FAN5098 Two Phase Interleaved Synchronous Buck Converter
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1 FAN5098 Two Phase Interleaved Synchronous Buck Converter ByEd TorrenteEE136
2 APPLICATION Programmable synchronous multi-phase DC-DC controller IC. Can deliver 40A of output current when designed with proper components.Functions as a frequency PWM step down regulator with High Efficiency mode (E*) at light load.
3 FEATURESProgrammable output form 800mV to 1.550V in 15mV steps using an integrated 5-bit DAC.Two interleaved synchronous phases with maximum performance100ns response timeBuilt-in current sharing between phases.
4 FEATURES Programmable Active Droop (Voltage Positioning) Switching frequency can be programmed from 100kHz to 1MHz per phaseIntegrated high-current gate drivers
5 FEATURES Integrated Power Good, OV, UV, Enable/Soft Start functions Drives N-channel MOSFETsOperation optimized for 12VHigh efficiency mode (E*) at light load
6 INTENDED MARKETThis programmable step-down power supply is intended for the AMD Athlon and Hammer microprocessors.
9 Signal conditioning amplifier Signal conditioning amplifier CIRCUIT ANALYSISSignal conditioning amplifierConsists of comparators feeding into signal conditioning amplifiers that provides the input to the digital control block.The signal conditioning section accepts inputs from a current sensor and a voltage sensor.ComparatorsSignal conditioning amplifier
10 CIRCUIT ANALYSISThe voltage sensor amplifies the difference between the VFB signal and the reference voltage of the DAC and presents the output to each of the conditioning blocks.Voltage sensorVFB
11 CIRCUIT ANALYSISSWThe current control path for each phase takes the difference between PGND and SW pins when the low-side MOSFET is on, reproducing the voltage across the MOSFET and thus the input current. It represents the resulting signal to the comparators, adding its signal to the voltage amplifier signal with a certain gain resulting in two signals being added.PGND
12 CIRCUIT ANALYSISThe sum is then presented to the Signal conditioning blocks along with the oscillator ramp signal, which provides the main PWM control to the digital control block.
13 CIRCUIT ANALYSISThe oscillator ramps are 180° out of phase from each other such that the two phases are on alternately.The digital control blocks takes the signal from the Signal conditioning amplifiers to provide the appropriate pulses to the HDRV and LDRV output pins for each phase.
14 MEASUREMENTS (Light load efficiency) During light load, current will flow away from its output and towards the input.This reverse current flow is seen as a positive voltage on the low-side MOSFET.
15 MEASUREMENTS (Normal Operation) High-side Gate during normal operationNote the 180° out of phase for fast transient response.
17 DEVICE SELECTION (Gate Resistors) Use the gate resistors are mandatory for all MOSFETs and should be placed as close as possible to the MOSFETs.Gate resistors also limits power dissipation inside the IC which would result in switching frequency limitations.
18 DEVICE SELECTION (Inductors) In choosing the inductor value there is a trade-off between the allowable ripple voltage and required transient response.Choosing a smaller inductor value will be best since it will produce greater ripple while producing better transient response.Typical values of inductors are 1.3μH at an oscillator frequency of 600kHz.
19 DEVICE SELECTION (Output Filter Capacitors ) Output bulk capacitor helps determine the output ripple and its transient response time.Most commonly used are electrolytics for their low cost and low ESR.The output capacitance should also include a number of small value ceramic capacitors preferably 0.1μF and 0.01μF.
20 CONCLUSIONCapable of producing up to 40A of current to supply the microprocessor.RDS,(on)<10mΩ while most competitors have RDS,(on) =20mΩ.Competitors include Texas Instrument, Maxim, and National Semiconductor.
21 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Professor Zhou Mr. Cosimo Friolo Ms.Trina Noor Professor GhadiriFairchild Semiconductor