Cosc 4730 Phone Programming in Java An Introduction.
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Cosc 4730 Phone Programming in Java An Introduction
Java: Blackberry vs Android Blackberry use JavaME with a lot of extensions We’ll cover the Blackberry JavaME with extensions less JavaME, more Blackberry JavaME If it doesn’t apply to a Blackberry, I won’t cover it. Android uses “Java”, except is closer in nature to JavaME with Google/Android’s own twist. Because of this, I’ll teach how to code X for Android as well as Blackberry
Java ME Java Platform, Micro Edition An environment for applications Generally for mobile phones, PDA, TVs, and other embedded devices. Like Java Standard Edition (SE), applications written for ME are portable across many devices. But use each devices native capabilities
Java ME (2) Java For Micro devices Micro Device: – Limited processing Power – Limited Storage Capacity – No or Low Bandwidth Network Connection Phones, PDAs, TV, Car Navigation systems,...
Capabilities Depends on device, but JavaME can: – Multimedia audio/video playback/recording – Connectivity HTTP, Network (Sockets, Datagrams), Bluetooth, Infrared, Serial IO, Wifi and Cell Data Network – Gaming Layers, Canvas, 3D support, Sprites – SMS, MMS, File Management, Database, GPS, Personal Info Management, Security Services
Terms and Standards (2) CLDC – Connected Limited Device Configuration Most mobile phones and their like.
Terms and Standards (3) CLDC and MIDP (Mobile Information Device Profile) Most mobile devices in the last couple of use this environment. CLDC 1.1 (JSR 139) or CLDC 1.0 (JSR 30) MIDP 2.0 (JSR 118) or MIDP 1.0 (JSR 37) Note: MIDP 2.0 supports at least CLDC 1.0
Terms and Standards (4) Also Java Technology for Wireless Industry (JTWI) JSR 185. Currently JTWI 1.0 Includes MIDP 2.0 CLDC 1.0, but 1.1 may be used instead. WMA 1.1 (JSR 120) Wireless Messaging API, which provides access to text messaging capabilities (usually SMS). Optional MMAP 1.1 Mobile Media API for rendering and recording media data.
Terms and Standards (4) A few more we will run into (not a complete list) Bluetooth and OBEX - JSR 82 Java API for bluetooth Mobile 3D Graphics – JSR 184 Mobile 3D graphics API SVG API – JSR 229 Scalable 2D Vector Graphics API
CLDC MIDP over CLDC is what most cell phones use: – CLDC No Floating point support No Object finalization No support for JNI or reflection No thread groups or daemon thread No application-defined class loaders Implementation-defined error handling. Class verification is done differently
MIDP MIDP applications are called MIDlets APIs for – Application management and control – User interface – Persistent storage – Networking – Timers
MIDlets In a Nutshell and MIDlets is loaded Then Startapp() → Active process running → PauseApp() → DestroyApp() → Paused Process → StartApp() → DestroyApp() DestoryApp unloads MIDlets
CDLC Application On some devices – An application can be created, instead of a MIDlet – Application has a Main(), like normal Java applications – MIDlet don't have main, instead extend the MIDlet class – SmartPhones are more likely to have Applications, instead of just MIDlets.
API references Java ME techology API Documentation http://java.sun.com/javame/referece/apis.jsp – Includes CLDC, CDC, and Sun optional packages – Note: This sun generic JavaME and some smartphones have added to JavaME
Jsr118 (MIDP 2.0) User Interface Package javax.microedition.lcdui: The UI API provides a set of features for implementation of user interfaces for MIDP applications. javax.microedition.lcdui.game: The Game API package provides a series of classes that enable the development of rich gaming content for wireless devices. Persistence Package javax.microedition.rms: The Mobile Information Device Profile provides a mechanism for MIDlets to persistently store data and later retrieve it. Application Lifecycle Package javax.microedition.midlet: The MIDlet package defines Mobile Information Device Profile applications and the interactions between the application and the environment in which the application runs. Networking Package javax.microedition.io: Classes for the Generic Connection framework.
Jsr118 (MIDP 2.0) (2) Audio Package javax.microedition.media: The MIDP 2.0 Media API is a directly compatible building block of the Mobile Media API (JSR-135) specification. javax.microedition.media.control: This package defines the specific Control types that can be used with a Player. Public Key Package javax.microedition.pki: Certificates are used to authenticate information for secure Connections. Core Packages java.io: Provides classes for input and output through data streams. java.lang: Provides classes that are fundamental to the Java programming language. java.util: Contains the collection classes, and the date and time facilities.
For comparison Check the Java docs for jsr118 vs Java v6 Java6: http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/api/http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/api/ Jsr118: http://java.sun.com/javame/reference/apis/jsr118/ http://java.sun.com/javame/reference/apis/jsr118/ JavaMe is very much a small subset of the java language you are used to using. The language is there, but not everything you may want to use.
Blackberry and android Blackberry's can use MIDlet, just like standard JavaME phone – But prefer a different method. base class is the application class, but is not a MIDlet. application is closer in nature to a standard Java program, then a JavaMe app. There is a Main class! uses MainScreen for each screen that the applications is using. – Note, you can have many screens. Android phones uses it own version of Java with XML. – Uses an Activity as base class very similar to MIDlet.
Android No JavaME Standards or JSRs apply Uses an Activity as base class, but similar to MIDlets has OnCreate, OnStart(), onResume(), onStop() For more information: http://developer.android.c om/guide/basics/what-is- android.html http://developer.android.c om/guide/basics/what-is- android.html
Android (2) Developer pages have lot of examples and reference guides – api reference guide: http://developer.android.com/reference/android/ app/package-summary.html http://developer.android.com/reference/android/ app/package-summary.html – Resources and tutorials (where the helloworld example came from) http://developer.android.com/resources/index.html