The National Office for Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing and Prediction Eric J. Lindstrom, Director, Ocean.US Worth D. Nowlin, Jr, U.S. GOOS Steering.
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Presentation on theme: "The National Office for Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing and Prediction Eric J. Lindstrom, Director, Ocean.US Worth D. Nowlin, Jr, U.S. GOOS Steering."— Presentation transcript:
The National Office for Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing and Prediction Eric J. Lindstrom, Director, Ocean.US Worth D. Nowlin, Jr, U.S. GOOS Steering Committee Developing the Sustained and Integrated Ocean Observing System for the U.S.
Outline 1. Global Ocean Observing System Development 2. Planning for a U.S. GOOS Component 3. The Vision of an Integrated Ocean Observing System for the United States 4. Activities Needed to Achieve the Vision –Continuing System Design –Governance –U.S. Contribution to the Global Module –Initial U.S. Coastal Observing System –Data Management and Communications Subsystem –Continuing System Development
1. Global Ocean Observing System Development 1990 –Suggested by Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) 1991 –Created under aegis of IOC, World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Environment Programme, and International Council for Science –Envisioned to consist of five modules dealing with climate, marine services, pollution, living resources, and coastal issues
1. GOOS Development (cont’d) 1995 –Initial Strategic Plan completed for the Climate Module 1997 –GOOS Steering Committee formed 1998 –Marine services and climate requirements combined into one global module 1999 –First International Conference on the Global Observing System for Climate in Saint Raphael, France –Unified operational and long-term research needs; consensus on requirements for global module
1. GOOS Development (cont’d) 2000 –Publication of Ocean Theme (document of the Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership) defining ocean requirements for satellite observations and setting rolling review process –Initial design plans completed for pollution, marine resources, and coastal modules. –Three modules combined into one Coastal Module (Coastal Ocean Observations Panel)
1. GOOS Development (cont’d) 2001 –Initial meeting of the WMO-IOC Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology –Signaled formal beginning of operational global oceanography 2002 –Strategic Design Plan completed by the COOP for combined coastal module –First Forum of GOOS Regional Alliances
2. Planning for a U.S. GOOS Component 1990 –First national meeting to consider the concept –Formation of an interagency working group for GOOS 1995/1996 –Office of Global Programs in NOAA began preparation of an implementation plan for the U.S. contribution to the GOOS climate module. –Economic benefits studies begun.
2. Planning for a U.S. GOOS Component (continued) 1998 –U.S. GOOS Steering Committee established; initiated assessment of users and products needed by U.S. regional coastal observing systems 1999/2000 –Issuance of first planning documents for U.S. GOOS by National Oceanographic Partnership Program
2. Planning for a U.S. GOOS Component (continued) 2000 –Establishment of the Ocean.US Office; planning begun for development of sustained and integrated ocean observing system for the U.S. 2001 –NOAA Ten-year Implementation Plan for Building a Sustained Ocean Observing System for Climate completed and reviewed
Organizational Chart National Ocean Research Leadership Council (NORLC) Ocean Research Advisory Panel (ORAP) Interagency Working Group (IWG) NOPP Program Office Federal Oceanographic Facilities Committee (FOFC) Ocean.US Office Ocean.US EXCOM U.S. GOOS Steering Committee
National Ocean Research Leadership Council (NORLC) Chair:Director, National Science Foundation Vice Chair: Secretary of the Navy Vice Chair NOAA Administrator Administrator National Aeronautics and Space Administration Deputy Secretary Department of Energy Administrator Environmental Protection Agency Commandant United States Coast Guard DirectorUnited States Geological Survey Director Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Director Minerals Management Service Director Office of Science and Technology Policy Director Office of Management and Budget
2. Planning for a U.S. GOOS Component (continued) 2002 - Congressional endorsement of national ocean observing system (Senate appropriations bills 107- 42 and 107-43) - Commitment of OSTP to participate in planning and implementation of national system
2002 National Ocean Community Consensus Building Workshop The national ocean community at the Ocean.US workshop consisted of: –Representatives from government (federal, state, and local), academia, private/industry –Individuals with necessary scientific and technical expertise –Representatives from coastal regions around the country –Individuals with a clear understanding of the needs of the many users of the data
2. Planning for a U.S. GOOS Component (continued) 2002 –National workshop on U.S. integrated ocean observing system. Consensus reached on: Vision for the system Core elements to be federally supported Need for an improved data and information management system Need for additional economic benefits studies
2. Planning for a U.S. GOOS Component (continued) 2002 –Short IOOS plan with first-year budget submitted to Congress via NOPP and OSTP –Complete report of national meeting drafted –Phased implementation plan drafted –Plan for Data and Communications Subsystem under development –Plans formulated for developing a National Federation of Regional Coastal Observing Systems
3. The Vision for the U.S. IOOS Will consist of subsystems for observations, data and communications management, and analysis and modeling for products and services
3. The Vision (continued) Observations will be those needed to produce products and services required by a broad community of users for: –detecting and predicting oceanic components of climate variability, –facilitating safe and efficient marine operations, –ensuring national security, –managing resources for sustainable use, –preserving and restoring healthy marine ecosystems, –mitigating natural hazards, and –ensuring public health.
