peak and mean. Peak throughput class is used mainly for bursty transmissions. Mean is the average data transfer rate over a period of time measured in octets per hour.
Benefits of GPRS: Speed: at around 56–115 kbps Always on connectivity: data can be sent or received immediately as it is produced. The system does not require establishing a connection. New and Better applications: such as video conferencing straight to your desktop or mobile device.
Benefits of GPRS: GSM operator Costs: it allows GSM providers to add value to their business at relatively small costs. Extremely efficient use of radio bandwidth: this is because it is packet based service.
GPRS Network Components: GPRS is not a completely separate network from GSM. Packet Control Unit (PCU): used to control a packet switched data. Base Station Controller (BSC): it is part of GSM network.
GPRS Network Components: Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN): it performs the following tasks: Routing. Handover. IP address assignment. Verification and collection of billing data.
GPRS Network Components: Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN): provide the following: Works as a gateway. Works as a router. Works as a firewall. Confirms user details with RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) servers for security.
GPRS Network Components: GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP): The main function is to make connectivity between the SGSN & GGSN GTP sits on the top of TCP/IP responsible for the collection of mediation and billing information. Home Location Register (HLR): a database that contains subscriber information
IP Addressing: There are three different ways: Fixed IP addressing: IP to every handset (the 1 st way).
IP Addressing: Dynamic IP addressing: The 2 nd way is by giving every GGSN an IP and every handset belong to this domain. (like LAN) The 3 rd way (also dynamic) the IP is given by RADIUS.( like dial up)
Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution: EDGE provides Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS). Increased data rates with GSM compatibility. Still 200 KHz bands; still TDMA. In addition to GMSK EDGE uses 8PSK. 8-PSK modulation: 3 bits/symbol give 3X data rate.
Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution: EDGE can carry data speeds up to 384 kbps. It is anther step to 3G,it reffered as 2.75G. Shorter range (more sensitive to noise/interference).
Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution: Introduces a new technology not found in GPRS, Incremental Redundancy.This increases the probability of correct decoding. EDGE takes the cellular community one step closer to UMTS.