3. The Vision (continued) Will consist of two coordinated components –Global, open-ocean component (climate, marine services, security, and defense) –Coastal component (all areas) Global component will be federally funded and combined with other nations’ contributions via JCOMM The coastal component will consist of a federally-funded network of core observations; other entities will contribute enhancements to this network.
3. The Vision (continued) Regional enhancements by Regional Systems National Federation of Regional Coastal Observing Systems The federal government is expected to develop and maintain the data and communications subsystem Products and services will be developed by a wide range of entities.
National Federation of Regional Systems National System Satellite remote sensing Reference, Sentinel Stations Link to global module Data standards & exchange protocols Regional Systems Land-based inputs State & Regional Priorities Greater resolution More variables
Transition from Research to Operational Oceanography
U.S. Contribution to Global Module Adhere to the NOAA Ten-year Implementation Plan for Building a Sustained Ocean Observing System for Climate
Data and Communications Subsystem Federal government to implement an enhanced system to link all observations (including historical) to all data users and to link products and services to users. A process is underway to develop plans and costs for this enhanced system; completion by January 2003.
Continuing the System Design Mechanism for selection of initial elements of coastal component Economic benefit analyses for coastal components on regional basis Involvement of private sector
Initial U.S. Coastal Observing System Many elements already exist. Federal agencies should begin immediately to implement the “core” contribution (principally reference and sentinel observations and global to regional models) Integration of federal with other regional contributions Required is a sustained source of federal support to leverage state and local monies for the regional enhancements
Continuing Development of the U.S. Ocean Observing System Integration of coastal components of the IOOS with pertinent elements of the global GOOS Continuing monitoring and evaluation—based on performance to meet requirement of users Sequential development of the coastal component of the system. Research ->Pilot Projects -> Pre-operational Testing leading to operational phase
Present work of Ocean.US Build a structure which supports integration, is sustainable, and remains adaptive and beneficial. (Governance) Define observing system being coordinated by Ocean.US. (Contributions and Branding) Expand and coordinate observing system based on requirements agreed to by EXCOM. (Funding Priorities and Budget Process) Increase knowledge and availability of ocean products and services based on user needs (Producing Results)
An IOOS Implementation Plan Overview Part 1- Purpose and Governance Delivered to EXCOM Part 2- The Initial IOOS: Building on Existing Assets To be completed by 1 February Part 3- Improving the IOOS: Enhancements and New Initiatives To be completed by 1 March
Four Year Planning Cycle Year N May – Compile status reports & proposals for expansion July – Ocean.US Briefing to agencies & RAs on IOOS status & plans Sept – Guidelines from Ocean.US for integrated development of the IOOS Oct – Ocean.US consolidate agency plans for ORAP review Dec – IOOS Annual Plan to the NORLC Year N + 1 Jan-June – Agencies use IOOS Annual Plan as a guide for IOOS budget development June-Dec – President’s budget drafted & reviewed by the OMB Ocean.US prepares IOOS budget cross-cut Year N + 2 Feb – President’s budget submitted to Congress Oct – Congress completes appropriations & implementation begins Year N + 3 Mar-May – Performance Evaluation